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Instrument Families of the Symphony Orchestra
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  1. Instrument Families of the Symphony Orchestra Woodwind Family

  2. Instrument Families of the Symphony Orchestra • Click through this Power Point to learn about the instruments of the Woodwind Family • Do not complete any of the worksheets yet, that will come later!

  3. Instrument Families of the Symphony Orchestra The Woodwind Family - Woodwind instruments are usually made of wood - Produce sound by blowing wind through instrument either with a reed or over edge of mouthpiece 3 Groups of WW Instruments: 1. Non-reed: uses only a mouthpiece 2. Single reed: reed vibrates against mouthpiece 3. Double reed: two reeds vibrate against each other

  4. Instrument Families of the Symphony Orchestra The Woodwind Family Reeds: - Thin strip of cane

  5. Instrument Families of the Symphony Orchestra • There are four main woodwind instruments and • a “cousin” to each instrument; that is, a similar • instrument to the main instrument, usually larger • or smaller in size that is played the same way. • The four main instruments are: • Flute (“cousin” instrument is the piccolo) • Clarinet (“cousin” instrument is the bass clarinet) • Oboe (“cousin” instrument is the english horn) • Bassoon (“cousin” instrument is the contrabassoon)

  6. Instrument Families of the Symphony Orchestra The Woodwind Family Non-Reed Instruments: Flute (Made of metal) Piccolo Highest sounding ww instrument

  7. Instrument Families of the Symphony Orchestra The Woodwind Family (continued) Single Reed Clarinet - Made of wood - Bell-shaped end - Sound produced by reed

  8. Instrument Families of the Symphony Orchestra The Woodwind Family (continued) Single Reed: Bass Clarinet • Larger than clarinet • Plays lower

  9. Instrument Families of the Symphony Orchestra The Woodwind Family (continued) Single Reed: Saxophone - The only woodwind instrument not found in the orchestra - Made of brass

  10. Instrument Families of the Symphony Orchestra The Woodwind Family (continued) Double Reed: Oboe • Similar to clarinet but has different mouthpiece (provides the tuning note for the orchestra--A 440)

  11. Instrument Families of the Symphony Orchestra The Woodwind Family (continued) Double Reed: English Horn - Larger and sounds lower than oboe (Pear-shaped Bell)

  12. Instrument Families of the Symphony Orchestra The Woodwind Family (continued) Double Reed: Bassoon - special mouthpiece • has over 9 ft. of tubing!

  13. Instrument Families of the Symphony Orchestra The Woodwind Family (continued) Double Reed: Contrabassoon - Largest and lowest sounding ww instrument

  14. Instrument Families of the Symphony Orchestra • 1. Draw and shade in the placement of the Woodwind Family in the symphony orchestra: Shade in this section!

  15. Instrument Families of the Symphony Orchestra The Woodwind Family Worksheet 2. Name the four main woodwind instruments: • Flute • Clarinet • Oboe • Bassoon air 3. Woodwind instruments are played by blowing _____ into a __________________. mouthpiece • The sound from a woodwind instrument comes out of the __________________. tone holes non-reed • The flute is a member of the __________ family of woodwinds because you blow air across the opening to make sound.

  16. Instrument Families of the Symphony Orchestra The Woodwind Family Worksheet wood cane • Flutes were originally made of _______ or ________, but now are made of ________. metal 7. Piccolo means _________ in Italian. little • The highest sounding instrument in the orchestra is the __________. piccolo

  17. Instrument Families of the Symphony Orchestra A. The Woodwind Family Worksheet • The second group of woodwind instruments are called the _________ reed instruments. single cane 10. Reeds are made from _______. • The clarinet is used in _____________, ________, and ________ groups. orchestras bands jazz

  18. Instrument Families of the Symphony Orchestra The Woodwind Family Worksheet larger & plays lower 12. A bass clarinet is _______________________ than the clarinet. • The third group of instruments are the _________ reed instruments. double • All reeds __________ to produce sound in the instrument. vibrate

  19. Instrument Families of the Symphony Orchestra The Woodwind Family Worksheet oboe • An _______ has a very nasal sound produced by the double reed. (This instrument also provides the tuning note for the orchestra.) English Horn 16. The _________ ______ is a large oboe. 17. The English Horn has a pear-shaped ______. bell

  20. Instrument Families of the Symphony Orchestra The Woodwind Family Worksheet 9 • The bassoon has ____ feet of tubing which is bent in order to allow the musician to hold it. • The lowest and largest of the double reed instruments is the ________________ Contrabassoon (contra means to double) 18 20. The contrabassoon is ____ feet in length.

  21. Instrument Families of the Symphony Orchestra The Woodwind Family Worksheet 21. Name the three categories of woodwind instruments. Non-reed Single Reed Double Reed

  22. Instrument Families of the Symphony Orchestra • Be sure to also complete the other Woodwind Family worksheet in addition to the worksheet you just completed. • Both are due at the end of the period!