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Learning objectives-11. Rise of Democracy. Equality and opportunity. Belief that there should be “equality in opportunity” Democratic spirit- classless society Does opportunity create inequality of wealth- yes!. New Democratic Political System.

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Learning objectives-11

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learning objectives 11

Learning objectives-11

Rise of Democracy

equality and opportunity
Equality and opportunity
  • Belief that there should be “equality in opportunity”
  • Democratic spirit- classless society
  • Does opportunity create inequality of wealth- yes!
new democratic political system
New Democratic Political System
  • National Republicans (Whigs)- Henry Clay and John Q Adams
  • Democrats-Jackson supporters
  • Freemasons
    • Moral commitment to temperance, charity and hard work
    • Anti-masonic movement
      • Threat to equality and opportunity
        • Due to secrecy and interests only in “brotherhood”

People look to government to relived distress and prosperity

    • Politicians offer change not independent from society
  • Democratic reform
    • State eliminate property voting qualifications
    • Presidential electors voted in by people and party candidates
    • Life-long politicians
  • Limitations
    • Women and slaves can’t vote
jacksonian era era of the common man
Jacksonian era (Era of the Common Man)
  • John Q- National Republican, no support
  • Andrew Jackson- Democrat (new party)
    • Beginning of modern politics
    • Spoils system
    • Indian removal, the tariff, and banking were the three major problems Jackson confronted as president.
    • Democracy and Race
      • Push Native Americans off land- Trail of Tears
      • Southern land for Cotton
      • Races were different due to environment vs. “inferior”
trail of tears
Trail of Tears
  • Worcester v Georgia- Marshall rules with Cherokee, had authority over their lands (protecting property)
    • Jackson ignored court and wen on with Indian Removal
  • Cherokee – held off the longest
    • Chief Ross held captive- released but could not negotiate, and leave by 1838
    • No guilt- pushed off to other lands (uninhabitable) as a way to “protect” them.
african americans during jacksonian era
African Americans during Jacksonian era
  • Democrats- pro-slavery
  • Voting rights taken away from the free
  • Kept in inferior position-segregation, denied civil rights, discrimination in occupations
  • Set up own ethnic communities
  • Minstrel show- racial stereotyping, ridicule
    • Made low classes feel superior
what is the relationship between racism and democratic politics
What is the relationship between racism and democratic politics?
  • Heightened fears of failure= racism
  • Equality remain the cry but it was not social reality
  • Democracy strengthened racism
  • excluded from the new democratic system, African-Americans and Indians found their position and rights seriously deteriorating
  • Democracy and racism were linked,
    • racism offered whites a refuge from the uncertainties of living in a market-oriented, supposedly egalitarian society.
nullification crisis
Nullification crisis
  • John C. Calhoun
  • Rights of minority vs. political system of majority
  • People of states could nullify federal law that exceeded powers granted to congress
    • Law be null and void in that state
    • Congress could repeal law or create amendment
    • State then could accept or secede from union
    • unfinished