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Option 1 - mandatory payments only. Olympic podium land type budget. Scotland’s national ceiling (100%) ( eg € 600m ). Flexibility – can transfer up to 15% P1 to P2 and review decision in 2017 but can then only increase the percentage transfer ( eg 15% = € 90m ).

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slide1

Option 1 - mandatory payments only

Olympic podium land type budget

Scotland’s national ceiling (100%) (eg €600m)

Flexibility – can transfer up to 15% P1 to P2 and review decision in 2017 but can then only increase the percentage transfer (eg 15% = €90m)

Revised Scottish national ceiling (85%) (eg €510m)

May use up to 10% for small farmer scheme (eg €51m)

Up to 30% optional French Redistribution Payment. Value depends on other options used.

Up to 8% optional deduction for VCS (eg €40.8m)

Mandatory 30% deduction for Greening (eg €153m)

Up to 2% mandatory deduction for YF scheme (eg €10.2m)

May use 5% for optional P1 ANC support (eg €25.5m)

These deductions account for 32% of the revised Scottish national ceiling

Not used

So 68% of revised Scottish ceiling left for Basic Payments (eg €346.8m)

3% (more if needed) of Basic Payment ceiling for National Reserve (eg €10.4m)

€336.4mleft for the new Basic Payments

Therefore a regional average flat rate in Scotland would be €73.8/ha.

If budgets were split 42:46:12 arable:PG:RGwith 0.93m ha of arable/TG and 0.85m ha PG and 2.79m ha RG, then final regional flat rates would be: arable = €152.9/ha and PG = €183.5/ha and RG rate = €14.1/ha

slide2

Option 1 – At full convergence, mandatory payments only – general effect

€m left for the new Basic Payments then if budgets were split 42:46:12 arable:PG:RGwith 0.93m ha of arable/TG, 0.85m ha of PG and 2.79m ha of RG, then area rates are €152.9/ha in arable, €183.5/ha in PG and €141.1/ha in RG.

If Greening budget is €153mand if Greening budget is split 42:46:12 then Greening rate in arable region = €69.5/ha and Greening rate in PG region = €83.5/ha and Greening RG region is €6.4/ha

At full convergence, using just the mandatory options:

Farm A (region 1): a 150ha arable farm would get:

Basic Payment 150 x 152.9 = €22,931 (68.7%)

Greening payment 150 x 69.5= €10,430 (31.3%)

So total direct payments = €33,361

Farm E (region 3): a 300ha extensive sheep farm would get:

Basic payment 300 x 141.1 = €4,242 (68.7%)

Greening payment 300 x 6.4 = €1,929 (31.3%)

So total direct payments = €6,172

Farm B (region 2): a 150halivestock farm with 50 cattle would get:

Basic Payment 150 x 183.5 = €27,530 (68.7%)

Greening payment 150 x 83.5 = €12,521 (31.3%)

So total direct payments = €40,052

Farm F (region 3): a 5000ha very extensive sheep farm would get:

Basic payment of 5000 x 141.1 = €70,705 (68.7%)

Greening payment of 5000 x 6.4 = €32,158 (31.3%)

So total direct payments = €102,863

Farm C (region 2): a 100ha farm with 50 calves would get:

Basic payment 100 x 183.5 = €18,353 (68.7%)

Greening payment 100 x 83.5 = €8,348 (31.3%)

So total direct payments = €26,701

Farm D (region 2): a 50ha farm with 50 calves would get:

Basic payment 50 x 183.5 = €9,177 (68.7%)

Greening payment 50 x 83.5 = €4,174 (31.3%)

So total direct payments = €13,351

slide3

Option 2: Mandatory payments plus VCS

Scotland’s national ceiling (100%) (eg €600m)

Flexibility – can transfer up to 15% P1 to P2 and review decision in 2017 but can then only increase the percentage transfer (eg 15% = €90m)

Revised Scottish national ceiling (85%) (eg €510m)

May use up to 10% for small farmer scheme (eg €51m)

Up to 30% optional French Redistribution Payment. Value depends on other options used.

Mandatory 30% deduction for Greening (eg €153m)

Up to 8% optional deduction for VCS (eg €40.8m)

May use 5% for optional P1 ANC support (eg €25.5m)

Up to 2% mandatory deduction for YF scheme (eg €10.2m)

Not used

These deductions account for 40% of the revised Scottish national ceiling

So 60% of revised Scottish ceiling left for Basic Payments (eg €306m)

3% (more if needed) of Basic Payment ceiling for National Reserve (eg €9.2m)

€296.8mleft for the new Basic Payments

Therefore a regional average flat rate in Scotland would be €65.1/ha.

If budgets were split 42:46:12 arable:PG:RGwith 0.93m ha of arable/TG and 0.85m ha PG and 2.79m ha RG, then final regional flat rates would be: arable = €134.9/ha and PG = €161.9/ha and RG rate = €12.5/ha

slide4

Option 2: At full convergence, mandatory payments plus VCS – general effect

€296.8mleft for the new Basic Payments then if budgets were split 42:46:12 arable:PG:RGwith 0.93m ha of arable/TG, 0.85m ha of PG and 2.79m ha of RG, then area rates are €134.9/ha in arable, €161.9/ha in PG and €12.5/ha in RG.

If Greening budget is €153mand if Greening budget is split 42:46:12 then Greening rate in arable region = €69.5/ha and Greening rate in PG region = €83.5/ha and Greening RG region is €6.4/ha

VCS front loaded on first 40 calves so €200/calf for first 40 and then €70/calf for subsequent calves.

At full convergence using mandatory options plus VCS option

Farm A (region 1): a 150ha arable farm would get:

Basic Payment 150 x 134.9 = €20,233 (66.0%)

Greening payment 150 x 69.5= €10,430 (34.0%)

So total direct payments = €30,663

Farm E (region 3): a 300ha extensive livestock farm would get

Basic payment 300 x = €3743 (26.0%)

Greening payment 300 x 6.4 = €1,929 (13.4%)

VCS = 40 x €200/calf + 10 x €70/calf = €8,700 (60.5%)

So total direct payments = €14,373

Farm B (region 2): a 150halivestock farm with 50 cattle would get

Basic Payment 150 x 134.9 = €24,291 (53.4%)

Greening payment 150 x 83.5 = €12,521 (27.5%)

VCS = 40 x €200/calf + 10 x €70/calf = €8,700 (19.1%)

So total direct payments = €45,513

Farm F (region 3): a 5000ha very extensive sheep farm would get:

Basic payment of 5000 x = €62,387 (66.0%)

Greening payment of 5000 x 6.4 = €32,158 (34.0%)

So total direct payments = €94,545

Farm C (region 2): a 100ha farm with 50 calves would get:

Basic payment 100 x 134.9 = €16,194 (48.7%)

Greening payment 100 x 83.5 = €8,348 (25.1%)

VCS = 40 x €200/calf + 10 x €70/calf = €8,700 (26.2%)

So total direct payments = €33,242

Farm D (region 2): a 50ha farm with 50 calves would get:

Basic payment 50 x 134.9 = €8,097 (38.6%)

Greening payment 50 x 83.5 = €4,174 (19.9%)

VCS = 40 x €200/calf + 10 x €70/calf = €8,700 (41.5%)

So total direct payments = €20,971

slide5

Option 3: Mandatory payments plus VCS plus Redistributive payments

Scotland’s national ceiling (100%) (eg €600m)

Flexibility – can transfer up to 15% P1 to P2 and review decision in 2017 but can then only increase the percentage transfer (eg 15% = €90m)

Revised Scottish national ceiling (85%) (eg €510m)

May use up to 10% for small farmer scheme (eg €51m)

Mandatory 30% deduction for Greening (eg €153m)

Up to 30% optional French Redistribution Payment. Value depends on other options used. (In this instance : €53.0m)

Up to 8% optional deduction for VCS (eg €40.8m)

Up to 2% mandatory deduction for YF scheme (eg €10.2m)

May use 5% for optional P1 ANC support (eg €25.5m)

These deductions could account for 50.4% of the revised Scottish national ceiling . (50.6% deductions = €257.0m)

Not used

So 49.6% of revised Scottish ceiling left for Basic Payments (eg €253m)

3% (more if needed) of Basic Payment ceiling for National Reserve (eg €7.59m)

€245mleft for the new Basic Payments

Therefore a regional average flat rate in Scotland would be €53.8/ha.

If budgets were split 42:46:12 arable:PG:RGwith 0.93m ha of arable/TG and 0.85m ha PG and 2.79m ha RG, then final regional flat rates would be: arable = €111.5/ha and PG = €133.9/ha and RG rate = €10.3/ha

slide6

Option 3: At full convergence, mandatory payments plus VCS plus Redistributive payments – general effects

€245mleft for the new Basic Payments then if budgets were split 42:46:12 arable:PG:RGwith 0.93m ha of arable/TG, 0.85m ha of PG and 2.79m ha of RG, then area rates are €111.5/ha in arable, €133.9/ha in PG and €10.3/ha in RG.

If Greening budget is €153mand if Greening budget is split 42:46:12 then Greening rate in arable region = €69.5/ha and Greening rate in PG region = €83.5/ha and Greening RG region is €6.4/ha

VCS front loaded on first 40 calves so €200/calf for first 40 and then €70/calf for subsequent calves.

French redistributive payment 65% top up of regional average on first 54 hectares, so Arable Region top up = €72.5/ha and PG top up = €87.0/ha and RG region top up is €6.7/ha

At full convergence using mandatory options plus VCS plus redistributive option

Farm A (region 1): a 150ha arable farm would get:

Basic Payment 150 x 111.5 = €16,731 (53.8%)

Greening payment 150 x 69.5= €10,430 (33.6%)

Redistributive payment = 54 x 72.5 = €3,915 (12.6%)

So total direct payments = €31,076

Farm E (region 3): a 300ha extensive livestock farm would get

Basic payment 300 x 10.3 = €3,095 (22.0%)

Greening payment 300 x 6.4 = €1,929 (13.7%)

VCS = 40 x €200/calf + 10 x €70/calf = €8,700 (61.8%)

Redistributive payment = 54 x 6.7 = €362 (2.6%)

So total direct payments = €14,087

Farm B (region 2): a 150halivestock farm with 50 cattle would get

Basic Payment 150 x 133.9 = €20,087 (43.7%)

Greening payment 150 x 83.5 = €12,521 (27.2%)

VCS = 40 x €200/calf + 10 x €70/calf = €8,700 (18.9%)

Redistributive payment = 54 x 87.0 = €4,700 (10.2%)

So total direct payments = €46,009

Farm F (region 3): a 5000ha very extensive sheep farm would get:

Basic payment of 5000 x 10.3 = €51,589 (61.3%)

Greening payment of 5000 x 6.4 = €32,158 (38.2%)

redistributive payment = 54 x 6.7 = €362 (0.4%)

So total direct payments = €84,109

Farm C (region 2): a 100ha farm with 50 calves would get

Basic payment 100 x 133.9 = €13,391 (38.1%)

Greening payment 100 x 83.5 = €8,348 (23.8%)

VCS = 40 x €200/calf + 10 x €70/calf = €8,700 (24.8%)

Redistributive payment = 54 x 87.0 = €4,700 (13.4%)

So total direct payments = €35,139

Farm D (region 2): a 50ha farm with 50 calves would get:

Basic payment 50 x 133.9 = €6,696 (28.0%)

Greening payment 50 x 83.5 = €4,174 (17.4%)

VCS = 40 x €200/calf + 10 x €70/calf = €8,700 (36.4%)

Redistributive payment = 50 x 87.0 = €4,352 (18.2%)

So total direct payments = €23,922

slide7

Option 4: Mandatory payments plus Redistributive payments (no VCS)

Scotland’s national ceiling (100%) (eg €600m)

Flexibility – can transfer up to 15% P1 to P2 and review decision in 2017 but can then only increase the percentage transfer (eg 15% = €90m)

Revised Scottish national ceiling (85%) (eg €510m)

May use up to 10% for small farmer scheme (eg €51m)

Up to 30% optional deduction for French redistributive payment (Scotland could only use 20% max)(eg €102m)

Up to 30% optional French Redistribution Payment. Value depends on other options used. (In this instance : €60.0m)

Mandatory 30% deduction for Greening (eg €153m)

Up to 2% mandatory deduction for YF scheme (eg €10.2m)

Up to 8% optional deduction for VCS (eg €40.8m)

May use 5% for optional P1 ANC support (eg €25.5m)

Not used

These deductions come to 43.8% of the revised Scottish ceiling (43.8% deductions = €223.2m)

So 56.2% of the revised Scottish ceiling left for basic payments (eg€286.8m)

3% (more if needed) of Basic Payment ceiling for National Reserve (eg €8.6m)

€278.2mleft for Basic Payments

Therefore a regional average flat rate in Scotland would be €61.0/ha.

If budgets were split 42:46:12 arable:PG:RGwith 0.93m ha of arable/TG and 0.85m ha PG and 2.79m ha RG, then final regional flat rates would be: arable = €126.4/ha and PG = €151.8/ha and RG rate = €11.7/ha

slide8

Option 4: Mandatory payments plus Redistributive payments (no VCS) general effects

€278.2mleft for the new Basic Paymentsthen if budgets were split 42:46:12 arable:PG:RGwith 0.93mha of arable/TG, 0.85mha of PG and 2.79mha of RG, then area rates are €126.4/ha in arable, €151.8/ha in PG and €11.7/ha in RG.

If Greening budget is €153mand if Greening budget is split 42:46:12 then Greening rate in arable region = €69.5/ha and Greening rate in PG region = €83.5/ha and Greening RG region is €6.4/ha

French redistributive payment 65% top up of regional average on first 54 hectares, so Arable Region top up = €82.2/ha, in PG top up is €98.7/ha and in the RG region top up is €7.6/ha

At full convergence using mandatory options plus redistributive option (no VCS)

Farm A (region 1): a 150ha arable farm would get:

Basic Payment 150 x 126.4 = €18,962 (56.1%)

Greening payment 150 x 69.5= €10,430 (30.8%)

Redistributive payment = 54 x 82.2 = €4,437 (13.1%)

So total direct payments = €33,829

Farm E (region 2): a 300ha extensive livestock farm would get

Basic payment 300 x 11.7 = €3,508 (60.0%)

Greening payment 300 x 6.4 = €1,929 (33.0%)

Redistributive payment = 54 x 7.4 = €410 (7.0%)

So total direct payments = €5,848

Farm B (region 1): a 150halivestock farm with 50 cattle would get

Basic Payment 150 x 151.8 = €22,765 (56.1%)

Greening payment 150 x 83.5 = €12,521 (30.8%)

Redistributive payment = 54 x 98.7 = €5,327 (13.1%)

So total direct payments = €40,613

Farm F (region 2): a 5000ha very extensive sheep farm would get:

Basic payment of 5000 x 11.7 = €58,467 (64.2%)

Greening payment of 5000 x 6.4 = €32,158 (35.3%)

Redistributive payment = 54 x 7.4 = €410 (0.5%)

So total direct payments = €91,036

Farm C (region 1): a 100ha farm with 50 calves would get

Basic payment 100 x 151.8 = €15,177 (52.4%)

Greening payment 100 x 83.5 = €8,348 (28.9%)

Redistributive payment = 54 x 98.7 = €5,327 (18.4%)

So total direct payments = €28,851

Farm D (region 1): a 50ha farm with 50 calves would get:

Basic payment 50 x 151.8 = €7,558 (45.5%)

Greening payment 50 x 83.5 = €4,174 (25.0%)

Redistributive payment = 54 x 98.7 = €4,932 (29.5%)

So total direct payments = €16,695

slide9

Comparison of relative positions at full convergence (based on 42:46:12 land type podium) assumptions set out in earlier diagrams)

Option 3

Mandatory + VCS +

Redistributive

Opt 4: Mandatory + Redistributive

Option 2

Mandatory payments + VCS

Option 1

Mandatory payments only

€30,663 (204.4/Ha)

€33,829 (225.5/Ha)

€33,361 (222.4/Ha)

Farm A (region 1) : a 150ha arable farm

€31,076 (207.1/Ha)

€45,513 (303.4/Ha)

€40,052 (267.0/Ha)

€46,009 (306.7/Ha)

€40,613 (270.8/Ha)

Farm B (region 2): a 150ha livestock farm with 50 calves

€26,701 (267.0/Ha)

€28,851 (288.5/Ha)

€33,242 (332.4/Ha)

Farm C (region 2): a 100ha livestock farm with 50 calves

€35,139 (351.3/Ha)

€20,971 (419.4/Ha)

€23,922 (478.4/Ha)

€16,695 (333.9/Ha)

Farm D (region 2): a 50ha livestock farm with 50 calves

€13,351 (267.0/Ha)

€5,848 (19.5/Ha)

€14,087 (47.0/Ha)

Farm E (region 3): a 300ha extensive livestock farm

€14,373 (47.9/Ha)

€6,172 (20.6/Ha)

€84,109 (16.8/Ha)

€91,036 (18.2/Ha)

€94,545 (18.9/Ha)

€102,863 (20.6/Ha)

Farm F (region 3): a 5000ha very extensive sheep farm