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The UK Millennium Cohort Study. The Long View: Longitudinal Studies in Scotland February 26 2004. Lisa Calderwood Centre for Longitudinal Studies Institute of Education, University of London. British Birth Cohort Studies. Previous UK/GB National Studies:

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the uk millennium cohort study

The UK Millennium Cohort Study

The Long View: Longitudinal Studies in Scotland

February 26 2004

Lisa Calderwood

Centre for Longitudinal Studies

Institute of Education, University of London

british birth cohort studies
British Birth Cohort Studies
  • Previous UK/GB National Studies:

1946: MRC National Survey of Health & Development

1958: National Child Development Study

1970: 1970 British Birth Cohort Study

  • MCS: the first national birth cohort study for 30 years 2000-1
  • 1958, 1970 & MCS based at IOE
objectives of mcs
Objectives of MCS
  • To chart the initial conditions of the social, economic and health advantages and disadvantages facing new children in the new century
  • To capture information for the future
  • To compare patterns of development with other cohorts
  • To collect information on previously neglected topics, such as father’s involvement, & child care …………./
objectives
…Objectives
  • To chart the experience of mothers and fathers
  • To emphasise intergenerational links
  • To investigate the wider social ecology of the family, including community and services, splicing in geo-coded data when available.
  • To provide evidence for the National Evaluation of Sure Start and of the Children’s Fund -in England.
mcs sponsors
MCS Sponsors
  • Economic & Social Research Council
  • ONS consortium of Government Departments:
    • ONS
    • DfES
    • DWP
    • DoH
    • Welsh Assembly
    • Scottish Executive
    • NI Executive
  • SureStart –National Evaluation in England
government funded enhancements
Government-funded enhancements
  • Boosted original sample size 15,000 to 20,000+
  • Extending first interview of mother and father
  • Incorporation of linkage of heath records & neighbourhood data
  • Further analyses and reports
  • Supplementary surveys of fertility treatment & Health Visitors
  • Survey of older siblings at age 3
design features of mcs
Design Features of MCS
  • Cohort born over 12 month period
    • Season of birth effects
    • Spread workload of professional interviewers
    • Sampling necessitated
  • Geographically clustered by electoral ward
    • Wards being disproportionately stratified
    • Better approach to issue of community & local services
  • Content multi-purpose & multidisciplinary but with greater emphasis on social rather than medical
mcs first survey fieldwork data
MCS First Survey Fieldwork & Data
  • Birth dates
    • England & Wales: September 2000 to Aug 2001
    • Scotland & N. Ireland:Dec 2000 to Jan 2002 (+ 6 weeks)
  • Fieldwork – child 9-10 months old
    • England & Wales: June 2001 to Aug 2002
    • Scotland & N. Ireland:September 2001 to Jan 2003
  • Data Archive Deposit: May 2003
elements and content of the first survey mother 75 mins
Interview

Self-completion

Elements and content of the first survey: Mother (75 mins)

Baby’s temperament & behaviour

Relationship with partner

Previous relationships

Domestic tasks

Previous pregnancies

Mental health

Attitudes to relationships, parenting, work, etc

Ethnicity & language

Baby’s father

Lone parenthood

Pregnancy, labour & delivery

Baby’s health & development

Childcare

Grandparents, friends & social support

Parental health

Education & training

Employment & earnings

Housing, local community & services

Time with & without the baby

Other interests

elements and content of the first survey father 30 mins
Interview

Self-Completion

Elements and content of the first survey: Father (30 mins)

Baby’s temperament & behaviour

Relationship with partner

Previous relationships

Children living elsewhere

Mental health

Attitudes to relationships, parenting, work, etc

Ethnicity & language

Father’s involvement with baby

Grandparents, friends & social support

Parental health

Education & training

Employment & earnings

Time with & without the baby

Other interests

mcs2 design fieldwork
MCS2: Design & Fieldwork
  • The second MCS survey is taking place around the time of the children’s third birthdays
  • The survey will follow all those 18553 families who took part in MCS1
  • Fieldwork started in September 2003 in England & Wales and in December 2003 in Scotland & Northern Ireland
  • MCS2 includes Mums (60 mins), Dads (17mins), the cohort children themselves (30mins) and older siblings
mcs2 elements of the survey
MCS2: Elements of the survey
  • Cognitive assessments
    • British Ability Scales (II)
    • Bracken Basic Concept Scale – Revised (BBCS-R)
  • Measurement of Height & Weight
  • Sample of Saliva (not for DNA purposes)
  • Interviewer observation of home environment & neighbourhood
  • Older Siblings
father s involvement in scotland
Father’s Involvement in Scotland
  • 88% of Fathers in Scotland (85% UK) look after the cohort child at least weekly and 66% of Fathers in Scotland (57% UK) change a nappy at least once a day.
  • Longitudinal Evidence
    • A strong father figure is associated with academic success (Flouri et al 2003)
    • Girls whose fathers are involved in their upbringing are less likely to have mental health problems in later life (Flouri and Buchanan 2002)
mcs1 a user s guide to initial findings
Household structure characteristics

Ethnic identity

Partnerships and parenthood

Wider family

Pregnancy, delivery and labour

Babies’ health and development

Parenting and parents’ psycho-social adjustment

Parents’ health

Parental employment and education

Child care

Income and Benefits

Housing and the area

Citizenship

MCS1: A User’s Guide to Initial Findings.
analysis possibilities
Analysis Possibilities
  • MCS1 now
  • MCS2 mid 2005
  • Cross cohort analysis
  • Cross source e.g. census,
  • International comparisons
    • Canada,
    • Australia
    • USA
    • Young Lives: Ethiopia, India, Vietnam, Peru
    • Scandinavia
mcs the future of data collection
MCS: The Future of Data collection
  • Future surveys are planned for:
    • Age 5 2005-6
    • Age 7 2007-8

etc…….

  • Possible future design elements
    • Obtain info on or from daycare provider at 3
    • At 5 and 7 Repeat interviews with resident parents
    • Repeat cognitive and behavioural assessments with children
    • Collect information from Schools?
    • Collect information on child’s hospital episodes?
useful websites for further information
Useful Websites for Further Information

http://www.cls.ioe.ac.uk/Cohort/MCS/mcsmain.htm

Millennium Cohort Study (MCS) Main page

Includes: Rationale, Surveys, MCS Launch, Data Archive, Documentation, Contact details

http://www.cls.ioe.ac.uk/Cohort/MCS/Publications/mainpubs.htm

Annual report, Conference Papers, Journal Articles

http://ioewebserver.ioe.ac.uk/ioe/cms/get.asp?cid=6186

Bedford Group (BG) on the Institute of Education (IoE) Website

http://ioewebserver.ioe.ac.uk/ioe/cms/get.asp?cid=6194&6194_0=8239

MCS on BG/IoE Website including the MCS Users Guide to Initial Findings (Descriptive Report)