Unit 2- A New Nation-Early America. Chapters 4 and 5. Bell Work. What is the importance of the Constitution? What kind of government does the U.S. have? What are the roles of our branches of government? List as many of the ten amendments as you can?
Chapters 4 and 5
What is the importance of the Constitution?
What kind of government does the U.S. have?
What are the roles of our branches of government?
List as many of the ten amendments as you can?
Who is known as ‘The father of the Constitution’?
What does it mean when people say the Constitution is ‘A living document’?
Without British rule, new governments must be created
The Articles of Confederation(1777-1787)
Draft constitutions with a bill of rights
Power to tax, create currency, militia, establish courts
First U.S. government
Each state gets one vote
Could declare war
Could make laws
Could make treaties
Create an army and navy
The Articles of Confederation proves to be too weak to govern the states
No power to tax
No authority over the states
Can’t not enforce the law
No executive or judicial branch
No national currency
No ability to regulate trade
Problems of the New Nation
Western Land Claims
State boundary disputes
Talk of secession
12 of 13 states
Throw out articles
Big vs. little- economic differences and slavery
Virginia Plan-James Madison
Basis for constitution
The Construction becomes the supreme law of the land
Founded a representative government-Republic
Federalism- a system which power is divided between states and federal government
Check and Balances
Separation of Powers
Popular sovereignty- people choose(not Senate or President)
The Document- A living document?
Elastic clause Article 1,section 8, 18
Taxes- Article 1, section 9, 4
Civil unrest- Article 4, section 4,
Supremacy Clause-Article 6, section 2
Slavery- Article 1, section 2, 3
Article 4, section 3
Preamble: establishes six goals of the U.S. government
To form a more perfect union
Insure domestic tranquility
Provide for the common defense
Promote the general welfare
Secure the blessing of liberty to ourselves and our posterity
The founding felt the best way to prevent the abuse of power was to divide it.
Federalism: Reserved and Concurrent powers between state and national government
Supremacy Clause: Article VI: states the constitution is the “Supreme law of the land”, national supersedes state law
What are 3 powers of the national and state governments?
What are 3 shared powers?
Checks and Balances: System to limit the powers of each branch.
9 of 13 states are needed to pass the Constitution
Ratification proves to be a difficult process
Support the constitution
Washington, Franklin, Madison, Hamilton, John Jay
Write The Federalist Papers
Patrick Henry, Jefferson, Samuel Adams
Feared a stronger national government
Wanted a clear bill of rights
The Constitution is ratified in 1788 with the guarantee of a bill of rights
James Madison drafts a copy
Passed in 1791
Refers the first ten- today there are 27
Page 102- Copy down the first 10
The founding fathers feared direct democracy by an uninformed mob
Instead of direct democracy they choose the Electoral College
538 electors vote for President!!
Why do we still have this system?
Should the Electoral College system of electing President continue or be replaced?
Your answer should include specific reasons to support your position.
Due Friday-20 points
30 points- Content of information, on-time, presentation, picture
Research two key figure during the 1800s (no presidents)
Give a brief power point presentation on your people (2 slides minimum, 2 pictures )
Provide background information on your person and explain their role in American History
What do they do? Why are they important? What impact to they have on history?
Picture- matted on paper, picture-name, dates, one paragraph minimum summary of person
Presentation start next Tuesday, Pictures due Tuesday
Name the first four Presidents of the United States
List any events you know of in American History from 1789-1815
List two advantages and disadvantages of political parties
Birth of Political Parties
Farewell Address: Advice to the Nation
Alliances and foreign wars
Huge national debt
Overpowering military establishment
Importance of civic duty, morality, religion
“Revolution of 1800”-peaceful transfer of power
Democratic-Republican(V.P. Aaron Burr)
Less government-Common man
Marbury v. Madison-Judicial Review
Neutral- Embargo of 1807-hurts U.S. economy
Purchase from France
15 million or 4 cents an acre
Doubles the nation
Lewis and Clark Expedition-Sacajawea
Opens to door to the west and sets America’s future path
Democratic – Republican
Guides America through the War of 1812
Read Chapter 4 section 3 pages 112-118 and Chapter 5, section pages 130-135
Quiz Wednesday on the reading and the notes from last week(Articles and Constitution)
5th President-James Monroe (1817-1825)
Improves America’s role as the dominant power of North America
Greatly aided by his Secretary of State-John Quincy Adams(6th President)
Rush-Bagot Treaty(1817)-Disarms the Great Lakes
Adams-Onis Treaty(1819)-Spain cedes Florida to the U.S.
When did America become an international power?
Monroe Doctrine- Closes the western hemisphere to European colonization
Backed by American threat of force
In a small group, come up with a list of possible solutions for Native Americans in dealing with the Americans.
Which one would you choose?
Tecumseh is a Shawnee Chief
Goal is to resist American expansion
Create a sovereign Indian Nation in the Ohio/ Great Lakes Region
Attempts to build a unified Native American resistance
His brother preaches a message of cultural revival
Primary Source Reading(class)
Born poor, rises through the army
Battle of New Orleans/Fights Creeks and Seminoles in Florida(invades)
Loses election of 1824 ‘Corrupt Bargain’
1829-1837 Elected the 7th President of the U.S.(Democrat)
Best known for……..
Champion of the common man
Destroying the National Bank
Excessive Presidential Power
Pushed by President Jackson, the act gave him the power to negotiate removal treaties of all Native American nations east of the Mississippi River.
Jackson uses the act to force nations to sign over their land in exchange for land in the west(Present day Oklahoma/Kansas)
Fight through the court system
Worchester v. Georgia
Chief Justice John Marshall rules the Cherokee can stay, sovereign nation
Jackson- “Let him enforce it”
How do the Americans promote Native American assimilation?
How do the Cherokee assimilate?
Why do the Americans want the Cherokee land?
Why do the Cherokee believe they have a good relationship with President Jackson?
Explain the difference between John Ross and Major Ridge opinion’s on how to resist removal.
What was the U.S. governments purpose for the removal?
What does the Indian Removal Act eventually create in the U.S.?
Why is the Indian Removal Act important for every American to know about?
1.What does President Jefferson hope Native Americans will do?
2. How does assimilation impact native tribes?
3. What role does William Henry Harrison play in these events.
4. At what battle does Tecumseh die? What dies with him?
Cherokee Primary sources
Read documents A,B,C,D and answer the questions for each document
Your group will read one section, summarize the key information and share your information with another group.
From Farms to Factories
Politics and the Economy
Primary Source-Doing Business in America