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Clogged Artery Cleanup. Clean Your Arteries and Save Yourself!. Each team is responsible for their half of the heart, right or left. Every correct answer removes some fatty plaque that can clog arteries and cause a myocardial infarction.

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clogged artery cleanup

Clogged Artery Cleanup

Clean Your Arteries and Save Yourself!

rules

Each team is responsible for their half of the heart, right or left.

  • Every correct answer removes some fatty plaque that can clog arteries and cause a myocardial infarction.
    • Each person who answers correctly gets an outstanding coupon and picks a member of the opposing team to compete for the next question by calling out a number.
    • Those two battle each other. The winner chooses another opponent from the other team.
    • BEWARE – four behaviors can automatically cause a massive heart attack thereby killing the chooser, so choose wisely.
  • Be the first team to flush out their artery by removing all the plaques and save their life!
    • Every team member gets an outstanding coupon.
Rules
slide3

Heart

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slide4

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QUESTION: What is the structure/area labeled #4

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1

slide5

ANSWER: left atrium

BACK TO HEART

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slide6

QUESTION: Outline the pathway of the electrical conduction in the heart which causes a contraction.

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slide7

ANSWER:

SA (sinoatrial) node

AV (atrioventricular) node

AV (atrioventricular) bundle/bundle of His

Bundle branches

Purkinje fibers

BACK TO Heart

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immediate death

Oh no! You overeat saturated fats and cholesterol and are obese! You die from a massive myocardial infarction!

IMMEDIATE DEATH

BACK TO Heart

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slide10

ANSWER: myocardium.

BACK TO heart

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slide14

ANSWER: The thigh.

BACK TO heart

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slide15

QUESTION: What divides the left and right sides of the heart preventing O2-rich and O2-poor blood from mixing?

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slide16

ANSWER: the septum

BACK TO heart

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slide18

ANSWER:

1. Neural

2. Renal

3. Temperature

4. Chemicals

5. Diet

BACK TO heart

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slide20

ANSWER: tunica intima

BACK TO heart

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slide22

ANSWER: Atrial fibrillation is when the atria flutters uncoordinatedly instead of contracting simultaneously with the ventricles.

BACK TO heart

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slide24

QUESTION: A person whose blood pressure reading of 170/100 is considered to have what disorder?

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slide26

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QUESTION: The heart structure labeled #9.

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slide31

ANSWER: Cardiomyopathy is when the myocardium (cardiac muscle) is thickened due to excess work. It is dangerous because it can lead to heart failure.

BACK TO heart

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slide33

ANSWER: It is located in the upper right atrium and it’s called the sinoatrial node.

BACK TO heart

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slide34

QUESTION: What and where are the two most common pulse points that medical professionals use?

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slide35

ANSWER:

1. Radial pulse in the wrist

2. Carotid pulse in the neck

BACK TO heart

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slide36

QUESTION: Name the 5 different types of blood vessels in order of size as blood leaves the aorta.

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slide37

ANSWER:

Artery

Arteriole

Capillary

Venuole

Vein

BACK TO heart

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slide45

ANSWER:

1. Sympathetic NS (crisis mode or low blood pressure)

2. Hormones (epinephrine & thyroxine)

3. Exercise

4. Decreased blood volume

5. Fever

BACK TO heart

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slide49

ANSWER: femoral vein

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BACK TO heart

slide50

So sad! You are a chronic alcoholic and develop mitral valve stenosis. You die a slow, painful death.

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BACK TO heart

slide52

ANSWER:

1. Valvular stenosis – valve doesn’t open all the way

2. Valvular insufficiency – valve doesn’t close all the way

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BACK TO heart

slide54

ANSWER: A defect in the structure of the heart during formation in the first few weeks of development.

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BACK TO heart

slide56

ANSWER: 4th

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BACK TO heart

slide59

QUESTION: Trace the pathway of the blood through the heart from when it enters from the vena cava until it leaves to the lungs. Include the valves.

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slide60

ANSWER:

From vena cava

To right atrium

through tricuspid valve

Into right ventricle

Through pulmonary semilunar valve

Out pulmonary trunk/artery

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BACK TO heart

slide62

ANSWER: the arm.

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BACK TO heart

slide64

ANSWER: Tachycardia is when the heart contracts at least 100 beats per minute during rest.

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BACK TO heart

slide67

QUESTION: In which blood vessel are the nutrients and gases actually delivered to the systemic tissues?

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slide68

ANSWER: capillaries

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BACK TO heart

slide70

ANSWER:

  • Chest pressure, tightness, and heaviness
  • Pain in shoulders, neck, jaw, or arms
  • Lightheadedness
  • Fainting
  • Paleness
  • Sweating
  • Nausea
  • Shortness of breath with or without chest pain

35

BACK TO heart

slide71

1

QUESTION: What is the structure/area labeled #12?

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slide74

ANSWER: arterioles

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BACK TO heart

slide76

ANSWER: To deliver nutrients and O2 to body tissues and to remove wastes like CO2 to the lungs for export.

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BACK TO heart

slide77

Great. You have the most stressful job out there – an air traffic control officer. You are hypertensive and suffer an enlarged heart due to cardiac myopathy.

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BACK TO heart

slide79

ANSWER: Atherosclerosis is the buildup of waxy/fatty plaque in the blood vessels. It’s dangerous for two reasons: 1.it can block the flow of blood, therefore O2 and cause a heart attack; 2. it can cause thrombosis or embolism.

40

BACK TO heart

slide81

ANSWER: The aorta.

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BACK TO heart

slide82

QUESTION: In a blood pressure reading of 120/80, which number represents the diastolic pressure?

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slide83

ANSWER: 80

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BACK TO heart

slide86

1

QUESTION: The heart structure labeled #13.

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slide91

ANSWER:

46

BACK TO heart