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Coronary Artery

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Coronary Artery - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Coronary Artery

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Presentation Transcript

  1. Coronary Artery Disease

  2. Causes of Coronary Heart Disease • Coronary heart disease is caused by the build up of fatty deposits on your artery walls. • Coronary heart disease is more common in older people. Up to the age of 65, it's more common in men than women. Factors that increase your risk of developing coronary heart disease include: • smoking • being overweight, especially if you have excess fat around your tummy • an inactive lifestyle • diabetes • high blood pressure • high cholesterol

  3. Blocked Coronary Artery

  4. Symptoms of Coronary Heart Disease • Angina • Symptoms include: • discomfort or a tightening across your upper • pain radiating to your neck, jaw, throat, back or arms for a few minutes, disappearing quickly after resting • breathlessness • sweatiness

  5. Symptoms of Coronary Heart Disease • Heart attack • Most heart attacks cause severe pain in the centre of your chest and can feel like very bad indigestion. Symptoms include: • a feeling of heaviness, squeezing or crushing in the centre of your chest • pain may spread to your arms, neck, jaw, face, back or stomach, lasting for hours • loss of consciousness • sweatiness and breathlessness • feeling or being sick

  6. Diagnoses of Coronary Heart Disease • Blood tests. • Electrocardiogram (ECG) • Echocardiogram • A coronary angiogram • Radionuclide tests • Chest X-ray. • MRI scan. • Electrophysiological tests

  7. measures shows Electro- cardiogram Stress Test measures Coronary Angiography specific blood electrical coronaries to heart Sites of impulses supply Narrowing in Screening and Diagnosis

  8. Treatment of Coronary Heart Disease • Medicines • Anti-platelet medicines such as aspirin. • Cholesterol-lowering medicines, such as statins. • Beta-blockers. • Calcium channel blockers. • Anticoagulants. • ACE inhibitors. • Nitrates. • Anti-arrhythmic medicines.

  9. Prevention of Coronary Heart Disease • Coronary heart disease can be prevented in most people by adopting a healthy lifestyle. • You can reduce your chance of having a heart attack by: • not smoking • losing excess weight • doing regular physical activity, for 30 minutes at least five days a week • eating a low fat and high fiber diet with five portions of fruit and vegetables a day and two portions of fish (one oily) a week • not exceeding four units of alcohol a day for men or three units for women

  10. Keep the Beat • Thank You Everyone For Watching • Hope You Enjoyed!! • Done By: Ansimoun Emil, Shery Mamdouh and Yomna Gamal • Grade 9 IGCSE