TRAUMA TO THE HEAD. TRAUMA TO THE SCALP (LACERATIONS) 2.TRAUMA TO THE SCALP ( FRACTURES) 3.TRAUMA TO BRAIN CONTUSIONS LACERATIONS HEMORRHAGE Prof. C. E. Connolly. SCALP.
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TRAUMA TO THE SCALP (LACERATIONS)
2.TRAUMA TO THE SCALP
3.TRAUMA TO BRAIN
Prof. C. E. Connolly
2.Subdural: Blood between Dura and Brain.
3. Subarachnoid: Blood beneath the Leptomeninges due to a ruptured Berry Aneurysm or Trauma – RTA or Blow to side fo the upper neck ( Karate Chop!)
Slow bleeding with gradual separation of Dura from Bone over period of 6-12 Hours .
Accumulation of a large Hematoma
Hematoma may draw in CSF from
subarachnoid space below
2. Head-in-Motion Injury
Falls, RTA’s, Boxers, etc.
(No fractures) (Tearing of veins)
Diffuse Axonal Injury (D.A.I)
(Shearing of Axons) (90% due to RTA’s)
Blunt Impact ( Fist , Fall etc.)
Diffuse Axonal Damage
Sub Dural Haem. due to rupture of
vessels in subdural space.