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Bellringer:. Create a Frayer Model for either the word “Sedition” and “Espionage”. Cornell Notes: Instructional Statements. I will receive instruction on . . . Changes in American society as a result of U.S. entry to WWI . I will have mastered the concept when I can . . .

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Presentation Transcript
bellringer
Bellringer:
  • Create a Frayer Model for either the word “Sedition” and “Espionage”
cornell notes instructional statements
Cornell Notes:Instructional Statements
  • I will receive instruction on . . .
    • Changes in American society as a result of U.S. entry to WWI.
  • I will have mastered the concept when I can . . .
    • Create a graphic organizer depicting the changes in American Society resulting from U.S. entry to WWI.
essential question
Essential Question
  • What changes occurred in American society as a result of U.S. entry to World War I?
the great war home front 1917 1918

The Great War: Home Front1917 – 1918

PowerPoint by Mr. Hataway

10/21/2012

US History, Unit 04 Lesson: 03

economy
Economy
  • Food Administration (1917)
    • Headed by Herbert Hoover
    • Increased agricultural output
    • encourage Americans to conserve food
    • Recruited labor/organized labor
economy1
Economy
  • Financing war
    • “Liberty Bonds” and “Victory Bonds”
      • loan to the government
    • used famous artists to make posters; movie stars to host bond rallies.
      • Al Jolson, Mary Pickford, Douglas Fairbanks and Charlie Chaplin.
new opportunities
New Opportunities
  • Women
    • 18th Amendment (1920) Prohibition
    • 19th Amendment (1920) Suffrage
new opportunities1
New Opportunities
  • African Americans
    • Great Migration – jobs in the North
    • Race riots
suppressing dissent
Suppressing Dissent
  • Espionage Act (1917)
    • Illegal to interfere with military recruiting;
    • or disclosure of information dealing with national defense
suppressing dissent1
Suppressing Dissent
  • Sedition Act (1918)
    • outlawed speaking out against the government;
    • or American involvement in World War I.
suppressing dissent2
Suppressing Dissent
  • Constitutional Issues:

Schenckv. the United States (1919)

    • Supreme Court ruling limiting individual’s freedom of speech if words spoken constitute a “clear and present danger.”

- Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes

total war
TOTAL WAR
  • Selective Service Act (1917)
    • Drafted men age 21 to 30 (later 18 to 45)
    • Put 3 million men into uniform
total war1
TOTAL WAR
  • John J. “Black Jack” Pershing
    • Graduate of West Point
    • Fought in Spanish-American War
    • Led the American Expeditionary Force in WWI Europe.
    • Pursued Pancho Villa in Mexico, unsuccessfully.
total war2
TOTAL WAR
  • Trench warfare in Argonne Forest
    • a.k.a. the Meuse-Argonne Offensive.
    • Part of the final Allied offensive of World War I
total war3
TOTAL WAR
  • Alvin York
    • Led attack on German machine gun nest.
    • Captured 132 others.
    • Awarded the Medal of Honor.
    • Most decorated soldier of WWI.
total war4
TOTAL WAR
  • New weapons and strategies
isolationism or intervention
Isolationism or Intervention?
  • Wilson’s 14 Points – Plan for Peace
    • Open diplomacy
    • Freedom of the seas
    • Removal of international trade barriers
    • Reduction in armaments
    • Self-determination for nationalities
    • Return of Alsace-Lorraine to France
    • Last point – create League of Nations
isolationism or intervention1
Isolationism or Intervention?
  • League of Nations
    • International organization which the U.S. would play a large role
    • End to U.S. isolationism
    • U.S. participation required ratification of Treaty of Versailles
isolationism or intervention2
Isolationism or Intervention?
  • Treaty of Versailles
    • Forced Germany to accept responsibility for causing the war
      • Pay reparations ($33 billion)
    • Germany loses all African colonies
isolationism or intervention4
Isolationism or Intervention?
  • American Opposition to the Versailles Treaty
    • Henry Cabot Lodge & The Republican Senate
    • Wilson travels across America to win support; suffers a stroke (Sept. 1919)
    • Senate rejects Versailles Treaty (Jan. 1920)