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Where did it come from? • Developed as a field of study 1800s • Several factors led to its creation: • Social changes • Population growth • Housing shortages • Political changes • Both a result of the Industrial Revolution • Home factory • Pollution • Growth of factories growth of cities • Behavior patterns start to change • Adapting to urban life • Patterns studied = early sociology • America The Story of US= 28min.
Notable sociologists • Early European • Auguste Comte • Father of Sociology • Harriet Martineau • Herbert Spencer • “survival of the fittest” • Karl Marx • Communist Manifesto • Late European • Emile Durkheim • Max Weber • Americans • Jane Addams • Hull House • W.E.B. Du Bois
Karl Marx • Teacher turned radical writer • Moved from place to place because of his views on government. • No one wanted him to live in their country • Structure of society dictated by how its economy is organized. • Society divided into 2 classes: • Bourgeoisie • Proletariat
Bourgeoisie vs. proletariat • Bourgeoisie • Aka capitalists • Own the means to produce goods • Proletariat • Aka workers • Own the labor needed to produce goods • Imbalance would lead to conflict • Proletariat should overthrow bourgeoisie • Revolution speeds up change • Led to sociological perspective= Conflict Theory