sociology of the city l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Sociology of the City PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Sociology of the City

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 11

Sociology of the City - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 393 Views
  • Uploaded on

Sociology of the City Revision Week WK 2 Urbanisation Origins of Cities – 6-10k years ago Ancient Cities – (Sjoberg) Urban Revolution – (Childe) Early Western & Classical Cities (Greco-Roman era)

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

Sociology of the City


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
wk 2 urbanisation
WK 2 Urbanisation
  • Origins of Cities – 6-10k years ago
  • Ancient Cities – (Sjoberg)
  • Urban Revolution – (Childe)
  • Early Western & Classical Cities (Greco-Roman era)
  • Decline of Urbanisation (Middle ages) to rise of pre-industrial Cities (Renaissance city of late Middle Ages)
  • Modernity, Capilalism, Industrialisation & Urbanisation
  • Postmodern (post-industrial) Cities
wk 3 key themes approaches
WK 3 Key Themes & Approaches
  • Historical – Sjoberg, Childe, Mumford
  • Early Urban Reformers – Booth, Rowntree, Mayhew, Engels (UK) Adams, Riis (USA)
  • Modernity & Political Economy: Weber*, Durkheim, Marx & Engels*, Veblen, Benjamin, Tönnies, Simmel*
  • Urban Sociology:
  • The Ecological Approach: The ‘Chicago School’ of Park, Burgess, Wirth et al.
  • Late 1960’s onwards New Urban Sociology:
  • Urban Political Economy: Lefebvre,
  • Conflict & Capital Accumulation - Castells, Harvey,
  • Urban ‘Growth Machine’ Logan & Molotch
  • Globalization & World Cities: Sassen, Hall
  • The Socio-Spatial Approach: Gottdiener & Hutchison
  • (See also Contemporary Cultural/Postmodern Approaches: Zukin, Sennett, Bourdieu, Habermas, Foucault, Derrida, Baudrillard, Hannigan)
wk4 the social map
WK4 The Social Map
  • ‘Homo Sociologicus’ & the privileging of the external
  • Sociology, Psychology & Biology
  • Social Construction or ‘Co-construction’
  • The Social Map - Social Classification, Cognitive Parsimony & Routinisation, Emotion, Complexity Reduction: Reciprocal Constraint & Reciprocal Reinforcement, The ‘Janus Self’ (Homogeneity & Heterogeneity), Power Relations (Ideology, Inertia & Dependency)
  • Urban Settings – Complexity, Functional Organisation (Bureaucracy & Specialisation) Social Interaction & Social Control (Reciprocal Constraint & Reciprocal Reinforcement, ‘Civil Inattention’ ,The ‘Civilising Process’, Regimentation, Mass Media, Authority & Surveillance)
  • Over-rationalisation (environment and interaction) (consumer culture)
wk5 urbanism 1 city and lost community
WK5 Urbanism 1 – City and (Lost?) Community
  • Theme – Greater Freedom v. Greater Isolation, Social Disorganisation & Estrangement
  • Defining Community
  • Rural to Urban – Durkheim, Tonnies etc.
  • Simmel - ‘Metropolis and Mental Life’
  • Wirth – ‘The Urban Way of Life’
  • Gans – ‘Urban Villagers’
  • Suburbia & the Suburban Way of Life
  • Putnam – ‘Bowling Alone’
wk6 urbanism 2 city identity transformed community
WK6 Urbanism 2 – City, Identity & (transformed) Community
  • New Forms of Selfhood- Ascribed, Simple ID to Achieved, Complex ID, Expanded Roles & Interactions
  • Dominance of ‘the Visual’ – Simmel, Veblen, Benjamin, Foucault, Goffman
  • Consumption & Urban ID
  • Benjamin – ‘Arcades Project’, ‘City Sketches’, the Flaneur
  • Time – ‘Night Life’/ 24 hr society – )(see Melbin, Chatterton & Holland) – Hedonism & Play
  • Civilisation & Social Control – Elias, Foucault, Bourdieu
  • Urban society as ‘Imagined Community’ – Anderson (see also Kornhauser & ‘Mass Society’)
  • Media & Imagined Community/Mass Society – Celebs, Moral Panics (Cohen ) & Urban Myths
  • Media Reception – Hypodermic & Active Models
  • Sub- Cultures & New Forms Of Community – Fischer, Bellah, Maffesoli
wk 7 stratification inequality spatial segregation
WK 7 Stratification, Inequality & Spatial Segregation
  • Urban Social Classes (change from rural order)
  • Capitalist commodification of labour/space
  • Laissez Faire/Social Darwinism & Uneven Development
  • Studies of Early Urban Inequality: (UK) Booth Mayhew, Rowntree, Engels (US) Riis, Veblen, Adams
  • Late 19th & Early 20th C. Social Strife – Rent Strikes, Unions, Reform
  • Keynesian Restructuring of Capitalism (Post 1930’s)
  • Ethnic & Gender Divisions
  • Late Modernity (from mid ’70’s) – return to (neo) classical economics/marketisation
  • Urban Polarisation: A Growing Gap? – Wealth, Income, Housing
  • Gentrification & Ghettoization? – Competition, Displacement, Fragmentation, Polarisation, Underclass, Gating
wk8 urban disorder crime deviance surveillance and social control
WK8 Urban Disorder, Crime, Deviance, Surveillance and Social Control
  • ‘The Dangerous Classes’ (19th C.) – Segregation, Religion, Temperance & ‘Rational Recreation’
  • Causes of Urban Crime - Individual Deviance/ Immorality, Anomie, Alienation, Social Disorganisation, Compositional Factors, Subcultures, Culture of Poverty & Underclass Norms, Uneven Development and Scale, Disadvantage, ‘Racial Disparity’, (Hyper) Segregation, Isolation, Media & Difference
  • Causes of Urban Crime – Strain Theories – Merton and others
  • Opportunity & Insecurity (Savage et al)
  • Forms of Urban Crime & Deviance
  • Civil Disorder & Riot – Collective Strain?
  • The New ‘Dangerous’ Classes?
  • Social Control, Law & Order – Policing & Prisons
  • Social Control & Surveillance Society - Mass Media & Governmentality – Surveillance Society (Lyon)
wk9 urban governance politics
WK9 Urban Governance & Politics
  • Power, Politics & Policy
  • The Structure of Urban Politics
  • Theories of Urban Governance – Elite Theories/ Public Choice/ Urban Political Economy/Urban ‘Growth’ Machine/Urban Regime Theory/Consensus
  • Changing Nature of Urban Governance
  • Urban ‘Democracy’ – Corruption, ‘Machine Politics’ & ‘Bossism’
  • Urban Governance & ‘Collective Consumption’ (Castells)
  • Challenge to Collective Consumption (1970’s onwards)
  • Political Participation (Local Elections) – understanding declining turnout – ‘no need’, ‘no point’, privatisation, ‘secessionism’, centralisation, globalization
  • Filling the Gap: Urban Social Movements
  • Metropolitan Social Policy: The Ongoing Debate (liberal social intervention v conservative market intervention)
  • Social Justice (Harvey, 1973)
wk 10 modern postmodern spaces and places
WK 10 Modern & Postmodern ‘Spaces and Places’
  • The sociological distinction between ‘space’ and ‘place’
  • Lefebvre – Space as Experienced, Perceived & Imagined
  • Harvey – ‘Created Spaces’
  • Topophilia; Space, Place, Emotion, Authenticity - Yi Fu Tuan
  • Rational Society & The Rationalisation of Urban Space (see ‘Disenchantment’, Weber)
  • Urban Planning – ‘Grand Visions’ – Howard’s Garden City (1890’s onwards), Le Corbusier’s Rational/Geometric City (1920’s +)
  • Modern Cities - High Rise, Homogeneity & Disenchantment, Garden Suburbs, ‘New Towns’, Sprawl, MMR
  • New Urbanism – traditional neighbourhood design/ anti-modernist anti - sprawl etc. (see Jacobs)
  • Postmodern City (Derrida, Foucault, Baudrillard) & ‘Fantasy City’ (Hannigan) – Re-enchantment of space?
  • Global Cities – Homogeneity, Rational/Functional Spaces with ‘Enchanted’ Veneer, Glocalization
wk 11 global city
WK 11 Global City
  • Defining Globalization – see also Robertson’s phases of globalization
  • ‘The World City’ (Friedmann), ‘The Global City’ (Sassen), ‘Information City’ & ‘Space of Flows’ (Castells)
  • Restructuring the Economy of the Global City: ‘Developed’ Economies – Deindustrialisation (shift to IT, Financial Services and other forms of Commercial/Service industry)
  • The Global Labour Market & The New Migrant City – ‘Offshoring/’Inshoring’ - Global Movements & Migrant Cities
  • Life & Work in Global City (Developed) : Polarisation (Sassen), ‘Brazilianization’ (Beck), Flexibility, End of Work ( Rifkin)
  • Life & Work in Global City (Developing) : Rapid Industrialisation ,Rapid Urbanisation, Growth, Uneven Development & Expanding Inequality, Select Settlements & Shanty Towns
  • The Future of The Global Urban Society? Global Megalopolis – Utopia or Dystopia? Continuing Polarisation & Segregation or New Consensus? Urban Governance & Politics. New Community & Social Order or Social Disorganisation & Authoritarianism? (see Mellor, 1989)