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Introduction to Music. Fundamentals of Music. Definition of Music Time ordered by sound Elements of Music Timbre Meter/Tempo Texture Context Emotion. Timbre. Definition – The physical sound produced by instruments. Categories of Instruments Stringed Woodwind Brass Percussion

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fundamentals of music
Fundamentals of Music
  • Definition of Music
    • Time ordered by sound
  • Elements of Music
    • Timbre
    • Meter/Tempo
    • Texture
    • Context
    • Emotion
timbre
Timbre
  • Definition – The physical sound produced by instruments
  • Categories of Instruments
    • Stringed
    • Woodwind
    • Brass
    • Percussion
    • Keyboard
    • Electronics
    • Voice
meter
Meter
  • Meter – how individual beats are grouped
    • Duple: Two or Four Beats
    • Triple: Three Beats (Usually dance music)
    • Unmeasured: No perceptible beat
  • Can you find the beat?
tempo
Tempo
  • Tempo – the relative speed of music
    • Fast (Presto, Allegro, & Andante)
    • Slow (Adagio, Lento, & Largo)
  • Is the music fast or slow?
    • Fast (Presto)
tempo1
Tempo
  • Tempo – the relative speed of music
    • Fast (Presto, Allegro, & Andante)
    • Slow (Adagio, Lento, & Largo)
  • Is the music fast or slow?
    • Slow (Largo)
tempo2
Tempo
  • Tempo – the relative speed of music
    • Fast (Presto, Allegro, & Andante)
    • Slow (Adagio, Lento, & Largo)
  • Is the music fast or slow?
    • Pretty Fast (Allegro)
texture
Texture
  • Monophony “One Sound”
    • A single unaccompanied melody
texture1
Texture
  • Polyphony “Many Sounds”
    • Two or more simultaneous melodies
texture2
Texture
  • Homophony
    • A single melody with accompaniment
texture3
Texture
  • Heterophony
    • Different melodies create a single composite melody
    • Rarely used in Western music
context
Context

Examples:

  • Most music of the middle ages was commissioned by the church.
  • Beethoven wrote a song about indigestion.
  • When Mozart wrote his music several modern instruments weren’t invented yet and orchestras were much smaller.
  • Lady Gaga is an alien.
emotion
Emotion
  • What feelings or emotions do you have while listening to the piece?
  • If this was in a movie, what action would it go with?
  • How does this picture reflect the piece?