Mrs. Johnston’s Bio 30 Class - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Mrs. Johnston’s Bio 30 Class

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  1. Mrs. Johnston’s Bio 30 Class Concepts to Remember

  2. Concepts to Remember H He Li Be B C N O F Ne Na Mg Al Si P S Cl Ar K Ca Sc Ti V Cr Mn Fe Co Ni Cu Zn Ga Ge As Se Br Kr Rb Sr Y Zr Nb Mo Tc Ru Rh Pd Ag Cd In Sn Sb Te I Xe Cs Ba La Hf Ta W Re Os Ir Pt Au Hg Tl Pb Bi Po At Rn Fr Ra Ac Rf Ha Sg Ns Hs Mt 110 111 112 113 Ce Pr Nd Pm Sm Eu Gd Tb Dy Ho Er Tm Yb Lu Th Pa U Np Pu Am Cm Bk Cf Es Fm Md No Lr Periodic Table Completed

  3. Problem #1: Hydrogen Question What is the sugar found in DNA? Answer Deoxyribose Return to Periodic Table

  4. Problem #2: Helium Question When DNA replicates, what is the result? Answer 2 identical strands of DNA Return to Periodic Table

  5. Problem #3: Lithium Question What does a nucleotide consists of? (3 parts) Answer 5 Carbon sugar, a phosphate group, a nitrogenous base Return to Periodic Table

  6. Problem #4: Beryllium Question All amino acids contain which 4 elements? Answer Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen Return to Periodic Table

  7. Problem #5: Boron Question What are the 4 nitrogenous bases of RNA? Answer Cytosine, Guanine, Adenine, Uracil Return to Periodic Table

  8. Problem #6: Carbon Question What are the 4 nitrogenous bases of DNA? Answer Cytosine, Guanine, Adenine, Thymine Return to Periodic Table

  9. Problem #7: Nitrogen Question Most of a cell’s enzymes have the chemical structure of a __________ . Answer Protein Return to Periodic Table

  10. Problem #8: Oxygen Question Give an example of a lipid. Answer Fats, oils, waxes, triglyceride, diglyceride, monoglyceride Return to Periodic Table

  11. Problem #9: Fluorine Question What are the 4 major organic molecules (macromolecules) in Biology? Answer Proteins, Lipids, Carbohydrates, Nucleic acids Return to Periodic Table

  12. Problem #10: Neon Question Glucose is a/an ____________saccharide? Answer mono Return to Periodic Table

  13. Problem #11: Sodium Question What are the building blocks of carbohydrates? Answer Monosaccharides (i.e. glucose) Return to Periodic Table

  14. Problem #12: Magnesium Question Which polysaccharide is a long-term energy storage molecule for animals? Answer glycogen Return to Periodic Table

  15. Problem #13: Aluminum Question What are 2 structural polysaccharides? Answer Cellulose and Chitin Return to Periodic Table

  16. Problem #14: Silicon Question What are the building blocks of proteins? Answer Amino Acids Return to Periodic Table

  17. Problem #15: Phosphorus Question What are the building blocks of lipids? Answer Fatty acids and Glycerol Return to Periodic Table

  18. Problem #16: Sulfur Question What are the building blocks of Nucleic Acids? Answer Nucleotides Return to Periodic Table

  19. Problem #17: Chlorine Question What consists of a phospholipids bilayer? Answer The Cell Membrane Return to Periodic Table

  20. Problem #18: Argon Question Protein catalysts in our body are called? Answer Enzymes Return to Periodic Table

  21. Problem #19: Potassium Question Different amino acids are determined by the _____________ group. Answer “R” / Functional Return to Periodic Table

  22. Problem #20: Calcium Question Where are peptide bonds found? Answer Proteins / between amino acids Return to Periodic Table

  23. Problem #21: Scandium Question What is the region of an enzyme that binds to its substrate called? Answer Active Site Return to Periodic Table

  24. Problem #22: Titanium Question The double helix model of DNA was the work of? Answer Watson and Crick Return to Periodic Table

  25. Problem #23: Vanadium Question The presence of which organelle is used to distinguish prokaryotic cells from eukaryotic cells? Answer The Nucleus Return to Periodic Table

  26. Problem #24: Chromium Question What is the most important energy-transfer compound found in living cells? Answer ATP Return to Periodic Table

  27. Problem #25: Manganese Question What is a cell without internal membranes called? Answer Prokaryotic Return to Periodic Table

  28. Problem #26: Iron Question A process by which materials can be secreted from a cell is called ___________ Answer exocytosis Return to Periodic Table

  29. Problem #27: Cobalt Question Pinocytosis and phagocytosis are both examples of ___________. Answer Endocytosis Return to Periodic Table

  30. Problem #28: Nickel Question Endocytosis and exocytosis are both examples of __________ transport. Answer Active Return to Periodic Table

  31. Problem #29: Copper Question What is the control center of the cell? Answer The Nucleus Return to Periodic Table

  32. Problem #30: Zinc Question What is the basic organizational unit of living things? Answer The Cell Return to Periodic Table

  33. Problem #31: Gallium Question Cells with a membrane-bound nucleus are called ______________. Answer Eukaryotic Return to Periodic Table

  34. Problem #32: Germanium Question Where do you find cellulose? Answer Plant Cell Walls Return to Periodic Table

  35. Problem #33: Arsenic Question If molecules move down a concentration gradient, the molecules move from an area of _________concentration to an area of __________concentration. This does not require ________ and is an example of ______________ transport. Answer High, Low, Energy, Passive Return to Periodic Table

  36. Problem #34: Selenium Question If molecules move across a concentration gradient, the molecules move from an area of _________concentration to an area of __________concentration. This does require ________ and is an example of ______________ transport. Answer Low, High, Energy, Active Return to Periodic Table

  37. Problem #35: Bromine Question ________________ is the movement/diffusion of water molecules across a differentially permeable membrane. Answer Osmosis Return to Periodic Table

  38. Problem #36: Krypton Question A cellular organelle in plants that is associated with photosynthesis is called the: Answer Chloroplast Return to Periodic Table

  39. Problem #37: Rubidium Question A cellular organelle associated with cellular respiration is the: Answer Mitochondria Return to Periodic Table

  40. Problem #38: Strontium Question A cellular organelle associated with intracellular digestive enzymes is the: Answer Lysosome Return to Periodic Table

  41. Problem #39: Yttrium Question The fluid matrix of the cell where all the work is done is called the: Answer Cytoplasm Return to Periodic Table

  42. Problem #40: Zirconium Question The rough endoplasmic is “rough” because of the presence of ____________on its surface. Answer Ribosomes Return to Periodic Table

  43. Problem #41: Niobium Question Gas exchange occurs in leaves through specialized openings called the: Answer Stomata Return to Periodic Table

  44. Problem #42: Molybdenum Question You feel fatigue after vigorous exercise because of ___________ accumulation in your muscles. Answer Lactic Acid Return to Periodic Table

  45. Problem #43: Technetium Question What specific location in the cytoplasm are protein synthesized? Answer The ribosome Return to Periodic Table

  46. Problem #44: Ruthenium Question What happens to the number of chromosomes in meiosis? Answer Reduced to half of the original number Return to Periodic Table

  47. Problem #45: Rhodium Question There are two boys in a family. What is the probability that the third child will be a boy? Answer 50% Return to Periodic Table

  48. Problem #46: Palladium Question Cytokinesis refers to division of the __________________. Answer Cytoplasm Return to Periodic Table

  49. Problem #47: Silver Question Mitosis in humans results in the formation of 2 _____________ cells. Answer Diploid Return to Periodic Table

  50. Problem #48: Cadmium Question How many chromosomes are present in a human body cell? Answer 46 Return to Periodic Table