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The Life and Times of Charles Dickens

The Life and Times of Charles Dickens

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The Life and Times of Charles Dickens

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  1. The Life and Times ofCharles Dickens

  2. Life in _________- mid 1800’s to the turn of the century Class Structure in __________ England 1. Upper Class/Wealthy 2. _______________ 3. Working Class (________and Unskilled) 4. Under Class A closer look…

  3. Life in England- mid 1800’s to the turn of the century Class Structure in __________ England 1. Upper Class/Wealthy 2. _______________ 3. Working Class (________and Unskilled) 4. Under Class A closer look…

  4. Life in England- mid 1800’s to the turn of the century Class Structure in VictorianEngland 1. Upper Class/Wealthy 2. _______________ 3. Working Class (________and Unskilled) 4. Under Class A closer look…

  5. Life in England- mid 1800’s to the turn of the century Class Structure in VictorianEngland 1. Upper Class/Wealthy 2. Middle Class 3. Working Class (________and Unskilled) 4. Under Class A closer look…

  6. Life in England- mid 1800’s to the turn of the century Class Structure in VictorianEngland 1. Upper Class/Wealthy 2. Middle Class 3. Working Class (Skilledand Unskilled) 4. Under Class A closer look…

  7. Upper Class/Wealthy • The top class was known as the Upper Class or ______________. • It included the _________and nobility, which had great power and wealth. • This class consisted of about ____ percent of the population, but owned the majority of the land. • It included: the royal family, lords, the clergy, great officers of state, and those above the degree of baronet. • These people were ______ into nobility, privileged, and avoided taxes.

  8. Upper Class/Wealthy • The top class was known as the Upper Class or Aristocracy. • It included the _________and nobility, which had great power and wealth. • This class consisted of about ____ percent of the population, but owned the majority of the land. • It included: the royal family, lords, the clergy, great officers of state, and those above the degree of baronet. • These people were ______ into nobility, privileged, and avoided taxes.

  9. Upper Class/Wealthy • The top class was known as the Upper Class or Aristocracy. • It included the churchand nobility, which had great power and wealth. • This class consisted of about ____ percent of the population, but owned the majority of the land. • It included: the royal family, lords, the clergy, great officers of state, and those above the degree of baronet. • These people were ______ into nobility, privileged, and avoided taxes.

  10. Upper Class/Wealthy • The top class was known as the Upper Class or Aristocracy. • It included the churchand nobility, which had great power and wealth. • This class consisted of about twopercent of the population, but owned the majority of the land. • It included: the royal family, lords, the clergy, great officers of state, and those above the degree of baronet. • These people were ______ into nobility, privileged, and avoided taxes.

  11. Upper Class/Wealthy • The top class was known as the Upper Class or Aristocracy. • It included the churchand nobility, which had great power and wealth. • This class consisted of about twopercent of the population, but owned the majority of the land. • It included: the royal family, lords, the clergy, great officers of state, and those above the degree of baronet. • These people were borninto nobility, privileged, and avoided taxes.

  12. Middle Class/Bourgeoisie • The middle class consisted of the bourgeoisie – also referring to the _________________class. • It was made up of factory owners, bankers, shopkeepers, merchants, lawyers, engineers, businessmen, traders, and other professionals. • These people could sometimes be extremely rich, but in normal circumstances they were not ___________, and they especially resented this. • There was a very large ____ between the middle class and the lower class.

  13. Middle Class/Bourgeoisie • The middle class consisted of the bourgeoisie – also referring to the middle working class. • It was made up of factory owners, bankers, shopkeepers, merchants, lawyers, engineers, businessmen, traders, and other professionals. • These people could sometimes be extremely rich, but in normal circumstances they were not ___________, and they especially resented this. • There was a very large ____ between the middle class and the lower class.

  14. Middle Class/Bourgeoisie • The middle class consisted of the bourgeoisie – also referring to the middle working class. • It was made up of factory owners, bankers, shopkeepers, merchants, lawyers, engineers, businessmen, traders, and other professionals. • These people could sometimes be extremely rich, but in normal circumstances they were not privileged, and they especially resented this. • There was a very large ____ between the middle class and the lower class.

  15. Middle Class/Bourgeoisie • The middle class consisted of the bourgeoisie – also referring to the middle working class. • It was made up of factory owners, bankers, shopkeepers, merchants, lawyers, engineers, businessmen, traders, and other professionals. • These people could sometimes be extremely rich, but in normal circumstances they were not privileged, and they especially resented this. • There was a very large gapbetween the middle class and the lower class.

  16. Working Class ( Skilled and Un-skilled) • “The working class” or skilled laborers were above the unskilled class- but not by much. This class is also referred to as the __________________class. • The lower class contained men, women, and ___________ performing many types of labor, including factory workers, seamstresses, sweepers, miners, and others. • Like the middle class, the lower class also had to endure a large burden of tax. • This third class consisted of about _____ percent of the population but only owned ______ than _____ percent of the land.

  17. Working Class ( Skilled and Un-skilled) • “The working class” or skilled laborers were above the unskilled class- but not by much. This class is also referred to as the Proletarianclass. • The lower class contained men, women, and ___________ performing many types of labor, including factory workers, seamstresses, sweepers, miners, and others. • Like the middle class, the lower class also had to endure a large burden of tax. • This third class consisted of about _____ percent of the population but only owned ______ than _____ percent of the land.

  18. Working Class ( Skilled and Un-skilled) • “The working class” or skilled laborers were above the unskilled class- but not by much. This class is also referred to as the Proletarianclass. • The lower class contained men, women, and childrenperforming many types of labor, including factory workers, seamstresses, sweepers, miners, and others. • Like the middle class, the lower class also had to endure a large burden of tax. • This third class consisted of about _____ percent of the population but only owned ______ than _____ percent of the land.

  19. Working Class ( Skilled and Un-skilled) • “The working class” or skilled laborers were above the unskilled class- but not by much. This class is also referred to as the Proletarianclass. • The lower class contained men, women, and childrenperforming many types of labor, including factory workers, seamstresses, sweepers, miners, and others. • Like the middle class, the lower class also had to endure a large burden of tax. • This third class consisted of about 85percent of the population but only owned ______ than _____ percent of the land.

  20. Working Class ( Skilled and Un-skilled) • “The working class” or skilled laborers were above the unskilled class- but not by much. This class is also referred to as the Proletarianclass. • The lower class contained men, women, and childrenperforming many types of labor, including factory workers, seamstresses, sweepers, miners, and others. • Like the middle class, the lower class also had to endure a large burden of tax. • This third class consisted of about 85percent of the population but only owned lessthan _____ percent of the land.

  21. Working Class ( Skilled and Un-skilled) • “The working class” or skilled laborers were above the unskilled class- but not by much. This class is also referred to as the Proletarianclass. • The lower class contained men, women, and childrenperforming many types of labor, including factory workers, seamstresses, sweepers, miners, and others. • Like the middle class, the lower class also had to endure a large burden of tax. • This third class consisted of about 85percent of the population but only owned lessthan 50percent of the land.

  22. Working Class Skilled Woman

  23. Working Class ( Skilled and Un-skilled) • The working class unskilled laborers contained many men, women, and children with no particular _____. • These people typically did ________ that did not last long. • Many unskilled laborers were a step away from being ________ and occasionally spent time on the streets.

  24. Working Class ( Skilled and Un-skilled) • The working class unskilled laborers contained many men, women, and children with no particular skill. • These people typically did ________ that did not last long. • Many unskilled laborers were a step away from being ________ and occasionally spent time on the streets.

  25. Working Class ( Skilled and Un-skilled) • The working class unskilled laborers contained many men, women, and children with no particular skill. • These people typically did odd jobs that did not last long. • Many unskilled laborers were a step away from being ________ and occasionally spent time on the streets.

  26. Working Class ( Skilled and Un-skilled) • The working class unskilled laborers contained many men, women, and children with no particular skill. • These people typically did odd jobs that did not last long. • Many unskilled laborers were a step away from being homelessand occasionally spent time on the streets.

  27. Under Class • The Under Class is also “___________” (those who were not working, and were receiving public charity). • This was considered a submerged "under class" sometimes referred to as the "sunken people"-- which lived in ___________. • The under class were more susceptible to exploitation and were therefore exploited. • These people often starved to ______ on the streets or died from malnutrition or disease.

  28. Under Class • The Under Class is also “the poor” (those who were not working, and were receiving public charity). • This was considered a submerged "under class" sometimes referred to as the "sunken people"-- which lived in ___________. • The under class were more susceptible to exploitation and were therefore exploited. • These people often starved to ______ on the streets or died from malnutrition or disease.

  29. Under Class • The Under Class is also “the poor” (those who were not working, and were receiving public charity). • This was considered a submerged "under class" sometimes referred to as the "sunken people"-- which lived in poverty. • The under class were more susceptible to exploitation and were therefore exploited. • These people often starved to ______ on the streets or died from malnutrition or disease.

  30. Under Class • The Under Class is also “the poor” (those who were not working, and were receiving public charity). • This was considered a submerged "under class" sometimes referred to as the "sunken people"-- which lived in poverty. • The under class were more susceptible to exploitation and were therefore exploited. • These people often starved to deathon the streets or died from malnutrition or disease.

  31. Streets of London

  32. The Industrial Revolution • During the 1800s the ___________________________ spread throughout Britain. • The use of steam-powered machines, led to a massive increase in the number of _____________ (particularly in textile factories or mills).

  33. The Industrial Revolution • During the 1800s the Industrial Revolution spread throughout Britain. • The use of steam-powered machines, led to a massive increase in the number of _____________ (particularly in textile factories or mills).

  34. The Industrial Revolution • During the 1800s the Industrial Revolution spread throughout Britain. • The use of steam-powered machines, led to a massive increase in the number of factories (particularly in textile factories or mills).

  35. From Country to City • As the number of factories grew, people from the countryside began to move into the towns looking for better paid _____. • Cities were filled to overflowing and, ________ was particularly bad. • People crowded into already crowded houses. Rooms were _______ to whole families or perhaps several families. If there were no rooms to rent, people stayed in lodging houses.

  36. From Country to City • As the number of factories grew, people from the countryside began to move into the towns looking for better paid work. • Cities were filled to overflowing and, ________ was particularly bad. • People crowded into already crowded houses. Rooms were _______ to whole families or perhaps several families. If there were no rooms to rent, people stayed in lodging houses.

  37. From Country to City • As the number of factories grew, people from the countryside began to move into the towns looking for better paid work. • Cities were filled to overflowing and, Londonwas particularly bad. • People crowded into already crowded houses. Rooms were _______ to whole families or perhaps several families. If there were no rooms to rent, people stayed in lodging houses.

  38. From Country to City • As the number of factories grew, people from the countryside began to move into the towns looking for better paid work. • Cities were filled to overflowing and, Londonwas particularly bad. • People crowded into already crowded houses. Rooms were rented to whole families or perhaps several families. If there were no rooms to rent, people stayed in lodging houses.

  39. Child Labor • Children worked in ____________ carrying large buckets of coal around on their backs, or they worked sitting down in the mine alone to open the door for a coal cart passing through. • Many factory workers were children. They worked _____ hours and were often treated ______ by the supervisors or overseers. • In match factories, children were employed to dip matches into a chemical called phosphorous. This phosphorous could cause their teeth to rot and some died from the effect of breathing it into their lungs.

  40. Child Labor • Children worked in coal mines carrying large buckets of coal around on their backs, or they worked sitting down in the mine alone to open the door for a coal cart passing through. • Many factory workers were children. They worked _____ hours and were often treated ______ by the supervisors or overseers. • In match factories, children were employed to dip matches into a chemical called phosphorous. This phosphorous could cause their teeth to rot and some died from the effect of breathing it into their lungs.

  41. Child Labor • Children worked in coal mines carrying large buckets of coal around on their backs, or they worked sitting down in the mine alone to open the door for a coal cart passing through. • Many factory workers were children. They worked longhours and were often treated ______ by the supervisors or overseers. • In match factories, children were employed to dip matches into a chemical called phosphorous. This phosphorous could cause their teeth to rot and some died from the effect of breathing it into their lungs.

  42. Child Labor • Children worked in coal mines carrying large buckets of coal around on their backs, or they worked sitting down in the mine alone to open the door for a coal cart passing through. • Many factory workers were children. They worked longhours and were often treated badlyby the supervisors or overseers. • In match factories, children were employed to dip matches into a chemical called phosphorous. This phosphorous could cause their teeth to rot and some died from the effect of breathing it into their lungs.

  43. Child Labor • The mill owners often took in orphans to their workhouses, they __________ at the mill and were worked as hard as possible. • They spent most of their working hours at the machines with little time for __________ or exercise. Even part of Sunday was spent cleaning machines. • There were some serious _________ , some children were scalped when their hair was caught in the machine, hands were crushed and some children were killed when they went to sleep and fell into the machine.

  44. Child Labor • The mill owners often took in orphans to their workhouses, they livedat the mill and were worked as hard as possible. • They spent most of their working hours at the machines with little time for __________ or exercise. Even part of Sunday was spent cleaning machines. • There were some serious _________ , some children were scalped when their hair was caught in the machine, hands were crushed and some children were killed when they went to sleep and fell into the machine.

  45. Child Labor • The mill owners often took in orphans to their workhouses, they livedat the mill and were worked as hard as possible. • They spent most of their working hours at the machines with little time for fresh air or exercise. Even part of Sunday was spent cleaning machines. • There were some serious _________ , some children were scalped when their hair was caught in the machine, hands were crushed and some children were killed when they went to sleep and fell into the machine.

  46. Child Labor • The mill owners often took in orphans to their workhouses, they livedat the mill and were worked as hard as possible. • They spent most of their working hours at the machines with little time for fresh air or exercise. Even part of Sunday was spent cleaning machines. • There were some serious accidents; some children were scalped when their hair was caught in the machine, hands were crushed and some children were killed when they went to sleep and fell into the machine.

  47. Child Labor • When young boys first started working as chimney sweeps between ____ and ___ years old, they suffered many cuts, grazes and bruises on their knees, elbows, and thighs however after months of suffering their skin became hardened.

  48. Child Labor • When young boys first started working as chimney sweeps between five and ___ years old, they suffered many cuts, grazes and bruises on their knees, elbows, and thighs however after months of suffering their skin became hardened.

  49. Child Labor • When young boys first started working as chimney sweeps between five and 10years old, they suffered many cuts, grazes and bruises on their knees, elbows, and thighs however after months of suffering their skin became hardened.

  50. Street Kids • Hordes of dirty, ragged children roamed the streets with no regular money and no home to go to. The children of the streets were often ________ with no-one to care for them. • They stole or picked pockets to buy food and slept in ________ or _________ .    Some street children did jobs to earn money. • They could work as crossing-sweepers, sweeping a way through the mud and horse dung of the main paths to make way for ladies and gentlemen. Others sold lace, flowers, matches or muffins out in the _________.