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Contraception. KIN 312. The Female Condom. The Female Condom - Worn by the woman, this barrier method keeps sperm from getting into her body. It is made of polyurethane, is packaged with a lubricant, and may protect against STDs, including HIV. The Female Condom.

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KIN 312

The female condom
The Female Condom

  • The Female Condom - Worn by the woman, this barrier method keeps sperm from getting into her body. It is made of polyurethane, is packaged with a lubricant, and may protect against STDs, including HIV.

The female condom1
The Female Condom

  • It can be inserted up to 8 hours prior to sexual intercourse. Female condoms are 79 to 95% effective at preventing pregnancy. There is only one kind of female condom and its brand name is Reality.

Depo provera injections
Depo-Provera Injections

  • Depo-Provera - With this method women get injections, or shots, of the hormone progestin in the buttocks or arm every three months. It does not protect against STDs or HIV. It is 99.7% effective at preventing pregnancy.

Depo provera

  • Prolonged use of the drug may result in significant loss of bone density. Women should only use Depo-Provera Contraceptive Injection as a long-term birth control method (longer than two years) if other birth control methods are inadequate.

The iud

  • The intrauterine device uses copper as the active contraceptive, others use progesterone in a plastic device. IUDs are very effective at preventing pregnancy (less than 2% chance per year for the progesterone IUD, less than 1% chance per year for the copper IUD).


  • IUDs come with increased risk of ectopic pregnancy and perforation of the uterus and do not protect against sexually transmitted disease. IUDs are prescribed and placed by health care providers.

Diaphram or cervical cap
Diaphram or Cervical Cap

  • Diaphragm or Cervical Cap - These are barrier methods of birth control, where the sperm are blocked from reaching the egg. The diaphragm is shaped like a shallow latex cup.

Cervical cap
Cervical Cap

  • The cervical cap is a thimble-shaped latex cup. Both come in different sizes and you need a health care provider to "fit" you for one.

  • Before sexual intercourse, you use them with spermicide (to block or kill sperm) and place them up inside the vagina to cover the cervix (the opening to your womb).

Diaphragm or cervical cap
Diaphragm or Cervical Cap

  • The diaphragm is 80 to 94% effective at preventing pregnancy. The cervical cap is 80 to 90% effective at preventing pregnancy for women who have not had a child, and 60 to 80% for women who have had a child.

  • Requires a visit with your health care provider for proper fitting.

The ortho evra patch
The Ortho Evra Patch

  • The Patch (Ortho Evra) -This is a skin patch worn on the lower abdomen, buttocks, or upper body. It releases the hormones progestin and estrogen into the bloodstream.

  • You put on a new patch once a week for three weeks, then do not wear a patch during the fourth week in order to have a menstrual period.

Ortho evra patch
Ortho Evra Patch

  • The patch is 99% effective at preventing pregnancy, but appears to be less effective in women who weigh more than 198 pounds.

  • It does not protect against STDs or HIV.

Nuva ring vaginal ring
Nuva Ring (Vaginal Ring)

  • The NuvaRing is a ring that releases the hormones progestin and estrogen. You squeeze the ring between your thumb and index finger and insert it into your vagina.

  • You wear the ring for three weeks, take it out for the week that you have your period, and then put in a new ring

Nuva ring
Nuva Ring

  • The ring is 98 to 99% effective at preventing pregnancy.

The male condom
The Male Condom

  • The Male Condom - Condoms are called barrier methods of birth control because they put up a block, or barrier, which keeps the sperm from reaching the egg. Only latex or polyurethane (because some people are allergic to latex) condoms are proven to help protect against STDs, including HIV.

Male condom
Male Condom

  • Male condoms are 86 to 98% effective at preventing pregnancy.

Male condom1
Male Condom

  • Oil-based lubricants like massage oils, baby oil, lotions, or petroleum jelly will weaken the condom, causing it to tear or break.

  • Always keep condoms in a cool, dry place. If you keep them in a hot place (like a billfold, wallet, or glove compartment), the latex breaks down, causing the condom to tear or break.

The pill
The Pill

  • Also called "the pill," it contains the hormones estrogen and progestin. A pill is taken daily to block the release of eggs from the ovaries.

  • It does not protect against STDs or HIV. The pill may add to your risk of heart disease, including high blood pressure, blood clots, and blockage of the arteries. If you are over age 35 and smoke, or have a history of blood clots or breast or endometrial cancer, your health care provider may advise you not to take the pill.

  • The pill1
    The Pill

    • The pill is 95 to 99.9% effective at preventing pregnancy if used correctly.