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MD240 - Management Information Systems Sept. 13, 2005 Computing Hardware – Moore's Law, Hardware Markets, and Computin PowerPoint Presentation
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MD240 - Management Information Systems Sept. 13, 2005 Computing Hardware – Moore's Law, Hardware Markets, and Computing Evolution. Topics Covered. Components of an Information System Moore’s Law Implications for Managers Challenges to Moore’s Law & potential solutions to those challenges

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MD240 -Management Information SystemsSept. 13, 2005Computing Hardware – Moore's Law, Hardware Markets, and Computing Evolution

topics covered
Topics Covered
  • Components of an Information System
  • Moore’s Law
    • Implications for Managers
    • Challenges to Moore’s Law & potential solutions to those challenges
  • The Evolution of Computing Hardware
  • SuperComputing, Grid Computing, Clustering
    • Business uses, pros & cons
  • eWaste, the dark side of Moore’s law
    • Reality of today’s solutions
5 components of an is
5 Components of an IS

Data

Hardware

People

Information

Systems

Software

Procedures

types of computers the distinction is blurring
Types of Computers(the distinction is blurring)
  • Personal / Microcomputers
    • single-user, usually single processor, compact
    • desktop, laptop, palmtop, PDA, game machine, specialized
  • Mid-range Systems (Servers)
    • may have more than one microprocessor, typically multi-user & focused on a functional area or task (marketing, plant management, web server).
    • Vintage midranges (proprietary OS): IBM AS/400, DEC VAX
    • Servers (UNIX/Win): Intel-based, Dell, HP, IBM, Sun
types of computers cont
Types of Computers (cont.)
  • Mainframes (IBM)
    • large, expensive computer, supports multiple user groups, terminals, run several applications at once.
    • costly: support staff, air conditioning, software
    • secure: centralized programs & data are relatively easy to backup, maintain, upgrade, and monitor
  • Super Computers (NEC, IBM, Hitachi, HP, Intel, Cray)
    • massively parallel and/or clustered
    • used to solve problems requiring long, difficult calculations (e.g.airline scheduling, advanced modeling - biotech, weather, risk management)
    • evolution to grid computing…