Principles of Human Growth and Development . July 9, 2010. There is a set of principles that characterizes the pattern and process of growth and development.
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July 9, 2010
Seeing no relationship, a preschool child will describe the objects according to some property of the object, such as color. Such a response would be, "An apple is red (or green) and an orange is orange."
The first level of thinking about how objects are alike is to give a description or functional relationship (both concrete thoughts) between the two objects. "An apple and orange are round" and "An apple and orange are alike because you eat them" are typical responses of three, four and five year olds.
As children develop further in cognitive skills, they are able to understand a higher and more complex relationship between objects and things; that is, that an apple and orange exist in a class called fruit.
The child cognitively is then capable of classification.
8. While and process of growth and the pattern of development is likely to be similar, the outcomes of developmental processes and the rate of development are likely to vary among individuals.
Since development is a result of the interaction between heredity and environment, and since heredity and environment are different for different people, it seems obvious that individuals will encounter factors that make them different from other individuals.
As a result, we can expect individual differences in developmental characteristics and variation in the ages when people will experience events that will influence their development.