the rise and death of julius caesar
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The Rise and Death of Julius Caesar

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The Rise and Death of Julius Caesar. Trouble in the Republic . In the 100’s B.C. farmers were sinking into poverty and debt, because many of them had been unable to farm. This was due to Rome’s wars. Others suffered damage due to Hannibal’s invasion of Italy.

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trouble in the republic
Trouble in the Republic
  • In the 100’s B.C. farmers were sinking into poverty and debt, because many of them had been unable to farm. This was due to Rome’s wars. Others suffered damage due to Hannibal’s invasion of Italy.
  • Faced with debts they could not pay off many famers sold their land and headed to the city for work, which was hard to find. 
the army enters politics
The Army enters Politics
  • Military leader Marius became a consul in 107 B.C. , he began to recruit soldiers from the poor—in return for their service he paid them wages and promised them land
  • Felt loyal to general not Roman Republic since they are now paid professional soldiers
  • In 82 B.C a general Sulla went against Marius by driving his enemies out and making himself a dictator
julius caesar
Julius Caesar
  • In 60 B.C. Julius Caesar, Pompey, and Crassus formed the First Triumvirate to rule Rome ( a political alliance of 3 people)
caesar s big decision
Caesar’s Big Decision

What would you do?

crossing the rubicon
Crossing the Rubicon
  • Caesar decides to hold onto 5,000 loyal soldiers, & march to Italy crossing Rubicon (river at a command center). He knew there would be no return. He was starting a civil war.
  • Pompey tried to stop Caesar.

Caesar drove Pompey’s forces

from Italy then destroyed his

army in Greece in 48 B.C.

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