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The Age of Limited Warfare: 1700-1789. “Total” versus “limited” war Changes Context. Louis XIV, master of Limited warfare. 0-15% 15-33% 33-50% >50%. Total Warfare. Removal of moral and cultural limits Modern weaponry, bureaucracy, capabilities

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the age of limited warfare 1700 1789
The Age of Limited Warfare:1700-1789
  • “Total” versus “limited” war
  • Changes
  • Context

Louis XIV, master of

Limited warfare

total warfare

0-15% 15-33% 33-50% >50%

Total Warfare
  • Removal of moral and cultural limits
  • Modern weaponry, bureaucracy, capabilities
  • Militarization of civilian institutions
change from total to limited warfare
Change from Total to Limited Warfare
  • Contexts
    • Enlightenment
    • Political centralization
    • Gunpowder weapons
  • What is changing?
early firearms the flintlock
Early Firearms: The Flintlock
  • Introduced in the 17th century
  • Could be used in inclement weather
  • Standard infantry weapon of the 18th century
the rise of prussia
The Rise of Prussia
  • King Frederick William I (1713-1740)
    • Recruited obscure noblemen as officers
    • Recruitment districts (“cantonal system”)
    • Central national administration
      • Army from 40K to 83K
  • King Frederick William II (The Great; 1740-1786)
    • Strengthened bureaucracy
      • Army from 83K to 140K
      • Large treasury surplus
prussian military advances
Prussian Military Advances
  • Comprehensive approach to training
    • Drill, religion, group loyalties, punishment
      • Officers authorized execution power
      • Prussians PERFORMED in battle
  • Standardized drill, 1714
  • Cadence introduced, 1740
  • Officer schools introduced, 1717
    • 3 year study for 13-year-olds
    • Produced 1/3 of Prussian officers
warfare in the 18 th century
Warfare in the 18th Century
  • Change to artillery and small arms
  • Fortifications and naval power
  • Standing armies of disciplined soldiers led by noblemen
  • Magazine system

England's King George III

terms to know
Louis XIV

Vauban

Limited War

Standing Army

Magazine System

Total War

Seven Years’ War

Central Position

Frederick the Great

Prussia

Terms to Know