The Reasoning Process & Inductive Reasoning . Melissa Seeborg. Reasoning is the process of drawing inferences or conclusions from established knowledge Reasoning uses the audience’s existing knowledge or beliefs to connect support to the claim
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If you are trying to make the claim, “You should use a sunscreen to reduce the risk of skin cancer”, it is not necessary to say “Since you should want to protect yourself from unnecessary risks to your health…”
Excerpt from a 1996 speech to the Economic Club of Detroit by Sheila Wellington, the president of Catalyst
“Many of you may know that women now earn more than half the BA degrees in this country. Virtually half of new business, law, and doctoral degrees decorate the office walls of women. More and more engineering degrees are going to women: In 1994, women earned 17% of BS degrees, 16% of Masters, and 11% of doctorates in engineering. This is a bounty of brains to harvest.”
Causal Reasoning, Analogy