Ch. 26-Water Emergencies. Vocabulary. Near-drowning - Survival, at least temporarily, of near suffocation due to submersion Drowning - Death from suffocation due to submersion “Wet” drowning- Drowning in which water enters the lungs
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You can try a throwing assist by throwing something that will help the victim stay afloat or reach the shore. A number of throwing devices can be used:
1. ____________is death from suffocation due to submersion.
2. Victims submerged in ____________ water have the poorest prognosis. (cold/warm/deep)
3. “Dry” drowning occurs when a severe spasm of the___________ cuts off respiration, but water does not enter the lungs. (trachea/bronchioles/larynx)
4. The ____________ reflex helps victims submerged in cold water survive longer. (mammalian/Freudian/subdiaphragmatic)
5. Never go in the water unless you can swim and have been trained, and are ____________. (in good health/prepared to perform rescue breathing/ wearing a flotation device)
1. Remove the victim from the water as quickly and safely as you can.
2. If you do not suspect spinal injury, place the victim on the left side so that water, vomitus, and secretions can drain from the upper airway.
3. Assess for breathing and pulse.
4. If there is no breathing, establish an airway as rapidly as you can and begin ventilations.
5. If there is no pulse, begin chest compressions and perform CPR. Continue resuscitation until emergency personnel arrive.
1. If you suspect spinal injury, stabilize the neck and spine ____________ you remove the victim from the water.
2. If you suspect spinal injury, apply a cervical collar and secure the victim to a ____________. (buoyant device/stable object/spine board)
3. ____________ can cause resistance to ventilations.
(Spasms/Swelling of the airway/Water in the airway)
4. Near-drowning victims should always be taken to the hospital; 15 percent of all drowning deaths are due to ____________. (aspiration/laryngeal spasm/secondary complications)
First Aid Care
1. If there is no sign of neck or spine injury, position the victim on the left side; slant the entire body 15 degrees with the head down to force air or gas bubbles to stay in the abdomen.
2. Provide basic life support; administer ventilations and initiate CPR if needed. Life support is critical in these cases because oxygen reduces the size of nitrogen bubbles and improves circulation.
3. Monitor the victim continuously until emergency personnel arrive. The victim needs to be taken to a recompression chamber for treatment.
1. Always assume that someone who dived in shallow water has sustained ____________.
(respiratory injury/abdominal injury/spinal injury)
2. A major complication of deep-water diving emergencies is ____________. (coma/head injury/spine injury)