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Dreams. sequence of images, emotions, and thoughts passing through a sleeping person’s mind hallucinatory imagery, discontinuities and incongruities difficulties remembering Dream Duration Mostly during REM Range: Seconds – hour REM Rebound suggests biological need. Dreams. Content

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Dreams


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    Presentation Transcript
    1. Dreams • sequence of images, emotions, and thoughts passing through a sleeping person’s mind • hallucinatory imagery, discontinuities and incongruities • difficulties remembering Dream Duration • Mostly during REM • Range: Seconds – hour • REM Rebound suggests biological need

    2. Dreams • Content • Early dreams – daily events • Late dreams – longest, most vivid, strangest • 8 out of 10 dreams are negative in feeling • 5 most common dream themes: • Falling, Being Chased, Teeth Falling Out, Back at School, Spouse Cheating on You

    3. Dreams • Gender and Environment Influence Content • Women dream of men and women equally; men dream about men 65% of time • Employees dream of work, parents dream of children, etc • Dement Water Study • Sensory stimuli of sleep environment can intrude into dreams

    4. Lucid Dreaming • Lucid Dreaming: dreams where you realize you are dreaming and are able to control the dream • Incubated Dreaming: conscious suggestion to theunconscious todream about certaincontent

    5. Dreams: Freud • Sigmund Freud--The Interpretation of Dreams (1900) • Manifest Content • remembered story line • Latent Content • underlying meaning (usually sexual according to Freud)

    6. Dream Theories • Wish Fulfillment • Dreams express otherwise unacceptable feelings; “psychic safety valve” • Criticism • If dreams are symbolic, they can be interpreted any way you wish • Dreams hide nothing – “sometimes a cigar is just a cigar.”

    7. Dream Theories • Information-Processing • Dreams help us sort out the day’s events and consolidate memories • Ex: High grades – long duration of sleep correlation

    8. Dream Theories • Physiological Functioning • Brain stimulation from REM sleep may help develop and preserve neural pathways • Explains why infants spend so much time in sleep and REM

    9. Dream Theories • Activation-Synthesis • Dream is your brain trying to make sense out of random neural firings • Limbic system (emotion) and visual cortex have increased activity while dreaming

    10. Dream Theories • Cognitive Theory • Dream content reflects dreamer’s cognitive development • Children under 9: Dreams are like slideshows that don’t make sense • Older: Coherent storylines in which we are actors