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Nature of Energy. Energy is all around you! You can hear energy as sound. You can see energy as light. And you can feel it as wind. Energy is usually described as kinetic or potential. Thermal or Heat Energy.

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nature of energy
Nature of Energy
  • Energy is all around you!
    • You can hear energy as sound.
    • You can see energy as light.
    • And you can feel it as wind.
thermal or heat energy
Thermal or Heat Energy
  • The internal motion of the atoms is called heat energy, because moving particles produce heat.
  • Heat energy can be produced by friction.
  • Heat energy causes changes in temperature and phase of any form of matter.
chemical energy
Chemical Energy
  • Chemical Energy is required to bond atoms together.
  • And when bonds are broken, energy is released.
  • Fuel and food are forms

of stored chemical energy

electromagnetic energy
Electromagnetic Energy
  • Light is a form of electromagnetic energy.
  • Each color of light (Roy G Biv) represents a different amount of electromagnetic energy.
  • Electromagnetic Energy is also carried by X-rays, radio waves, and laser light.
electromagnetic spectrum
Electromagnetic Spectrum

Increasing Energy

electromagnetic energy1
Electromagnetic Energy
  • Power lines carry electromagnetic energy into your home in the form of electricity.
nuclear energy
Nuclear Energy
  • The nucleus of an atom is the source of nuclear energy.
  • When the nucleus splits (fission), nuclear energy is released in the form of heat energy and light energy.
  • Nuclear energy is also released when nuclei collide at high speeds and join (fuse).
nuclear energy1
Nuclear Energy

The sun’s energy is produced from a nuclear fusion reaction in which hydrogen nuclei fuse to form helium nuclei.

mechanical energy
Mechanical Energy
  • Mechanical energy is due to the position and motion of the object.
  • When work is done to an object, it acquires energy. The energy it acquires is known as mechanical energy.
mechanical energy1
Mechanical Energy

What happens to the mechanical energy of an apple as it falls from a tree?

mechanical energy2
Mechanical Energy
  • As the apple falls to the ground, its height decreases.
  • Therefore, its GPE decreases. Potential energy that is dependent on height is called gravitational potential energy.
  • The potential energy is not lost… it is converted into kinetic energy as the velocity of the apple increases.
  • What happens to the mechanical energy?
mechanical energy3
Mechanical Energy
  • The mechanical energy does not change because the loss in potential energy is simply transferred into kinetic energy.
  • The energy in the system remains constant!!

The total amount of energy stays the SAME!!

swinging along
Swinging Along
  • Think about the changes in energy when you are on a swing…
  • At what point do you have the most potential energy?
  • At what point do you have the most kinetic energy?
  • What happens to the mechanical energy?
conservation of energy
Conservation of Energy
  • Energy is transformed… not destroyed!!

The total amount of energy stays the SAME!!

slide17

The Law of Conservation of Energy

  • The law of conservation of energy states that energy cannot be created or destroyed.
  • Energy can be changed from one form to another. Changes in the form of energy are called
  • energy conversions.
slide19

Even when energy changes form from electrical to thermal and other energy forms as in the hair

dryer shown energy is never destroyed.

The Law of Conservation of Energy

the law of conservation of energy
The Law of Conservation of Energy
  • The Law of Conservation of Energy states that energy cannot be created or destroyed.
  • The big picture… the total energy in the universe remains constant.
changing forms of energy
Changing Forms of Energy
  • Energy is most noticeable as it transforms from one type to another.
  • What are some examples of transforming electrical energy?
    • A lightbulb
    • A hair dryer
potential to kinetic
Potential to Kinetic
  • The most common energy conversion is between potential and kinetic energy.
  • All forms of energy can be in either of two states:
    • Kinetic is the energy of motion.
    • Potential is stored energy
changing forms of energy1
Changing forms of Energy
  • An example of transforming chemical energy is a car engine.
  • Chemical potential energy in gasoline is transformed into kinetic energy of the car as it moves!!