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The Disintegration of the Carolingian Empire. Louis the Pious. Continued policy of monastic reform Benedict of Aniane Two marriages, four sons Rebellion Oath of Strasbourg Treaty of Verdun Fragmentation of trade networks. Disunity and Partition.

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louis the pious
Louis the Pious
  • Continued policy of monastic reform
    • Benedict of Aniane
  • Two marriages, four sons
    • Rebellion
  • Oath of Strasbourg
  • Treaty of Verdun
  • Fragmentation of trade networks
disunity and partition
Disunity and Partition
  • What were some of the reasons for the collapse of the Carolingian Empire?
  • What were some of the consequences of that collapse?


  • Why did the Northmen begin to prey on their neighbors at about this time?
    • Population pressure; political reasons (HaraldFinehair)
  • How extensive was their reach?
    • Varangian Guard
  • What made them so frightening?
  • Raids led to invasions
responses to vikings
Responses to Vikings
  • Alfred the Great
    • Danelaw

Rollo, first duke of Normandy, 911

Plate 4.1 The Jelling Monument

fragmentation and disorder
Fragmentation and Disorder
  • Magyars: horsemen from Hungary
    • Battle of Lechfeld, Otto the Great
  • Slavs and Avars
    • Conversion: Slavic Orthodox Church
division and struggle
Division and struggle
  • Theme system: localized military support (7th c onward)
  • Central imperial government vs. local rulers (“Dynatoi”), 10th century
    • Struggle for control over resources of countryside
    • Cities, which had gone into decline, had begun to experience a resurgence
  • Sourcebook 4.2 RomanusLecapenusNovel
  • Iconoclasts vs. iconodules
    • Shifted in support with sympathies of emperors (Irene an iconodule)
    • Two outbreaks: 8th century and early 9th century
the rus
The Rus
  • Originated with Scandinavian traders
    • Centered at Novgorod, then south at Kiev
  • Bordered by Khazars (converted to Judaism)
  • Converted to Christianity through Vladimir
    • Marriage to Byzantine princess, Basil II’s sister
  • Conversions:
    • Polish to Roman Catholicicsm
    • Hungary to Catholicism
    • Khazars to Judaism
    • Bulgars to Islam
    • Rus to Eastern Orthodox Christianity
  • 4.11 The Russian Primary Chronicle
the islamic world
The Islamic World
  • Abbasid Dynasty (750-1258)
    • Displaced Umayyads
    • Capital established at Baghdad
    • Arabian Nights (early 10th century)
    • Islamic Renaissance
  • Dissatisfaction, fragmentation
    • Fatimids in Egypt, Shi’ites
  • Attacks on Sicily, southern Italy from North Africa; also southern France, Spain
  • What were the results of these attacks? (hint: not all negative!)
  • Shi’ites: imams, mahdi
  • Toleration of Jews
the end of the world
The End of the World?
  • Y1K: Apocalypse When
  • Dhuoda’s manual to her son
  • Cluny 910
  • Peace of God
  • Characterize the mood of apocalypticism as the millenium approached. How did the corruption of the church contribute to this mood?
    • Takeover of church lands by local nobles
    • Simony
    • Papal office
      • John XII