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The United Kingdom of Israel. Lesson #1: David Becomes King II Sm. 1: - 5:5 “For whatever things were written before were written for our learning, that we through the patience and comfort of the Scriptures might have hope.” (Romans 15:4)

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The united kingdom of israel

The United Kingdom of Israel

Lesson #1: David Becomes King

II Sm. 1: - 5:5

“For whatever things were written before were written for our learning, that we through the patience and comfort of the Scriptures might have hope.” (Romans 15:4)

“Now all these things happened to them as examples, and they were written for our admonition, upon whom the ends of the ages have come.”(I Corinthians 10:11)


  • Review: The life & times of Samuel, Saul and David.

    • Samuel was the 13th judge, birth and early childhood.

    • Hannah’s vow and Eli/son’s fall.

    • Disaster and loss follows the arks to Kirjath-Jermin.

    • Israel demands a king.

    • Saul reigns 40 years with rejection, jealousy and death.

    • David’s early history, advancement and outlaw life.

  • Expectations:

    • Lots of reading and harmonizing the chronology.

    • Read about the genealogies from the Patriarchs to the Tribes of Israel along with historical statements in I Ch. 1-9.

  • If we do not learn from history, then we will be apt to repeat it.

Two key characters abner and joab
Two Key Characters: Abner and Joab

  • Abner (I Sm. 17:55-57, 11, 24):

    • Becomes Saul’s commander (II Sm. 2:8)

    • Cowardice and lazy to his duty (18:30; 26:13-16)

    • David is more wise (18:13)

    • David’s promotion is known (26:5)

    • He was not a good man and no friend of David.

  • Joab (I Sm. 26:6):

    • He was related to David (I Ch. 2:12-17).

    • Joins David at the cave of Addulum (22:1-2)

    • Becomes David’s commander (I Ch. 11:6)

    • He was a courageous military leader, mediator, and declined credit.

Discussion questions
Discussion Questions

  • How was the death of Saul and his sons reported to David and how did David respond (II Sm. 1:1- 16)?

    • The man may have went to loot, not protect or fight.

    • Report: Arrows, not dead yet, leaning on a spear (1:10)

    • Amalakite murdered Saul – a mercy killing. Is this compassion?

    • He thought David would be pleased (4:9-10; II Sm. 4:10).

      • He expected a reward, knows where to find David, tells all, mentions Jonathan and not Saul’s other sons, assumes Saul and David are enemies, aware of David as the next king, proudly admits to killing Saul (1:1; II Sm. 15).

      • David just defeated the Amalakites on a high note.

    • David wants verification of the story – “How do you know…?” (I Sm. 31).

    • David mourns, weeps, fast, and tore his clothes over the death of the Lord’s anointed (1:12).

    • “Your blood is on your own head, for your own mouth has testified against you, saying, ‘I have killed the LORD’s anointed.’” (1:16)

Discussion questions1
Discussion Questions

  • Describe the Song of the Bow (II Sm. 1:17-27).

    • It is hard to say words of comfort at a funeral.

    • A special labor of love (Saul & Jonathan)

    • Nothing negative about Saul

    • Honors them as fallen hero’s

    • Begins with Saul, and ends with Jonathan

    • Expresses covenant with Jonathan

    • Written for a wider audience than David’s 600 men

    • Words of a Song – “Farther Along”

Discussion questions2
Discussion Questions

  • Lesson to Learn: Never glory in the misfortunes of others. (I Co. 13:4-7; Ro. 1:32; Ga. 6:1-5; I Co. 12:12; Ep. 4:25-32)

    • Bitterness, wrath, anger, clamor and evil-speaking are childish actions. Mature actions involve kindness, tenderness, and forgiveness. – Ep. 4:31-32

    • “Weep with those who weep and rejoice with those who rejoice.”

    • We are the “bear with one another’s burden’s.” It is hard to bear and care for others if we do not know them!

    • Love does not “rejoice in iniquity.”

Discussion questions3
Discussion Questions

  • Lesson to Learn:"Good news" is not always received as "good news.“ (II Sm. 4:10;II Th.1:7-8)

    • “when someone told me, saying, ‘Look, Saul is dead,’ thinking to have brought good news, I arrested him and had him executed in Ziklag—the one who thought I would give him a reward for his news.” (II Sm. 4:10)

    • Being deceptive and joking around is not always good.

    • Some find the gospel offensive and distasteful.

    • “and to give you who are troubled rest with us when the Lord Jesus is revealed from heaven with His mighty angels, in flaming fire taking vengeance on those who do not know God, and on those who do not obey the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ.” (II Th. 1:7-8)

Discussion questions4
Discussion Questions

  • Lesson To Learn:We must deal with our enemies by trusting in God, obeying God, forgiving others, respecting and thinking highly of others. (Ph. 4:8; I Co. 14:4-5, 17, 26; 14:; Ge. 50:20; I Pt. 2:17; Mt. 5:44; Ph. 2:1-8; 4:8; I Pt. 2:21-25)

    • If David is angry with a man who killed the Lord’s anointed, then how does God feel about those who killed Jesus, God’s anointed? Read Hb. 10:26-31.

    • David and Joseph experience God’s providential care.

    • “Vengeance is Mine, I will repay,” says the Lord.” (Ro. 12:19-21)

    • We are to forgive and forget. Some may not get mad, but get even.

    • We are to “pray” for and “do good” to our enemies because we want to, not because we have to.

    • Follow Jesus’ example and His commands.

Discussion questions5
Discussion Questions

  • How did David become King of Judah (II Sm. 2:1-7)?

    • First, David seeks divine guidance – “…David inquired of the LORD, saying, “Shall I go up to any of the cities of Judah?...” (2:1)

    • Second, David obeyed the instructions to go to Hebron – “So David went up there…” (2:2).

    • Judah anointed David as king (2:4). He was king of only Judah.

    • Judah remembered his graciousness to Jabesh Gilead (2:5).

Discussion questions6
Discussion Questions

  • Who was Ishbosheth and how did he become king of Israel (II Sm. 2:8-11)?

    • He was Saul’s 40 year old son (2:10).

    • Abner takes Ishbosheth and mades him king of all Israel (2:8-9).

    • He reigned for 2 years in Mahanaim (2:8, 10).

Discussion questions7
Discussion Questions

  • Describe the civil war between Ishbosheth and David (II Sm. 2:12-3:1).

    • 12 members of each “gang” fought to resolve a tribal dispute. Intent to kill was rooted in hatred and all 24 killed each other (2:15-17).

    • Causalities of war were 20 versus 360 dead (2:30).

    • Abner kills Joab’s brother with the blunt end of a spear (2:23).

    • The house of David and Saul are at war, but David gets stronger – “Now there was a long war between the house of Saul and the house of David. But David grew stronger and stronger, and the house of Saul grew weaker and weaker.” (3:1).

Discussion questions8
Discussion Questions

  • Lesson To Learn:It is not the big things that destroy us, but the little things that become big. At a time of stress the little cracks become a break or division. (SofS 2:15; Pr. 26:19; Eccl. 1:9; I Co. 1:10-13; 12:25)

    • “Is the man who deceives his neighbor, And says, “I was only joking!””

    • Tasteless jokes - “I was just kidding.”

    • I bet your tongue will stick to the flag pole - “I triple dog dare you.”

    • What starts division? Ego maniacs, following men, believing false doctrine, etc.

    • Barney Fife’s advise, “Nip it in the bud.”

Discussion questions9
Discussion Questions

  • How many sons did David have and who were they (II Sm. 3:2-5)?

    • 6 Sons: Amnon, Chileab, Absalom, Adonijah, Shephatiah, Ithream.

    • 6 Wives: Ahinoam, Abigal, Maacah, Haggith, Abital, Eglah.

    • #7 Wife: Michal was rightfully married to David, but Saul gave her to another man. David wants her back! (3:13-16)

Discussion questions10
Discussion Questions

  • How did Abner join forces with David (II Sm. 3:6-21)? What happened to Abner (II Sm. 3:22-30)? How did David respond to the death of Abner (II Sm. 3:31-39)?

    • Abner joins David because:

      • Saul’s house is weakens (3:8-11)

      • Bold action with the concubine of Saul publicly declares the right to rule (3:7).

      • Abner is now in control and can negotiate (3:12).

      • David made a peace agreement (3:22-23)

    • Joab’s surprises, stabs and kills Abner by the gate. Joab’s house is cursed (3:29).

    • David mourned in sack cloth, fasted, wept, sang a lamenting song (3:31). – A funeral message (3:33-34).

      • David shows he did not intend to kill Abner out of respect (3:37-38).

Discussion questions11
Discussion Questions

  • How was Ishbosheth murdered and how did David respond (II Sm. 4:1-12)?

    • The promise David made to Saul – “Therefore swear now to me by the LORD that you will not cut off my descendants after me, and that you will not destroy my name from my father’s house.” So David swore to Saul…” (24:21-22).

    • David would not remove Ishbosheth.

    • Two captains killed Ishbosheth by cutting his head off and bringing the “good news” to David.

    • David had them killed.

Discussion questions12
Discussion Questions

  • How did David become king (II Sm. 5:1-5)? How old was David? How long and where did he reign?

    • After 15 years, David the shepherd boy is to be king. He waited 7 more years due to Ishbosheth’s reign and his promise to Saul.

    • David was 23 years old when he was made king over Judah, and 30 years old when he was made king over Israel.

    • David reigned in Jerusalem over all Israel for 33 years and in Hebron over Judah for 7 years and 6 months (2:11). A total of 40 years.

    • Elders of Israel made David king based on three things (5:1-2):

      • We are family - “Indeed we are your bone and your flesh”

      • Knowledge of God’s promise – “You shall shepherd My people Israel, and be ruler over Israel.”

      • David is better than Saul - “you were the one who led Israel out and brought them in.”

Discussion questions final thoughts
Discussion Questions – Final Thoughts

  • Lesson To Learn:Waiting on the Lord is a part of life. Good things come to those who wait. God moves in His time, and is not in a hurry. In times of waiting many have failed in their faith and obedience. Satan takes advantage of us during divine waiting.

    • Examples of waiting:

      • Abraham waited 25 years for Issac, the son of promise.

      • Noah waited 120 years for the flood.

      • Jacob waited 14 years for Rachal.

      • Israel waited 430 years for deliverance from Egyptian bondage.

      • We are waiting more than 2,000 years for Jesus’ return.

Discussion questions final thoughts1
Discussion Questions – Final Thoughts

  • Lesson To Learn:Waiting on the Lord is a part of life. Good things come to those who wait. God moves in His time, and is not in a hurry. In times of waiting many have failed in their faith and obedience. Satan takes advantage of us during divine waiting.

    • Satan capitalizes on doubt and distrust (II Pt. 3:1-5).

    • The testing (adversity) of our faith produces patience (Hb. 11:13-16).

      • We must be patience and wait to become mature, to join in the marriage union, discerning good and evil, etc.

      • We must not give up like so many have done (i.e. pleasures, riches, fame, suicide, etc.)