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How to Write Good Essays. Oh! Essays…. Essays are important to get good marks. But, after you leave college…….?. You may be asked to write project reports, observation reports, audit reports etc.

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oh essays
Oh! Essays….
  • Essays are important to get good marks.
  • But, after you leave college…….?

Prepared by: D K Singhal

slide4

You may be asked to write project reports, observation reports, audit reports etc.

  • A good essay writing capability will help you writing all these with ease, in a fairly readable and presentable manner.
  • No doubt, it also gives you an upper edge over your colleagues.

Prepared by: D K Singhal

why to discuss it here
Why to Discuss it Here?
  • Why this separate class for the essays?
  • In school-
    • More focus on marks
    • Monotony
    • More number of students
    • Lack of knowledge of working culture in modern job scenario
    • Overloaded teachers

Prepared by: D K Singhal

what is an essay
What is an essay?
  • An Essay is a group of paragraphs about a specific subject.
  • Like a paragraph, an essay generally makes and supports one main theme point.

Prepared by: D K Singhal

essay
Essay
  • An essay is a literary device for saying almost everything about almost anything

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is that you
Is That You?

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why to write an essay
Why to Write an Essay?
  • You want to convince someone regarding your point of view regarding an issue.
  • You want to present multiple ideas/issues that wouldn’t fit into a single paragraph situation.
  • You want to sound intelligent and organized.
  • Finally, you want to get good marks in your school, college or university!

Prepared by: D K Singhal

types of essays
Types of Essays

Argumentative Essay Cause And Effect Essay

Classification Essay Comparison Essay

Critical Essay Deductive Essay

Descriptive Essay Definition Essay

Discussion Essay Exploratory Essay

Scholarship Essay Informal Essay

Literature Essay Narrative Essay

Personal Essay Persuasive Essay

Research Essay Response Essay

Prepared by: D K Singhal

slide11

That was the approach you are used to understand topics in school.

  • Don’t be afraid. I am not going to be so BORING.
  • So, shell we begin visualizing essays in a different perspective?
  • If yes, be prepared to answer a couple of questions.

Prepared by: D K Singhal

slide12
Q. 1:

Do you like

Golgappe?

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do you like golgappe
Do you like Golgappe?
  • Funny!
  • Isn’t it?
  • What is common between Golgappe and Essays?
  • Anyway, move on to the next question……

Prepared by: D K Singhal

slide14
Q. 2:
  • Well! If some of you don’t like Golgappe, replace this with Rasgulle, and answer this-
  • Can you eat five Golgappe (Rasgulle) at a time?
  • Yes / No.

Prepared by: D K Singhal

slide15
Ans.:
  • I think you cannot eat five Golgappe (or Rasgulle) at one time.
  • You eat these only one by one. First, second, third…… and so and so forth.

Prepared by: D K Singhal

lesson
Lesson:
  • That is the first aspect of writing an essay.
  • Never try to write the whole essay in one go; write it in step by step.
  • Break your essay in several parts.

Prepared by: D K Singhal

essay breaking examples
Essay Breaking Examples-
  • Introduction
  • Body Text
    • About the topic
    • Its good points
    • Its disadvantages
  • Conclusion

Prepared by: D K Singhal

introduction
Introduction
  • Does Introduction need any introduction?
  • Tell me if you are asked to write an essay on “My School”, what are going to be first two-three lines of it?

Prepared by: D K Singhal

slide19

My school name is…..abcdef….?

  • This is a good school.
  • I read in …..abcdef…. School.
  • It is located at ….abc Road……
  • Or would you like to consider something different?

Prepared by: D K Singhal

my school
My School
  • Basic education plays an important role in developing good citizens for country.
  • A good school is like a ‘processing plant’ where capabilities of a student are developed and improved continuously.
  • My school, “Name of Your School” is sincerely fulfilling its responsibilities towards its goal to a better nation.

Prepared by: D K Singhal

introduction1
Introduction
  • Never jump to main topic at once.
  • Start at some other point, and slowly and slowly come to the main subject.
  • Remember, from something else, you have to come to the point, and not follow the reverse path, like in next example.

Prepared by: D K Singhal

slide22

My school name is …..abcdef…..

  • My school is very big. Airplane is also very big. Airplane flies in the air. We breathe in air. Air is very important for us to live. Studies are also very important. So we go to our school. I go by bus to my school. I like going to school and coming back from school. It is the time in between I don’t like much.
  • Out of 10, how many marks you’d give to this type of essay.

Prepared by: D K Singhal

another example what are the various sources and types of air pollution
Another Example: What are the various sources and types of Air Pollution ?
  • As a result of removal of natural vegetation, industrialization and increase in the number of automobiles, the air over big cities is heavily contaminated with dust, smoke and poisonous gases like carbon monoxide, sulphur dioxide and oxides of nitrogen.
  • The contamination of air with dust, smoke and harmful gases, which adversely affect human beings and other living organisms, is called air pollution. The substances whose presence in air produces air pollution are called air pollutants.
  • Some of the major air pollutants are carbon monoxide, excess carbon dioxide, sulphur dioxide, oxides of nitrogen, lower organic molecules, dust and smoke. Polluted air produces a large number of harmful effects on the living and non-living things.
  • So Boring…… 

Prepared by: D K Singhal

slide24

Remember-

  • A good introduction must be able to create readers interest in whatever you have written.
  • It is the introduction on which the reader usually decides whether to it read further or not.

Prepared by: D K Singhal

what not to write in introduction
What Not to write in Introduction
  • Don’t apologize- no starting like- “In my opinion” or “I may not be an expert, but….”
  • Don’t begin with dictionary definitions.
  • Don’t announce what you intend to do. “The purpose of this essay is to….” or “I am going to argue that….” should be avoided.

Prepared by: D K Singhal

body text
Body Text
  • Body text is the main part of essay.
  • Here you need to be very clear, specific, straightforward, and systematic.

Prepared by: D K Singhal

body text outline
Body Text: Outline
  • For more clear vision, let us divide body text also in several heads. This is called outlining or structuring.
  • A few examples show this-

Prepared by: D K Singhal

outline my school
Outline: My School

My school

  • Strength (no. of students)
  • Canteen….. ……. …….!!!!
  • No. of Teachers
  • No. of Classrooms, laboratories etc.
  • Recreational facilities
  • Other achievements
  • etc. etc.
  • You may decide to write 1-2 or 3 lines on every point.

Prepared by: D K Singhal

slide29

Did you notice something?

  • In outline or structure, you must have noticed that the canteen is coming between students and teachers.
  • Does it look nice?
  • No. But after writing outlines, you can change the sequence of the outline points.

Prepared by: D K Singhal

slide30

My school

  • Strength (no. of students)
  • Canteen….. ……. …….!!!!
  • No. of Teachers
  • No. of Classrooms, laboratories etc.
  • Recreational facilities
  • Other achievements
  • etc. etc.
  • You may decide to write 1-2-3 or more lines on every point.

Prepared by: D K Singhal

slide31

Before going further, take a break for a couple of minutes and think if you would like to give good marks to a student in essay where canteen comes in between students and teachers?

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slide32

Well, while many of you are smiling, why there are some faced who are looking sad?

  • Remembering Golgappas!

Prepared by: D K Singhal

body text1
Body Text
  • Flow (Readability)
  • Flow is another important requirement in any essay. While you read, you must be able to relate each and every sentence with the earlier one.
  • Read what you have written several times. If you find it seems a little difficult, fragment some long sentences or consider changing some words with their synonyms.

Prepared by: D K Singhal

slide34

In most of the lower classes, poor flow is the general observation.

  • After you write an essay, try to read by heart several times to find out any flow problem.
  • Examples….

Prepared by: D K Singhal

example if i were the principal of my school
Example: If I were the principal of my school
  • As the session begins, I would see to it that all the difficult subjects are not taught one after the other. Science should be followed by English and not by Maths. Sometimes the principals of schools have a poor knowledge of what students like and they thrust a lot down their throats without caring that they are not always receptive.
  • I would encourage a lot of sports and extra curricular activities like drama, music, painting, creative writing, clay modeling, photography, horse riding, swimming, dancing, etc. This would keep the students interested in coming to school and they would enjoy their long hours of stay in school. When there are so many interesting activities for the students, they remain happy and their mind is able to absorb the lessons from the most difficult subjects with greater case.

Prepared by: D K Singhal

example if i were the principal of my school1
Example: If I were the principal of my school
  • As the session begins, I would see to it that all the difficult subjects are not taught one after the other. Science should be followed by English and not by Maths. Sometimes the principals of schools have a poor knowledge of what students like and they thrust a lot down their throats without caring that they are not always receptive.
  • The above underlined matter gives a poor readability (Poor Flow!).

Prepared by: D K Singhal

grammar
Grammar
  • Grammar is extremely important.
  • Grammar should not be confined to a single sentence but to entire essay.
  • How is it possible?

Prepared by: D K Singhal

grammar examples
Grammar (Examples)
  • Today my parents were at hospital in Delhi. They will visit my Uncle Raju because he had an operation. My Uncle is feeling well now and he will be home soon.
  • Last Sunday, I was on the beach in Goa. I sunbathed and went swimming because it was sunny and hot. The beach was crowded and I had a great time.

Prepared by: D K Singhal

grammar examples1
Grammar (Examples)
  • Today my parents were at hospital in Delhi. They will visit my Uncle Raju because he had an operation. My Uncle is feeling well now and he will be home soon.
  • Last Sunday, I was on the beach in Goa. I sunbathed and went swimming because it was sunny and hot. The beach was crowded and I had a great time.

Prepared by: D K Singhal

slide40

So far you have used grammar mainly to sentences.

  • A sentence may be grammatically correct, but if its tense is not the same as per the theme, it becomes incorrect.
  • Always pay attention to tenses in sentences.

Prepared by: D K Singhal

sample poor use of tenses
Sample: Poor Use of Tenses
  • I go to the store and I bought milk. 
  • I will eat fish for dinner and drank milk with my dinner. 

Prepared by: D K Singhal

sample poor use of tenses1
Sample: Poor Use of Tenses
  • I go to the store and I bought milk. 
    • Go is a present tense verb. Bought is a past tense verb. Bought should be buy milk since these two events both occur at the same time. 
  • I will eat fish for dinner and drank milk with my dinner. 
    • Will eat is a future tense verb but drank is a past tense verb. Since the dinner is going to happen in the future, it is not possible that the milk was drunk already. 

Prepared by: D K Singhal

punctuation do i need to say more
Punctuation: Do I need to say more?

Prepared by: D K Singhal

spellings
Spellings
  • Spellings should be always correct. If you are in doubt, make a practice to refer to dictionary regularly. This will help you a lot in later stage.
  • Sometimes, wrong spellings may make a sentence absurd. Be careful.

Prepared by: D K Singhal

poor use of spellings
Poor Use of Spellings

Prepared by: D K Singhal

poor spellings
Poor Spellings!

Prepared by: D K Singhal

conclusions
Conclusions
  • Conclusion is for giving a final impression of your topic, essay and your views. In conclusion, you may-
  • Give a recommendation what the reader should do after reading essay.
  • Give a prediction about what will follow.
  • End with a relevant quote.

Prepared by: D K Singhal

finally
Finally…

Prepared by: D K Singhal

general tricks
General Tricks
  • Do not write in 1st person. (Avoid ”I”)
  • Move from weakest point to strongest.
  • Do not start a body / concluding paragraph with a quotation.
  • Always stick to tense.
  • If you have time, put it aside for some time, and revise.
  • Read your essay aloud, as you are making a speech. You will be able to find out some of the errors.

Prepared by: D K Singhal

how to write good
How to Write Good!
  • In the next slide, you will see simple DO’s and DON’Ts about how to write good.
  • Each sentence is true, individually correct, but as a whole, deny of what it itself is saying.
  • May look like organizing a Chowmin-Pizza-Burger party to spread the message against fast foods.

Prepared by: D K Singhal

practice
Practice
  • Practice Well, before you can say it……….
  • Whenever stuck, think……..
  • GOLGAPPAs

Prepared by: D K Singhal

slide54

About the Author:

Born in 1968, D K Singhal is B.E., M.E. (Pulp & Paper, 1993) from Deptt. of Paper Technology, University of Roorkee (now IIT, Roorkee). He was certified as Certified Energy Auditor in 2004 with Bureau of Energy Efficiency. In addition to practical experience in papermaking, project planning, research and development, consultancy, automation etc.; energy conservation and cost reduction have been his main areas of concern.

With nearly 6 dozen publications, he has emphasized on development of low cost technologies and management practices for quality and profitability improvement. With publications on energymanagertraining.com and paperonweb.com, he has been constantly contributing to IPPTA. He is also serving IPPTA as a member of Editorial Board and Executive Committee. With Chandpur Enterprises Ltd., development of quality MG poster paper on carbon steel fabricated yankee cylinder, design, engineering, erection and commissioning of surface winding on supercalender both for the first time in India, are some of his achievements.

An initiative by D K Singhal, a cyber campaign initiated against unjustified targeting of paper industry by “Idea” mobile, in their “Sirjee” advertisement campaign, after which this advertisement was taken off air.

He has also moderated a Yahoo group, “PaperTechnology” with nearly 360 members from India and abroad to discuss problems related to pulp & paper making.

He can be contacted at deveshksinghal@gmail.com

Prepared by: D K Singhal