Chapter 14 15 the age of imperialism
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Chapter 14-15 The Age of Imperialism. 1850-1914. Questions to ask?. What are some reasons/motives on why countries(think of yours) would take over another country? (Create a list) How will the actions of Europeans impact the people of the nations Europeans are taking over?.

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Chapter 14 15 the age of imperialism

Chapter 14-15The Age of Imperialism


Questions to ask
Questions to ask?

  • What are some reasons/motives on why countries(think of yours) would take over another country? (Create a list)

  • How will the actions of Europeans impact the people of the nations Europeans are taking over?

So what is imperialism
So what is Imperialism?

  • It is the takeover of a country or territory by the stronger nation with the intent of DOMINATING the political, economical, and social life of the people of that nation.


  • WHY????????????

Motives csi imperialsim

  • Nationalism (Glory)

  • Social Darwinism: We are better than the people we conquer. “Survival of the fittest”

    Why would Europeans develop this ideology and what basis did it serve?

  • Militarism(Glory): Building of army, now European countries want to test them out and to protect their invested places/colonies

Motives continued
Motives continued……

4. GOD: Desire to spread their religions and beliefs

5. Civilization: Western way of life and culture superior to that of other nations because of new advancements and progress

6. Economic (greed): Need for natural resources, expand markets, desire to invest profits, outlet needed for growing population.

What allowed imperialism to happen
What allowed Imperialism to happen?

A. Internal forces in Europe:

1. Industrial Revolution

2. Age of Exploration

3. Easy travel and communication

4. Technology: Weapons= Maxim gun

5. Revolutions!!! Dramatic change!!!

B. External forces:

Areas such as Africa, S. America, Asia all were disunited and were troubled with internal problems. No real feeling of Nationalism to bring the people together. Life disrupted by events such as the slave trade and early exposure to European Explorers who came and conquered.

Forms of imperialistic rule
Forms of Imperialistic Rule

  • Colony: Governed internally by a foreign power.

  • Protectorate: its own internal government, but under the control of a foreign power

  • Sphere of Influence: Area where an outside power claims ownership for economic purposes

  • Economic Imperialism: independent, less developed nations controlled by private business interests rather than by other goven’t.

Direct and indirect rule
Direct and Indirect Rule

  • Direct rule= Where a countries rulers and elite are replaced by the country taking over them and where the new country puts in power their own officials.

  • Indirect Rule= Where the country taking over allows local officials to continue to rule, but in the reported to the dominating country

European countries now had two main goals
European countries now had two main goals:

1. Keep peace within Europe

2. Help the undermined, feeble, weak exist in the new society of European power and dominace

Now onto africa
Now onto Africa…. in South East Asia and Latin America

Questions to think about….

  • Why did Europe want to take over Africa?

  • Why was it known as the “Dark Continent”?

  • How did they decide who gets what?

  • What was the significant impact of imperializing Africa?

Video clip imperialism in africa
Video Clip: Imperialism in Africa in South East Asia and Latin America


Africa before imperialism
Africa Before Imperialism nations?

-Hundreds of ethnic groups and religions

-Thousands of languages

-Varied political systems

-Powerful armies

-Difficult terrain, natural

-Trade networks already in place

-Full of Resources/materials, etc.

2. Technology – helped to control Africa while maintaining contact with home; (machine gun, quinine)

Pg. 439

3.The Ottoman Empire broke apart, and European powers took some of its lands in Northern Africa (Egypt, Libya, Algeria, Tunisia, etc. )

What would be some other factors as to why Europeans would eventually “wander” into the “Dark Continent”?

1.Lack of unity of African people eventually “wander” into the “Dark Continent”?

2. The discovery of gold and diamonds and other valuable resources in Africa increased European interest in the continent

Cecil rhodes british entrepreneur
CECIL RHODES(British Entrepreneur) eventually “wander” into the “Dark Continent”?


Ignoring claims of African ethnic groups, kingdoms, and city-states, European established colonial claims in Africa.


What are the five regions of africa what do each of these regions have that europe wants
What are the Five Regions of Africa? city-states, European established colonial claims in Africa.What do each of these regions have that Europe wants?

Berlin Conference 1885: city-states, European established colonial claims in Africa.

Slicing Africa like a cake!!! Everyone can enjoy as long as you don’t take too much!

European powers met and agreed that any nation could claim any part of Africa simply by telling the others and showing that they had control of the area.

France and britain fight over egypt
France and Britain fight over Egypt city-states, European established colonial claims in Africa.

  • Why:

    • Economic value of the Nile River

    • Modernized (Muhammad Ali)

    • Gateway to various places ( India and China)

    • $$$$$$ and POWER!!!!!!

    • Wanted to build a canal

Henry stanley
Henry Stanley city-states, European established colonial claims in Africa.

Dr livingston i presume
“Dr. Livingston, I presume.” city-states, European established colonial claims in Africa.

King leopold ii belgium
King Leopold II (Belgium) city-states, European established colonial claims in Africa.

Video clip king leopold ii of belgium and the conquest of the congo
Video Clip: King Leopold II of Belgium and the Conquest of the Congo


British and their cape colony
British and their “Cape Colony” the Congo

  • British seize South Africa from the Dutch

  • Find Gold and Diamonds

  • Boers (Afrikaners/Dutch descendents) became upset at the British authority in South Africa

  • Moved to a separate region, put the “indigenous”/natives on reservations

  • Boers believed superiority came from God

  • Conflict soon began between the Boers and the native people called Zulu tribe

  • British don’t like this and help out..Who wins?

  • Some used a policy of the Congoassimilation – all institutions, way of life, etc. were patterned after the imperialist country’s mother land.

    IE. Tried to make people more “French” or more “British).

    (Food, religion, politics, customs, traditions, values, morals, etc. )

2 some used paternalism
2. Some used Paternalism the Congo

  • A policy of governing in a fatherly way…meet peoples’ needs but don’t give them rights

  • Europeans brought in their own government and didn’t train natives how to rule themselves: WHY?????

3 force
3. Force the Congo

  • Europeans had more advanced, well organized militaries that dominated the local natives into submission

  • Natives had little to no influence in any decisions that were being made to their homelands.

Some benefits
SOME BENEFITS……. the Congo

  • Education and schools

  • Rise of African Nationalism

  • Infrastructure was built up (roads, railroads, etc.)

  • Temporary stability

Damages out weigh the benefits
Damages out weigh the benefits the Congo

  • Destroyed traditional African society

  • Forced poor working conditions (for all)

  • Problems created by boundaries drawn by Europeans

  • Segregation (Europeans received all the best and Natives received little to nothing)

  • Legacy of European superiority

  • Robbed of natural resources

  • Conflict and wars (still occurring today)

  • Genocide


Opposing viewpoints page 440
Opposing Viewpoints: page 440 the Congo

  • For tomorrow: Read opposing view points

  • Answer the questions in your notes

  • We will be going over this on Friday