Referencing without tears: why, when and how to cite. Dr Emma Coonan, Research Skills Librarian. Referencing: boring but important. © evaxebra www.flickr.com. Why do it at all?. Ensuring that your readers can distinguish between your own and others’ thinking means that you:
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Dr Emma Coonan, Research Skills Librarian
Ensuring that your readers can distinguish between your own and others’ thinking means that you:
You must cite your source …
You must give both parts of the reference to avoid the charge of plagiarism!
“In a recent study of parenthetical citation practice (Walker, 2007) …”
1. Anthony Grafton, The Footnote: A Curious History (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1997).
There are many different citation styles …
… and they vary across the University.
Your school or department will probably have a preferred citation style. It might even be mandatory to use a particular style.
Do you know which one you should use …
… or where to find out?
Brabazon, Tara. The University of Google: Education in the (Post) Information Age. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2007.
[Book reference, MLA style]
Burn, Andrew, and Jenny Leach, ‘ICT and moving image literacy in English,’ in The impact of ICT on literacy education, ed. by Richard Andrews (London: RoutledgeFalmer, 2004) [Chapter reference, MHRA style]
Mellers, B. A. (2000). Choice and the relative pleasure of consequences. Psychological Bulletin, 126, 910-924.
[Journal article reference, APA5]
Yeh, Michelle. “The ‘Cult of Poetry’ in Contemporary China.” Journal of Asian Studies 55 (1996): 51-80. [Journal article reference, Turabian – reference list style]
Uzzi, Brian, and Jarrett Spiro. 2005. Collaboration and creativity: The small world problem. American Journal of Sociology 111, no. 2 (September). http://www.journals.uchicago.edu/AJS/journal/issues/v111n2.html (accessed December 19, 2005) [Turabian]
"You are greeted inside by parallel rows of massive columns that recall the façade of an Egyptian temple, vividly banded in red and blue. Above, projecting walkways and ‘seminar balconies’ zig-zagging around the walls add to the theatrical feel, as do the lattice-sided stairs that criss-cross the interior space like something imagined by Escher or perhaps Piranesi. It's an eclectic and exuberant mix of colours, styles and materials: colourful, a touch vulgar even, but undeniably exciting.”
Once inside the building you face rows of massive Egyptianate columns, banded in blue and red. Above you are walkways and balconies which feel theatrical, while the criss-cross lattice-sided stairs are like something Escher might have imagined. All in all, it is an interesting and exuberant mix of styles and colours. Some might think it is a bit vulgar but you can’t deny that it is exciting.
Courtesy of Andy Priestner, JBS Library
You don’t need to cite a source if you’re stating a fact that:
www.admin.cam.ac.uk/univ/plagiarism/students/referencing commonknowledge.html (2008)
You find a useful quotation from another source in the item you’re reading, and can’t locate the original source.
“Murray’s conclusion (2003, p.65) supported the views of White (2001) on genetic abnormalities in crops.”
(Pears & Shields, 2005)
‘Cite while you write’ automatically fills in citations in the correct style and format
Also offers the ‘Cite while you write’ function and output styles
- Print copies of major style guides (UL Reading Room: R860)
- Library research skills sessions www.lib.cam.ac.uk/Courses
Li, Xia. Electronic Style: A Guide to Citing Electronic Information. Westport: Meckler, 1993.
Neville, Colin. The Complete Guide to Referencing and Avoiding Plagarism. 3 January 2007. <http://www.myilibrary.com/Browse/open.asp?ID=112960&loc=i> (accessed 30 January 2009).
Pears, Richard, and Graham Shields. Cite Them Right: the Essential Guide to Referencing and Plagiarism. Newcastle: Pear Tree, 2005.
Stothard, Michael. “‘1 in 2’ Admits to Plagiarism.” Varsity 31 Oct. 2008: 1-2.
Turabian, Kate L. A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations. 7th ed. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 2007.
At www.lib.cam.ac.uk/Courses/you can …
E-mail us at firstname.lastname@example.org