Islam. Islam is intimately connected with the the Judeo-Christian tradition. Muslims are strictly monotheistic. They believe in the Judeo-Christian God. Muslims believe that the Torah and the Bible, like the Qur’an, is the word of God.
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“There is no god worthy of worship except God and Muhammad is His Messenger.”
“La ilaha illa Allah; Muhammed rasul Allah.”
This declaration of faith is a simple formula that all Muslims pronounce and accept.
Salat is the name for the mandatory prayers that are performed five times a day. They are a direct link between the worshipper and God.
Muslims believe that all things belong to God, and that wealth is therefore held by people in trust. Zakat means both ‘purification’ and ‘growth’. Muslims purify their possessions by setting aside a portion for those in need. For the most part, this involves a payment of at least 2.5% of one’s capital every year. Giving more is highly recommended.
Every year during the month of Ramadan, Muslims fast from dawn until sunset. During this time, they refrain from both eating and drinking. Fasting is regarded principally as a method of self-purification. It helps make a person more sympathetic with those who go hungry and it allows for spiritual growth. The end of Ramadan is marked by a festival called Eid-ul-Fitr.
The Hajj is the annual pilgrimage to Mecca. Every Muslim who is physically and financially able is required to go at least once in his/her lifetime. 2-3 million people go every year.
The close of Hajj is marked
by a festival called Eid-ul-
Adha. Above is the Kaaba.