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International Instruments for Protection and Promotion of Workers’ Rights in the Era of Globalization . Points for Discussions. Summary of international instruments available for trade unions in their campaigns for core labour standards and labour rights;
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G8 and regional / bilateral /unilateral initiatives
CSR and private voluntary initiatives
1. Businesses should support and respect the protection of internationally proclaimed human rights.
2. Make sure they are not complicit in human rights abuses.
3. Businesses should uphold the freedom of association and the effective recognition of the right to collective bargaining;
4. The elimination of all forms of forced and compulsory labour;
5. The effective abolition of child labour;
6. Eliminate discrimination in respect of employment occupation.
7. Business should support a precautionary approach to environmental challenges;
8. Undertake initiatives to promote greater environmental responsibility;
9. Encourage the development and diffusion of environmentally friendly technologies.
10. Businesses should work against corruption in all its forms, including extortion and bribery
Annual Reviewon Non-ratified Core Standards
- Strengthen FoA and the creation of unions
As response of global community to the growing power of MNEs
Note:These are not VPIs!
Four Major Characteristics
“Commitments voluntarily made by companies, associations or other entities which put forth standards and principles for the conduct of business activities in the marketplace”
(“Workers’ tool or PR ploy?” – by Dr. I. Wick)
New Codes are on “labour practice”
Great potential and also danger
Most companies adopt COC without involving trade unions
So, they can be used as an excuse for having no union
Truly applied, codes may establish ILSs as binding international framework for responsible corporate behaviour
So, union’s involvement is vital
Global union Federations (GUFs) and MNEs
“An agreement negotiated between an MNE and an international trade union organization (such a GUFs) concerning the international activities (or behaviour)of the company”
Main purpose of framework agreements is to establish an ongoing relationship between the MNE and the GUFs to frame “principles” of industrial relations and good labour practices
ILO Tripartite Declaration on MNCs
UN Global Compact
ILO Declaration on F.P.R.W.
OECD Guidelines for MNCs
Code of Conducts
Regional Economic Agreement
National Labour Relation / Tripartite Committees