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India and South Asia. Essential Questions: What impact have natural forces and environmental issues had on this region? How do cultural beliefs influence social customs, public policies, and decision-making?. Map - Stratelogica. Satellite . Physical features.

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india and south asia

India and South Asia

Essential Questions:

What impact have natural forces and environmental issues had on this region?

How do cultural beliefs influence social customs, public policies, and decision-making?

physical features
Physical features
  • Himalaya Mts (with Mt. Everest)
  • Deccan Plateau
  • Indian Ocean
  • Indus River
  • Ganges River
extra terms to know physical
Extra Terms to know (Physical)
  • Subcontinent
  • Cyclone
  • Alluvial Plain
  • Archipelago
  • Atoll
extra terms
Extra Terms
  • Subcontinent: a landmass that is like a continent, only smaller such as South Asia…called the Indian Subcontinent
extra terms1
Extra Terms
  • Alluvial Plain: rich farmland composed of clay, silt, sand, or gravel deposited by running water/flooded rivers
  • A group/chain of islands
  • Low-lying tops of submerged volcanoes, surrounded by coral reefs and shallow lagoons

Answer the following questions using Chapter 26, Section 2

  • In the Summer Monsoon, is it dry or wet in India?
  • In the Summer Monsoon, what direction do the winds come from?
  • In the Winter Monsoon, is India wet or dry?
  • In the Winter Monsoon, what direction do the winds blow?
  • In what months does the Summer Monsoon occur? 
  • In what months does the Winter Monsoon occur?
  • Summer
  • Winter
culture and religion
Culture and Religion
  • Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Islam are the major religions of South Asia
  • Hinduism=India ( )
  • Islam=Pakistan and Bangladesh
  • Buddhism=Sri Lanka and Bhutan
  • Sikhism=Punjab area of India ( )
culture and religion1
Culture and Religion
  • Caste System: the Aryan system of social classes in India…one of the cornerstones of Hinduism
    • Each person is born into a caste (class of society)
    • Can only move into a different caste through reincarnation
history timeline
History Timeline
  • 3000-1500 BC: Indus Valley Civilization
    • One of the first civilizations in the world
    • Famous City:Mohenjo-daro
history timeline1
History Timeline
  • 322-185 BC: Mauryan Empire (Buddhism)
  • 1700 AD: Height of Mughal Empire (Muslim)
history timeline2
History Timeline
  • 1857: British Control begins
    • Started as a trade area for “British East India Company”…lasted 90 years
history timeline3
History Timeline
  • 1920: MohandasGandhi starts campaign of Nonviolent resistance
    • Nonviolent resistance: protest without violent actions
history timeline4
History Timeline
  • 1947: Independence
    • With the leadership of Gandhi…India gains independence from Britain
history timeline5
History Timeline
  • Immediately following independence, there is a division between the Muslim and Hinduparts of India
    • Muslim portion becomes West Pakistan and East Pakistan (Now Bangladesh)
    • Hindu portion becomes India
history timeline7
1948: Kashmir conflict begins

Immediately after independence, India and Pakistan go to war over the region of Kashmir

History Timeline
modern issues
Modern Issues
  • Population
    • India has the 2nd largest population in the world with about 1.2 billion (China has 1.3 Billion)
    • This puts a strain on India being able to provide basic necessities for families
modern issues1
Modern Issues
  • Kashmir
    • Case study pages 600-601
modern issues2
Modern Issues
  • Kashmir Questions
    • How many wars have been fought over Kashmir?
    • How many lives have been lost?
    • What event started the conflict?
    • Why are the two cultures in conflict?
    • What makes this situation so scary?