Lesson 9Imperatives Latin I Feb. 3-7, 2014
Moody Verbs • Verbs have moods. • Indicative mood, subjunctive mood, imperative mood. • The indicative mood is used to make statements or ask questions. • We have learned the present tense indicative and future tense indicative.
Present Imperative Verbs • Imperative mood: used to give commands. • Announce the news! • Carry the water, slave. • Show the road to the girls. • Sailors, prepare the boat!
Present Imperative Verbs • A singular imperative gives a command to ONE person. • In Latin, the singular imperative is the same as the present stem of the verb…drop the –re from the infinitive. • porto, portare: carry • singular imperative: PORTA! (carry!)
Practicing Imperatives Infinitive Singular Imperative Ama! Lauda! Porta! Naviga! Para! • amare • laudare • portare • navigare • parare
Practicing Imperatives • Puella, portaaquam!
Present Imperative Verbs • A plural imperative gives a command to more than one person. • To form the plural imperative, just add –te to the singular imperative. • porto, portare: carry • Plural imperative: porta + te = PORTATE!
Practicing Imperatives Infinitive Plural Imperative Amate! Laudate! Portate! Navigate! Parate! • amare • laudare • portare • navigare • parare
Practicing Imperatives • Puellae, portateaquam!
Present Imperative Verbs • An imperative usually stands at or near the beginning of a Latin sentence. • Do not confuse the –a ending of the singular imperative with the ablative noun ending –a. The imperative is used only with verb words.
Things to Take Away From This Lesson • Imperative verbs give commands. • The singular imperative verb is the verb stem. • The plural imperative verb is the verb stem + -te.
Imperative Practice!Confer with your BFF’s and be ready to translate! • 1. Puella, portaaquam ad casam. • 2. Navigate ad insulam, nautae! • 3. Para cibum! • 4. Amafiliamtuam et filiatuate (you) amabit. • 5. Servapecuniamtuam.
Negative Imperatives • What if you want to tell someone NOT to do something? • Girls, don’t carry the water!
Negative Imperatives • Meet your negative command words: • These words pair up with the INFINITIVE (2nd principle part) verb: the –RE form. But we don’t drop the –RE this time. Noli nolite
Finding the Infinitive • porto, portare, portavi, portatus
Negative Imperatives • Girl, don’t carry the water! • Puella, noliportareaquam!
Negative Imperatives • Girls, don’t carry the water! • Puellae, noliteportareaquam!
Things to Take Away From This Lesson • Negative imperative verbs give “don’t…” commands. • The singular negative command is “noli …” plus the infinitive. • The plural negative command is “nolite…” plus the infinitive.
Negative Imperative Practice!Write Latin AND English and turn in!Keep the commas in place. • 1. Julia, nolipararecibumcras. • 2. Noliteamarepecuniam, amici. • 3. Nolitenavigare ad insulam, nautae! • 4. Anna, noliamareagricolammalum.