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Monday Sponge: Simile, Metaphor, Hyperbole, or Personification?. The leaves are little yellow fish swimming on the water Type of figurative language _________________________ How do you know? ________________________________ There’s a faucet in the basement that dripped a drop all year

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Monday Sponge: Simile, Metaphor, Hyperbole, or Personification?


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monday sponge simile metaphor hyperbole or personification
Monday Sponge: Simile, Metaphor, Hyperbole, or Personification?

The leaves are little yellow fish

swimming on the water

  • Type of figurative language _________________________
  • How do you know? ________________________________

There’s a faucet in the basement

that dripped a drop all year

since he fixed it, we can’t find it

without wearing scuba gear.

  • Type of figurative language __________________________
  • How do you know? _________________________________
the fireside poets america s first literary stars
The Fireside Poets – America’s First Literary Stars
  • American Revolution was finished – time of peace
  • The United States is a new country, beginning to create our own identity
  • “Fireside Poets” = First American poets to become as popular as British poets
the fireside poets
The Fireside Poets
  • Wrote about scenes from American life
  • Preferred conventional forms – did not experiment or invent new forms of poetry
  • Strong (obvious) themes
henry wadsworth longfellow
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
  • 1807 – 1882
  • Wrote Song of Hiawatha, Paul Revere’s Ride, and Evangeline
  • Translated Dante’s Inferno from Italian to English
william cullen bryant
William Cullen Bryant
  • 1794 – 1878
  • Wrote “Thanatopsis”
  • One of the founders of the Republican party and supporter of Abraham Lincoln
oliver wendell holmes
Oliver Wendell Holmes
  • 1809 – 1894
  • Medical doctor
  • Wrote “Old Ironsides,” which saved the U.S.S. Constitution from being destroyed
  • Father of Supreme Court Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr.
john greenleaf whittier
John Greenleaf Whittier
  • 1807 – 1892
  • Wrote Snowbound and Legends of New England
  • Active in the anti-slavery movement
impact on america
Impact on America
  • Longfellow remained the most popular American poet for several decades
  • The Fireside Poets wrote about important issues (such as slavery) and brought their ideas to the American public in a thoughtful, not argumentative, way
themes of the romantic period
Themes of the Romantic Period
  • One should value feeling and intuition over logical reasoning.
    • In my own words: _____________________________
themes of the romantic period1
Themes of the Romantic Period
  • The importance of the individual (individualism)
    • In my own words: ______________________________
themes of the romantic period2
Themes of the Romantic Period
  • Freedom of imagination
    • In my own words: ______________________________
themes of the romantic period3
Themes of the Romantic Period
  • Nature is a mirror of human emotions
    • In my own words: ______________________________
work period reading romantic poetry
Work Period: Reading Romantic Poetry

STEP 1:

  • Read your assigned poem with your group.
  • Discuss vocabulary and the overall idea of the poem.
  • Find evidence of the four themes of Romanic poetry from your poem.
  • Be prepared to share what you learned with someone who did not read this poem.
tuesday sponge simile metaphor hyperbole or personification
Tuesday Sponge: Simile, Metaphor, Hyperbole, or Personification?

When the stars threw down their spears

and watered heaven with their tears

  • Type of figurative language _________________________
  • How do you know? ________________________________

Like burnt-out torches by a sick man’s bed.

  • Type of figurative language __________________________
  • How do you know? _________________________________
literal vs connotative meaning
Literal vs. Connotative Meaning
  • Summarize the poem – What is being described in each stanza?
  • Describe the connotative meaning – What emotions does the poem make you feel? What imagery and symbols does the poem use to make you feel this way?
  • Identify the themes – what message or lesson does this poem teach?
wednesday sponge simile metaphor hyperbole or personification from edgar allen poe
Wednesday Sponge: Simile, Metaphor, Hyperbole, or Personification?(From Edgar Allen Poe)

Above all was the sense of hearing acute. I heard all things in the heaven and in the earth.

  • Type of figurative language _________________________
  • How do you know? ________________________________

A single dim ray, like the thread of a spider, shot from out the crevice.

  • Type of figurative language __________________________
  • How do you know? _________________________________
work period reading romantic poetry1
Work Period: Reading Romantic Poetry

10 min – Review your poem with your group. Practice how you will explain the summary, connotation, and themes to someone who has not read this poem.

work period reading romantic poetry2
Work Period: Reading Romantic Poetry

1) Discuss the two poems with your partner

  • Summary
  • Connotation
  • Major themes

2) Work together to create a Tree Map that explains how the four themes of the Romantic Period are shown in these two poems.

thursday sponge simile metaphor hyperbole or personification from edgar allen poe
Thursday Sponge: Simile, Metaphor, Hyperbole, or Personification?(From Edgar Allen Poe)

Yes, he was stone, stone dead.

  • Type of figurative language _________________________
  • How do you know? ________________________________

It increased my fury, as the beating of a drum stimulates the soldier into courage.

  • Type of figurative language __________________________
  • How do you know? _________________________________

The rosemary nods upon the grave;

the lily lolls upon the wave.

5. Type of figurative language __________________________

6. How do you know? _________________________________

work period reading romantic poetry3
Work Period: Reading Romantic Poetry
  • Complete the Frame of Reference:
    • Make sure you have cited your sources with the title of the poem in quotation marks “…”
    • Answer the question How do these themes show America’s changing values?
extra credit take it off the map
Write two paragraphs about one Romantic theme.

Explain one of the major themes of Romantic writing

Cite examples of the theme from one or both poems

Write two paragraphs:

Explain what this theme means and if or how it is relevant today

Give your examples

Extra Credit: Take it off the map!
sentence frames theme
One major theme in Romantic Literature, is __________________________________. In other words, _____________________________ _________________________________________. This theme is / is not relevant today because _____ ____________________________________.

An example of ____(theme)__ from “Title of Poem” is _________________________________. Another example from “Title of Poem” is _________ ___________________ . From these poems, we should learn that Americans at this time __________ ________________________________________.

Sentence Frames: Theme
work period reading romantic poetry4
Work Period: Reading Romantic Poetry

STEP 3:

  • With your partner, choose and read another poem from pages 275-288
  • Discuss vocabulary and the overall idea of the poem.
  • Find evidence of the four themes of Romanic poetry from the poem.
  • Add the examples to the Tree Map
friday sponge simile metaphor hyperbole or personification from edgar allen poe
Friday Sponge: Simile, Metaphor, Hyperbole, or Personification?(From Edgar Allen Poe)

The breeze – the breath of God – is still.

  • Type of figurative language _________________________
  • How do you know? ________________________________

Death has reared himself a throne

in a strange city lying alone

  • Type of figurative language __________________________
  • How do you know? _________________________________

All that we see or seem

is but a dream within a dream

5. Type of figurative language __________________________

6. How do you know? _________________________________