How did we end up with a Bill of Rights? A study of anti-federalists, federalists, and the Bill of rights
OBJECTIVES and JOURNAL • OBJECTIVES • 1) Understand Federalist and Anti-Federalist Arguments • 2) Recognize how Anti-Federalists’ position lead to the Bill of Rights • 3) Identify the protections AND limitations of the Bill of Rights • JOURNAL • What rights are protected in the Bill of Rights? List as many as you can… Don’t worry about accuracy, TAKE A GUESS!
AGENDA Journal Direct Instruction/Notes on Federalist and Anti-Federalist Arguments Partner Work & Discussion: Using constitution (in text) to summarize the Bill of Rights Bill of Rights Trivia and Bingo
KEY VOCABULARY FEDERALISM: Dual system of state AND federal governments (as opposed to just one or the other) FEDERALIST: Person who wanted a strong federal government ANTI-FEDERALIST: Person who wanted strong state governments BILL OF RIGHTS: First 10 Amendments in Constitution LIBEL: Written, false statement about someone that is damaging to their character SLANDER: Same as LIBEL, but with spoken word, not written word
FEDERALISTS v. ANTI-FEDERALISTS FEDERALISTS ANTIFEDERALISTS Mostly wealthy, lived near the coast, politically involved Mostly working class, farmers, etc. They were “common men” more than political men
FEDERALISTS v. ANTI-FEDERALISTS FEDERALISTS ANTIFEDERALISTS Wanted a strong NATIONAL government Were afraid the country would go broke if government was state-centered (They wanted the fed. to be able to tax) Wanted strong STATE governments Feared tyranny and lack of representation, similar to how Britain treated the colonies
FEDERALISTS v. ANTI-FEDERALISTS FEDERALISTS ANTIFEDERALISTS Wanted a Republic (Representative Democracy) where people elected their officials Central government had to be strong to maintain law and order and organize trade Also wanted a Republic, where people elected their officials Government needed to be CLOSE to the people to protect their rights
FEDERALISTS v. ANTI-FEDERALISTS FEDERALISTS ANTIFEDERALISTS • States lose power • People feel more distance from government • National government may get too much power • Harder to get things done when there’s no central power • Less unity among states Problems with this model? Problems with this model?
At a stalemate… A few states held out on accepting the constitution. They wanted to make sure citizens’ rights were protected before they signed
Solution? Bill of Rights!! BILL OF RIGHTS: First ten amendments to the constitution, Written by jamesmadison
FIRST AMENDMENTSpeech/Religion What types of speech aren’t protected? Can students have purple hair in school? Can students start prayer groups in school? Can a student pass out religious pamphlets during school? Can someone say that they hate the President?
SECOND AMENDMENTRight to Bear Arms/Guns How is this right restricted? Age Criminal Record Businesses can ban guns if desired
THIRD AMENDMENTQuartering Soldiers No way that this is restricted!
FOURTH AMENDMENTSearch and Seizure Must have probable cause Can a teacher search your locker? Can a school bring in drug sniffing dogs? Can a student be strip-searched? Can a student be forced to submit to a drug test to participate in extracurricular activities?
FIFTH AMENDMENTDouble Jeopardy, Self-Incrimiantion No real restrictions!
SIXTH AMENDMENTRight to a fast, fair trial No real changes or limits
SEVENTH AMENDMENTCivil cases that involve at least $20 have right to jury No limits
EIGHTH AMENDMENTCruel and Unusual Punishment Cruel punishment is different for teens and adults How does this amendment apply to teens?
NINTH AMENDMENTJust because a “Right” is not listed in the Constitution doesn’t mean people don’t have it No restrictions!
TENTH AMENDMENTPowers not given to the Federal Gov. go to the States No real restrictions!