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Chapter 11.1 (cont.). Early Industry and Inventions. Image: New manufacturing methods spread. Manufacturing methods/concepts used in textiles spread to other industries.

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chapter 11 1 cont

Chapter 11.1 (cont.)

Early Industry and Inventions


new manufacturing methods spread
New manufacturing methods spread
  • Manufacturing methods/concepts used in textiles spread to other industries.
  • Eli Whitney signs a government project.

- Claims he can make 10,000 army muskets in 2 years.

- Fails, but does successfully demonstrate the concept of interchangeable parts.

Interchangeable parts revolutionized industry:

  • Made replacing parts easier
  • Made production faster
  • Reduced production costs
  • Allowed for a less-skilled labor force

Impact: Migration of people from farms to cities.

Work done in factories instead of the homes.

new inventions
New Inventions

Improved transportation, communication, and production

  • Inventor: Robert Fulton
  • Name: The Clermont
  • Could move against the current or strong wind.
  • Launched on the Hudson. Steam engine turned paddle wheels. (1807)
  • Record trip – 300 mile round trip in 62 hours

1 st american steam powered locomotive
1st American Steam-powered locomotive
  • Inventor: Peter Cooper
  • Name: Tom Thumb
  • Launched in 1830 – race against a horse pulled train. (By the way… the horse won)

telegraph 1837

Inventor: Samuel F.B. Morse

How it works: Sends long and short pulses of electricity along a wire. The pulses were translated into letters spelling out messages (Morse Code).

Impact: Only seconds to communicate with someone in another city.

improvements to farming
Improvements to farming

John Deere – 1st steel-blade plow

(Farming spreads to mid-west)

Andrew Meikle – threshing

machine which separated

kernals of wheat from husks.

Cyrus McCormick – reaper which cut ripe grain quickly and efficient.

impact of new inventions
Impact of new inventions
  • Linked regions together / National Unity

Ex. Midwestern farmers grew food to feed northeastern factory workers. Midwestern farmers bought manufactured goods from the east. As more factories were built in the north, their demand for southern cotton increased.

(Downside: Led to expansion of slavery in the South)

invention trivia
Invention trivia
  • What else did Peter Cooper invent?
1 st american patent for gelatin
1st American patent for gelatin
  • In 1895, Pearl B. Wait, a cough syrup manufacturer, bought the patent from Peter Cooper and turned Cooper's gelatin dessert into a prepackaged commercial product, which his wife, May David Wait, renamed
elias howe 1846
Elias Howe – 1846

Originally invented by an apprentice, but Howe made slight improvements and patented

the machine and made a future.


Safety Pin - 1849

Rubber Band -1845

Game of Basketball


original game that was invented by

him contained soccer balls which had

to be thrown in the peach baskets

with their bottoms closed.

Alexander Graham Bell 1876

one of mrs hart s favorites
One of Mrs. Hart’s favorites…
  • 1853
  • Inventor: American Indian George Crum

Potato Chips