Mao Zedong and the Chinese Revolution. Republic of China. The Qing Dynasty was over thrown by Chinese nationalist in 1912. The Dynasty had ruled China since the 1600s. The new government was be known as the Republic of China led by Sun Yixian . Sun Yixian vowed to end foreign control
over Chinese affairs.
In 1921, a group of young Chinese men including Mao Zedong met to form the Chinese Communist Party.
1933 – Mao and 600,000 followers escaped defeat from the Nationalist government by heading into the mountainside.