Antibiotics - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Antibiotics

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  1. Antibiotics By: Whitney & LuKeitha

  2. Purpose of Antibiotics • The purpose of antibiotics are to remove the infection from the body cells. • Sulfonamide effects the antibacterial issues that the body has.

  3. Bacteria • Large domain of prokaryotic microorganisms. • Bacteria are in different shapes, such as spheres to rods and spirals. • You can find bacteria in soil, acidic hot springs, radioactive waste, water & deep in Earth’s crust. Also you can find bacteria in organic matter & the live bodies of plants & animals. • How many bacteria cells do you think are in a gram of soil? Well, there are 40 million bacterial cells. • There are five nonillion (5x10^30) bacteria on Earth.

  4. Viruses • A virus is a small infectious agent that can replicate only inside the living cells of organisms. • They infect all types of organisms from animals and plants to bacteria and archaea. • Five thousand viruses have been described in detail even though there are millions of different types. • Viruses can be found in almost every ecosystem on Earth & are the most abundant type of biological entity. • The study of viruses is called virology. • Virus particles are divided in 3 parts; genetic material, DNA, & long molecules that carry genetic information.

  5. Gonorrhea • Gonorrhea is a common STD caused by the bacterium, neisseria gonorrhoeae. • Over half of the gonorrhea cases have no symptoms. However, if there are symptoms, they are throat, anus, urethra & rectum. • The treatment is commonly with ceftriaxone as antibiotic resistance has developed to many previously used medications.

  6. Syphilis • Syphilis is a STD caused by the spirochete bacterium Treponema pallidum. It is transmitted through sexual contact. • There are four stages it can be present in. Those stages are primary, secondary, latent, & tertiary. • Symptoms of Syphilis are a rash on the palms of the hands and soles of the feet, cardiac symptoms, neurological & gummas. • Treatment of Syphilis is a single dose of intramuscular penicillin G or oral azithromycin. If you have a more serious case, you can be given larger doses of intravenous penicillin for 10 days.