Fire Safety Merit Badge • Requirement 1a: • Demonstrate the technique of stop, drop, roll, and cool
Fire Safety Merit Badge • Requirement 1a: • Explain how burn injuries can be prevented
Fire Safety Merit Badge • Requirement 1b: • List the most frequent causes of burn injuries
Requirement 2 Explain the chemistry and physics of fire Fire: “The rapid oxidation of a combustible material, accompanied by the release of energy in the form of heat and light”. Fire Safety Merit Badge
Fire Tetrahedron Firefighter I
Fire Safety Merit Badge • Requirement 2 • Explain why vapors are important to the burning process
Requirement 2 Name the products of combustion Smoke Chemicals Particulates Heat Light Fire Safety Merit Badge
Requirement 2: Give an example of how fire grows and what happens Why is a fire in a corner more dangerous than a fire in the center of the room? Fire Safety Merit Badge
Fire Safety Merit Badge • Requirement 3: • Name the most frequent causes of fire in the home and give examples of ways it can be prevented
How do home fires start? • Cooking • (#1 cause) • Smoking • (#1 cause associated with deaths) • Improper heating practices • Electrical problems • Children misusing fire
Cooking Fires • Common factors • Stovetop Cooking • Cooking Oil • Unattended • Too much heat
Smoking-Related Fires • Discard smoking materials properly • Keep Matches and Lighters where children cannot get to them
Electricity • Don’t overload outlets or extension cords • Repair or replace faulty appliances • Check for appliance recalls at www.cpsc.gov
Heat Wisely • Don’t use makeshift heating devices • Keep combustible items away from space heaters or other heating appliances • Don’t overload electrical circuits
Requirement 4a: Explain the role of human behavior in the arson problem in this “Intentional” fires Approximately 210,300 fires are intentionally set each year. These fires represent 13 % of all fires reported to fire departments. Intentionally set fires result in approximately 375 deaths, 1,300 injuries, and $1 billion in direct property loss annually. Matches (30 %) and lighters (15 %) are the leading heat sources of intentionally set fires. Fire Safety Merit Badge
Requirement 4a: Explain the role of human behavior in the arson problem in this Motives: Revenge/spite Financial Gang/Delinquent Crime concealment Excitement Extremists Fire Safety Merit Badge
Requirement 4b List the actions that cause seasonal fires and explain how these fires can be prevented Outdoor fires Burning during unsafe weather conditions Fall and spring when vegetation is dry Fireworks Summer peak Fire Safety Merit Badge
Requirement 4b List the actions that cause seasonal fires and explain how these fires can be prevented Cold Weather Issues: Fireplaces & Chimneys Unsafe Heating Fire Safety Merit Badge
Requirement 5: List the common circumstances that cause holiday-related fires and explain how these fires can be prevented Cooking issues Use of unsafe decorations Christmas Trees Fire Safety Merit Badge
Requirement 6a: Conduct a home safety survey with the help of an adult Draw a home fire escape plan Create a home fire-drill schedule, and conduct a home fire drill ON YOUR OWN Any questions? Fire Safety Merit Badge
Fire Safety Merit Badge • Requirement 6b: • Test a smoke alarm and demonstrate regular maintenance of a smoke alarm
Requirement 6c: Explain what to do when you smell gas What are you smelling? Indoor versus outdoor smell Can you safely turn off the gas? How to check for a small leak Fire Safety Merit Badge
Requirement 6c: Explain what to do when you smell smoke How bad is the situation? No smoke visible Smell and SEE smoke Fire Safety Merit Badge
Requirement 6d: Explain how you would report a fire alarm Buildings with alarm systems Your house Fire Safety Merit Badge
Explain who should use fire extinguishers and when these devices can be used Fire Safety Merit Badge
Fire Safety Merit Badge • Explain how to extinguish a grease pan fire
Requirement 6e: Explain what fire safety equipment can be found in public buildings Requirement 6h: Explain what precautions to take when in a public building Walking demonstration Fire Safety Merit Badge
Requirement 11: Visit a fire station. Identify the types of fire trucks You’re Here? Finish with the tour Fire Safety Merit Badge
Fire Safety Merit Badge • Requirement 8: • Explain the difference between combustible and noncombustible liquids • and between combustible and noncombustible fabrics.
Requirement 10a: Explain the cost of outdoor and wildland fires and how to prevent them An estimated 655,200 outdoor fires occur annually in the United States and result in approximately 50 deaths, 875 injuries, and $154 million in losses. The leading cause of outdoor fires is unintentionally set fires. The leading factor contributing to outdoor fire ignitions is misuse of materials. Fire Safety Merit Badge
Requirement 11: Find out about the fire prevention activities in your community Educational Presentations Annual business inspections Public Awareness campaigns Fire Safety Merit Badge
Requirement 12: Choose a fire safety related career that interests you and describe the level of education required and responsibilities of a person in that position Tell why this position interests you Fire Safety Merit Badge THIS IS YOUR CHANCE TO ASK AND LEARN!
Requirement 7a: Demonstrate lighting a match safely HANDS-ON
HANDS-ON • Requirement 7b: • Demonstrate the safe way to start a charcoal fire
HANDS-ON • Requirement 7c: • Demonstrate the safe way to melt wax
HANDS-ON • Requirement 9a: • Demonstrate the safe way to fuel a lawn mower.
HANDS-ON • Requirement 9b: • Demonstrate the safety factors, such as proper ventilation, for auxiliary heating devices and the proper way to fuel those devices
HANDS-ON • Requirement 10b: • Demonstrate setting up and putting out a cooking fire
HANDS-ON • Requirement 10c: • Demonstrate using a camp stove and lantern.
Fire Safety Merit Badge • Requirement 10d: • Explain how to set up a campsite safe from fire.