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Conflict in the West. Pgs. 257-262. Conflict with the Indians. With the migration of settlers to the West, problems developed between those settling the Great Plains and the Indians who were living there.

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Conflict in the West

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conflict with the indians
Conflict with the Indians
  • With the migration of settlers to the West, problems developed between those settling the Great Plains and the Indians who were living there.
  • The United States government had promised these lands to the Indians in a treaty in 1830.
problem 1
Problem #1
  • Railroad workers began killing the Plains’ Indians most important resource – the buffalo.
  • In 1860 about 15 million buffalo roamed the Plains.
  • By 1880 fewer than 1,000 were left.
  • Without buffalo to hunt, the traditional way of life for the Plains Indians came to an end.
problem 2
Problem #2
  • Gold was discovered on the Sioux Indian reservation in the Dakota Territory.
  • A reservation is land set aside by the government as a home for Native Americans.
  • Thousands of miners invaded the Sioux land searching for gold.
  • The U.S. government tried to buy the land, but the Sioux refused to sell.
problem 25
Problem #2
  • In 1876 U.S. soldiers let by Lieutenant Colonel George Custer marched to the Sioux lands.
  • He attacked the Sioux who were led by Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse.
  • Custer was quickly surrounded by 2,500 Indians.
  • Custer and all of his soldiers were killed. The battle was called the Battle of Little Bighorn.

George Custer

Crazy Horse

Sitting Bull

problem 3
Problem #3
  • The U.S. government used force to move the Nez Perces Indians (NES PER suhz) to a reservation in Idaho.
  • Chief Joseph refused. The tribe of 800 tried to escape to Canada.
  • They were caught 40 miles from the border and surrendered.
problem 4
Problem #4
  • By 1880 almost all Indians in the United States had been moved to reservations – except the Apaches.
  • Led by Chief Geronimo, they fought the longest and hardest not to be moved.
  • They were moved to a small reservation in Arizona.
problem 49
Problem #4
  • The land was not good for growing food.
  • The Apaches attacked and killed Arizona settlers.
  • They escaped capture for 5 years.
  • Eventually Geronimo surrendered which ended years of war between the Indians and the U.S. government.
changes for indians
Changes for Indians
  • Once on the reservation, the government tried to change the Indians.
    • Religion
    • Farmers (160 acres)
    • This effort to change did not work.
    • In 1924 Congress granted citizenship to all Indians.
    • In 1930 the government gave control of reservation land to the Indians.
    • Great damage had been done to these people and their culture.