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Revision session 4: American West – Conflict on the Plains. The American West: inhabitants and early settlers - The Plains Indians: their beliefs and way of life. - Early migration and settlement: trappers and miners in the far West; the reasons for

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revision session 4 american west conflict on the plains
Revision session 4: American West – Conflict on the Plains
  • The American West: inhabitants and early settlers
  • - The Plains Indians: their beliefs and way of life.
  • - Early migration and settlement: trappers and miners in the far West; the reasons for
  • increasing migration; the Oregon Trail; The Mormons at Salt Lake City.
  • - Cattlemen and cowboys: ranching on the Great Plains; the life and work of the cowboy;
  • reality and myth.
  • The settlement of the Great Plains
  • - The reasons for the growth of Western settlement: the role of governments; motives and
  • aspirations of migrants; the role of railroads and railroad companies.
  • - Survival on the Plains: life and work of the homesteaders; the role of women.
  • - Farming: problems and solutions.
  • Conflict on the Plains
  • - Conflicts between settlers and the Native American peoples: the clash of cultures; the
  • reasons for the Plains Wars and their outcomes; the Battle of the Little Big Horn and its
  • impact; Custer and Sitting Bull.
  • - Changing government attitudes and policy towards the Plains Indians.
  • - The impact of the settlement of the West on native peoples to 1895.
slide2
Conflict on the Plains

Conflicts between settlers and the Native American peoples: the clash of cultures; the reasons for the Plains Wars and their outcomes; the Battle of the Little Big Horn and its impact; Custer and Sitting Bull.

  • Changing government attitudes and policy towards the Plains Indians.
  • The impact of the settlement of the West on native peoples to 1895.
in simple language
In simple language:-
  • Whites v Indians – why? What was it like? What were the results?
  • What the government wanted to happen – this changed
  • What happened to the Indians? (reservations etc)
whites v indians massive topic
Whites v. Indians – massive topic
  • Little Crow’s War – 1862 – Santee Sioux starving, rebelled, got put somewhere worse
  • Red Cloud’s War – 1865-8 – Bozeman Trail ran through Sioux land (broke FL), Indians attacked whites. Led to second FL Treaty – Sioux to go to reservation in Dakota (didn’t all go)
  • Great Sioux War – 1876-7 – gold in Black Hills, US govt offered to buy them, told all Indians to go to res – they couldn’t/didn’t – Battle of Little Bighorn
2 government policy
(2) Government policy

Before 1850s – 1 big reservation

After 1851 Fort Laramie Treaty – concentration – Indians would give up freedom to go where they liked, but the land they did have would be protected

By 1870s – gradual policy of smaller reservations

1876 – destroy the Indians’ way of life

3 destruction of indian way of life1
(3) Destruction of Indian way of life
  • How? (in general)

The army - 1 weapon per soldier, winter campaigns, total war

The railroads – crossed hunting grounds, brought homesteaders, encouraged cowboys etc…

The government – supported army, used+reduced reservations, Dawes Act 1887 etc

The loss of the buffalo – (railroads, industry)

slide8
(b) How? (on the reservations)
  • Reduce chiefs’ power
  • Put their children in boarding schools
  • Ban their religion
  • Employ corrupt government agents
slide9
2. How important was the Battle of Little Bighorn in the destruction of the way of life of the Plains Indians? Explain your answer.
  • - 1868 The area of the Great Sioux Reservation was agreed
  • - 1876 Custer was defeated at Little Bighorn
  • - 1887 The Dawes Act was passed