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Unit 3: Government and Unrest. A Study in the Role of the Citizen Case Study: Ancient Greece. Essential Questions: How does the geography of a place impact the development of civilizations? Who holds the power? How does this group or person in power keep or lose power?

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unit 3 government and unrest

Unit 3: Government and Unrest

A Study in the Role of the CitizenCase Study: Ancient Greece

Essential Questions:

  • How does the geography of a place impact the development of civilizations?
  • Who holds the power?
  • How does this group or person in power keep or lose power?
  • What role should the citizens have in government? Why?
  • Which form of government is most effective? Why?
  • How have debate and diplomacy shaped history?
warm up
Warm-up
  • FULL SENTENCES FOR FULL CREDIT
    • How would you feel if you couldn’t say whatever you want when you want it?
    • How would it feel to have one person dictate or decide everything that you are/are not allowed to do?
tyranny
TYRANNY

A government by a ruler with total power over a country; thought of now as cruel and oppressive government or rule.

Tyranny comes from in Greek “tyrannus” meaning “illegitimate ruler”

dictatorship
DICTATORSHIP

A government by a ruler with total power over a country, typically one who has obtained power by the people or through force.

Dictator comes from “one who dictates” or “gives orders”

modern dictatorships
Modern Dictatorships

Germany – Adolf Hitler (1889-1945)

Russia – Joseph Stalin (1878-1953)

Cuba – Fulgencio Batista (1901-1973)

North Korea – Kim Jong Il (1941-2011)

Libya – Muammar al-Gaddafi (1942-2011)

greek tyranny
Greek Tyranny
  • Greek Tyrants: were often wealthy landowners who were brought to power by the lower classes who had become tired of being held down by the oligarchs ruling the city-state. The tyrant was put in sole charge on the pretense that he would rule the city-state well. When they didn’t fulfill the task, they were replaced.
  • Examples:
    • Athens – Pisistratus, Hipparchus & Theramenes
    • Argos – Pheidon
    • Corinth – Cypselus, Periander & Psammetichus
    • Samos – Polycrates
simulation 1
Simulation #1
  • ACT OUT ROLES
    • Polycrates
      • Military / soldiers
        • Poor
          • Wealthy
            • Slaves

1) foreign relations (negotiate so as to not go to war with Athens)

simulation 2
Simulation #2
  • ACT OUT ROLES
    • Polycrates
      • Military / soldiers
        • Poor
          • Wealthy
            • Slaves

2) food shortage (negotiate so your people don’t starve)

simulation 3
Simulation #3
  • ACT OUT ROLES
    • Polycrates
      • Military / soldiers
        • Poor
          • Wealthy
            • Slaves

3) Invent or achieve something great (so you and your people will be remembered)

reflection
REFLECTION*
  • FULL SENTENCES FOR FULL CREDIT
    • Who holds the power in a tyranny?
    • What are the advantages/ disadvantages to so few holding all the power?
    • What system of government is best for each social class?
    • What system of government do you believe would work best and why?
homework
HOMEWORK*

Persuasive Speech Project

warm up1
Warm-up*
  • FULL SENTENCES FOR FULL CREDIT
    • Would you want to live in a tyranny? Why or why not?
    • What are the pros and cons to living in a tyranny?
simulation debrief
Simulation Debrief
  • Discuss:
    • Who holds the power in a tyranny?
    • What are the advantages/ disadvantages to so few holding all the power?
    • What system is best for each social class?
    • What system do you believe would work best and why?
antigone
Antigone
  • Read p. 13-18
  • What THEMES are in the drama/story:
antigone1
Antigone
  • Discuss:
    • What does this play teach us about the role of a ruler?
    • What role should a citizen play?
    • Who should be considered a citizen?
    • Are all laws fair?
    • Do citizens have a responsibility to disobey unjust laws?
    • Is the law of god or the law of the land more important?
    • Should you follow your own moral code or the code of law?
reflection1
REFLECTION
  • FULL SENTENCES FOR FULL CREDIT
  • ANSWER 2 QUESTIONS:
    • What role should the ruler play within a society?
    • What role should a citizen play within the society?
    • Should everyone within the society be considered a citizen? Why or why not?
    • Should everyone within the society be treated equally? Why or why not?
  • ANDTHIS QUESTION:
    • What is the best form of government?
homework1
Homework
  • Antigone Reading Response Sheet (p. 13-18)
    • Characters we’ve met:
      • Antigone
      • Ismene
      • Creon
      • Haemon
      • Teiresias
  • Plan for the Persuasive Speech Project!
homework2
HOMEWORK
  • Character map
  • Persuasive Speech Project