Navi1 Unit 3 新编英语教程（第三版）第二册 A New English Course (Third Edition) Unit 2 Unit 4 Unit 5 Unit 1 Unit 6 Unit 7 Unit 8 Unit 9 Unit 10 Unit 11 Unit 12 Unit 13 Unit 14 Unit 15
Lean in- main Movie Clip Inspirational picture
Movie Clip Movie Clip Watch the movie clip and answer some questions. Questions: What characterize the earth in the future? 2. Where have all the people gone? The earth is covered by garbage. They all went to live in Axiom, the star liner.
Movie Clip 3. How long do they expect to stay in space? 4. Why is the globe covered with garbage? They tell tales of magical landscapes, and surprising. Open question.
Script1 Script [Newspaper Headline] Too much trash!!! Earth covered [Outdoor advertisement] WALL.E, working to dig your out! [Male voice] Too much garbage in your face? There is plenty of space out in space. BNL sky liners living each day. We will clean up the mess while you’re away. The jewel of BNL fleet--the Axiom. Spend your five-year cruise in style.
Script2 Waited on 24 hours a day by our fully automated crew while your captain and auto pilot try to chart a course for non-stopping entertainment, fine dining, and with our all-access hoverchairs, even Grandma can join the fun. There is no need to walk. The Axiom, putting the star in an executive star liner. BNL CEO: Because at BNL, space is the final fun-tier.
Seine River all-access hoverchairs: the chairs that float in the air and can go anywhere. This is a special device in which people lie and travel everywhere in the Axiom in this movie.
hidden Fun-tier: the frontier of fun. 这里用了双关的修辞手段，一般我们认为太空是人类的frontier，而BNL的总裁故意说成是fun-tier，让人们相信太空是“欢乐的边疆”。
Inspirational Quote Inspirational picture This photo was taken in Linfen, Shanxi province. What does it bring to your mind? Can you describe the picture?
LSP-main Language Structures Preparatory Questions Practice I Practice II Practice III Practice IV Practice V
Language Structures Language Structures Modal auxiliaries 1. would + perfect infinitive used to express “unfulfilled wish” 2. should /ought to + perfect infinitive used to express “unfulfilled obligation” needn’t + perfect infinitive expressing “unnecessary past actions” 3. may /might + perfect infinitive used to express “speculations about past actions” can /could not + perfect infinitive used to express “negative deduction about past actions”
Language Structures 4. must + perfect infinitive used to express “affirmative deduction about past actions” may /might as well used with the second person pronoun expressing “suggestions”
PQ_1 Preparatory Questions Recast the following sentences using the following phrases: 1. “would have liked to (do)” Notice: would have liked to (do) is used with the first person to express the speaker’s wish that was not fulfilled. I intended to go skating with you yesterday but I couldn’t because my mother didn’t let me. I would have liked to go skating with you yesterday, but my mother didn’t let me.
PQ_2 2) I meant to sit in on Professor Wang’s class this morning but I didn’t because I had an important meeting to attend. I would have liked to sit in on Professor Wang’s class this morning, but I had an important meeting to attend. 3) I intended to take part in the basketball match yesterday afternoon but I couldn’t because I had a bad fall yesterday morning. I would have liked to take part in the basketball match yesterday afternoon, but I had a bad fall yesterday morning.
PQ_3 4) I planned to lend you my cassette recorder, but I didn’t, because it was out of order. I would have liked to lend you my cassette recorder, but it was out of order.
PQ_5 2. should/ought to + perfect infinitive Notice: should/ought to + perfect infinitive, indicating a past obligation that was not fulfilled The exhibition was a good one. All of us visited it except John. John should/ought to have come with us.
PQ_6 2) We all learned a lot from the lecture, but Li didn’t attend it. Li ought to/should have attended the lecture. 3) The engineer went to the research institute without an umbrella and was caught in the rain. The engineer ought to/should have taken an umbrella with him.
PQ_7 4) They bought a book for Mary but she didn’t like it. They oughtn’t to/shouldn’t have bought the book for Mary.
PQ_8 3. needn’t + perfect infinitive Notice: needn’t + perfect infinitive, indicating something that was unnecessarily done in the past The I wrote a summary in more than five hundred words. But the teacher only asked for 200 words. I needn’t have written such a long summary.
PQ_8 2) Lin answered all the ten questions in the test paper. But we were only required toanswer eight of them. Lin needn’t have answered all the ten questions in the test paper. 3) Mary went to the station an hour before the train started. Mary needn’t have gone to the station so early.
PQ_8 4) Yao carried all the parcels home herself. She didn’t know they would deliver them if she asked them. Yao needn’t have carried all the parcels home herself. They would have delivered them if she had asked them.
PQ_8 4. may/might +perfect infinitive Notice: may/might +perfect infinitive, indicating speculations about past actions 1) Where is Susan? I want to go to the canteen with her. She may/might have gone there already. 2) It’s a fortnight since Sun went to the South and we haven’t got a word from him. I wonder if he’s forgotten us all. He may/might have been very busy with his work there.
PQ_8 3) Sid told me he’d let me have the library book after he’d finished with it. It’s a week since he said that and he still hasn’t given me the book. He may/might have returned the book to the library. // He may / might not have finished reading it yet. 4) I’ve been looking for my bicycle key for three days, and it’s still nowhere to be found. You may/might have lost it.
PQ_8 5. can’t/couldn’t + perfect infinitive Notice: can’t/couldn’t + perfect infinitive, indicating negative deduction about past actions The first part of the response can be given to the students as a prompt. Where is my typewriter? Someone must have stolen it last night. It was here a moment ago. It couldn’t have been stolen last night.
PQ_8 2) Keith ought to be here now. Perhaps he’s lost his way. I told him how to come and I even drew him a map. He can’t have lost his way. 3) Who brought the refrigerator upstairs? Perhaps it was Tim. Tim’s not that strong. He couldn’t have brought it by himself.
PQ_8 4) A man answered the phone. I suppose it was her husband. But her husband hasn’t come back from abroad yet. It couldn’t have been her husband.
PQ_8 6. must + perfect infinitive Notice: must + perfect infinitive, indicating affirmative deduction about past actions The film he saw last night was wonderful. He must have enjoyed seeing it. 2) He looks tired, doesn’t he? He must have worked hard. / He must have stayed up late last night.
PQ_8 3) The children were making a lot of noise until five minutes ago. Now it is so quiet. The children must have gone away. 4) James has checked all the figures twice over, but he can’t get the correct answer. James must have made a mistake somewhere.
PQ_8 7. may/might as well Notice: may/might as well, used with the second person pronoun to express the speaker’s suggestion(s) 1) I am so exhausted after work. You may/might as well go to sleep. 2) I’m not feeling well. I think I’ve got a cold. Being so weak, you may/might as well see a doctor.
PQ_8 3) It is too hot for Karen and me to go for a picnic. Why don’t you change it to another day? You may/might as well go to a movie today. 4) Nick won’t take up the additional work. He just wants to do his part. You may/might as well ask Lucy to do it. To get ahead on her job, she is willing to try new things.
Practice 1_1 Cues:
Practice1_ 2 A. Listening to the recording A: Everybody signed up for the sports meeting, but I didn’t see your name. B: I didn’t sign up. A: Why not? B: I would have liked to, but I sprained my ankle.
Practice 1_3 B. Substitution practice C. Variations based on the given cues Samples:
Practice2_2 A. Listening to the recording A: Lin failed in her oral English test again. B: She should/ought to have had more oral practice all through the term. A: She learnt all the dialogues in the textbook by heart, though. B: But that’s no use. As a matter of fact, she needn’t have done that.
Practice2_3 B. Substitution practice C. More cues for practice Sample:
Practice3_2 A. Listening to the recording A: I wonder where Zhang can be. B: Did you have an appointment with him? Yes. He said he’d meet me at half past eight and take me to the public library. A: It’s about a quarter to nine now. B: He may/might have gone without you. A: Maybe, but he ought to have told me so.
Practice3_3 B. Substitution practice C. More cues for practice Sample:
Practice4_2 A. Listening to the recording A: Is Liu in the gym? B: No, I don’t think so. A: Can/Could she have gone to the library? B: I just saw her going out with a tape in her hand. No, she can’t/couldn’t have gone there. A: In that case, she must have gone to the language lab.
Practice4_3 B. Substitution practice C. More cues for practice Sample:
Practice5_2 A. Listening to the recording A: It’s getting very late. I must be off. B: Oh, I didn’t realize it was so late. A: I hope I’ll be able to catch the last bus home. Why don’t you use my bike? (or, You may/might as well use my bike. The last bus might have gone.) You might as well. B:
Practice5_3 B. Substitution practice C. More cues for practice Sample:
Dialogue Study-main Questions on the Dialogue Text Study Retell
Questions on the Dialogue1 Questions on the Dialogue 1. Ask each other questions. 2. Answer the following questions. 1) Why is London no longer a city full of fog? Because since the Clean Air Act was enforced in 1956, the air quality is much better. 2) What is the cause of air and water pollution in the city where the speaker A lives? The old factories that were established long ago are usually not equipped with pollution control devices.
Questions on the Dialogue2 3) What problem does the car bring? It brings noise pollution when motorists blow their horns whenever they like. 4) What should be done to bring pollution completely under control? We should make stricter laws and enforce them. We should also raise people’s awareness of pollution. 5) Do you think that environmental pollution in China has been effectively reduced? If so, please cite some facts or examples. Open question.
Text Study 1 Pollution Control A: So you’re from London, Dave. A long time ago I read an interesting story about London fog. B: Oh yeah, I think I know the one you mean. It’s about a blind woman leading a man with good eyesight to his home in a dense fog. A: That’s right. Since then, I’ve always thought of London as full of fog. It must be terrible living there.