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6. Writing for Publication. 6.1 Identifying the Central Point 6.2 Writing Inverted Pyramid Stories 6.3 Writing the Body of Stories. 6.1. Identifying the Central Point. GOALS. Identify the central point of a news story. Write the summary lead. 6.1. Identifying the Central Point.

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Writing for publication

6

Writing for Publication

6.1 Identifying the Central Point

6.2 Writing Inverted Pyramid Stories

6.3 Writing the Body of Stories

Chapter 6


Identifying the central point

6.1

Identifying the Central Point

GOALS

Identify the central point of a news story.

Write the summary lead.

Chapter 6


Identifying the central point1

6.1

Identifying the Central Point

KEY TERMS

central point

Five W’s and an H

summary lead

Chapter 6


Identifying the central point2
Identifying the Central Point

  • Central point

    • Most important information

    • Information will have most impact

Chapter 6


Five w s and an h
Five W’s and an H

  • Who?

  • What?

  • When?

  • Where?

  • Why?

  • How?

Chapter 6


Who?

  • Who is the story about?

Chapter 6


What?

  • What happened or is going to happen?

  • What event or occurrence is the story about?

Chapter 6


When?

  • When did the event or occurrence take place, or when will it take place?

Chapter 6


Where
Where?

  • Where did the event or occurrence take place, or where will it take place?

Chapter 6


Why?

  • Why did the event or occurrence take place?

  • What circumstances led up to it?

Chapter 6


How?

  • How did it happen?

  • What makes this story newsworthy?

Chapter 6


Checkpoint
Checkpoint

  • How do you identify the central point of a story?

    ANSWER

  • Ask yourself the Five W’s and an H—who, what, when, where, why and how—to find the most important point of the story.

Chapter 6


The summary lead
The Summary Lead

  • Writing the summary lead

  • Alternative leads

  • Using free writing to get started

Chapter 6


Checkpoint1
Checkpoint

  • How do you write a summary lead?

    ANSWER

  • You summarize the story in a clear, factual first paragraph.

  • Include answers to who, what, when, where, why and how.

Chapter 6


Writing inverted pyramid stories

6.2

Writing Inverted Pyramid Stories

GOALS

Understand inverted pyramid construction.

Apply journalistic style to stories.

Chapter 6


Writing inverted pyramid stories1

6.2

Writing Inverted Pyramid Stories

KEY TERMS

wire service

Linotype

copy

Associated Press style

Chapter 6


Inverted pyramid
Inverted Pyramid

  • History

    • Telegraph

    • Wire services

    • Linotype

  • Technology

    • Cold type

Chapter 6


The upside down approach

The summary lead answeringthe Five W’s and H

Details that support the lead andadditional facts

Least importantinformation

The Upside Down Approach

INVERTED PYRAMID

  • Conclusion

  • Details

  • Least important information

    • No ending required.

    • The bottom of the story may get cut for space.

Chapter 6


The pyramid and the web
The Pyramid and the Web

  • Inverted pyramid and electronic publications

  • “Scan and land”

  • Updating stories

Chapter 6


Checkpoint2
Checkpoint

  • Explain how to write an inverted pyramid story.

    ANSWER

  • Start upside down with a conclusion-like summary lead, followed by supporting facts.

Chapter 6


Applying journalistic style
Applying Journalistic Style

  • Journalistic style for print and electronic news

  • Journalistic style for broadcast news

  • Grammar, punctuation, spelling and word usage

Chapter 6


Checkpoint3
Checkpoint

  • Why do all journalists follow the same style?

    ANSWER

  • To have consistency in the style within stories and within the news organization

Chapter 6


Writing the body of stories

6.3

Writing the Body of Stories

GOALS

Identify narrative, hourglass and focus styles.

Understand how to achieve tightly written news and feature stories by writing short.

Chapter 6


Writing the body of stories1

6.3

Writing the Body of Stories

KEY TERMS

narrative style

hourglass style

focus style

nut graph

kicker

Chapter 6


Narrative hourglass and focus styles
Narrative, Hourglass and Focus Styles

  • Narrative style

  • Hourglass style

  • Focus style

Chapter 6


Checkpoint4
Checkpoint

  • What are the three parts of an hourglass structure?

    ANSWER

  • The hourglass structure has the top or summary lead; the turn, or transition paragraph; and the narrative, the chronological story.

Chapter 6


Writing short
Writing Short

  • Organize and focus

  • Tips for writing short

  • Checklist for writing short

Chapter 6


Checkpoint5
Checkpoint

  • Name three things you can do to write short.

    ANSWER

  • Some things you can do to write short include:

    • Do the research and reporting

    • Organize or outline

    • Simplify every sentence

    • Cut clutter

    • Use the best quotes

    • Be precise with words and details.

Chapter 6