Buddhism Global History I: Spiconardi & Roher
The Prophecy: • The Prophecy: At Siddhartha’s birth it was predicted that he had the signs of a great man. If Siddhartha stayed at home, he was destined to become a world ruler. If he left home, he was destined to become a universal spiritual leader. • Siddhartha’s father isolated him in his palace • This made Siddhartha curious about the outside world • At age 29, Siddhartha left the palace walls 4 times • Siddhartha realized that every person experiences: • Old age Sickness Death
The Enlightenment • The Enlightenment • Siddhartha decided to search for religious truth & an end to suffering • The search lasted 6 years • In his sixth year, after 49 days of meditation Siddhartha came to a realization about suffering…
Beliefs • The Four Noble Truths • All life is suffering • Suffering is caused by desire for things that bring temporary pleasures • The way to eliminate suffering is to eliminate desire • The way to eliminate suffering is to follow the Eightfold Path
Eightfold Path Right Views Right Intentions Right Speech Right Conduct Right Livelihood Right Effort Right Mindfulness Right Meditation Beliefs
Beliefs • Nirvana • Freeing yourself from selfishness and desire • Releasing from the cycle of death and rebirth (ends reincarnation) • Similar to what concept in Hinduism?
Beliefs • Three Jewels of Buddhism • “I take refuge in Buddha. • I take refuge in the law. • I take refuge in the community.” • Three Cardinal Faults • Greed (pig) Hatred (snake) Delusion (rooster)