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Chapter 43: Discrimination Part III

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Chapter 43: Discrimination Part III. May 16, 2007. Bellringer. Have you, or anyone you know, been denied the freedom to vote in an election?. Introduction.

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  • Have you, or anyone you know, been denied the freedom to vote in an election?
  • Discrimination affects many aspects of the lives of people. Whether you are talking about race, sex, nationality or sexual orientation, there are many different ways that people discriminate against others.
discrimination in voting rights
Discrimination in voting rights
  • The 15th Amendment to the Constitution provided the right to vote to nonwhite, male citizens. It states that “the right of citizens of the United States to vote (shall not be) denied or abridged by any State on account of race, color, or pervious condition of servitude”.
  • However, obstacles to full voting rights continue well into this century throughpoll taxes, literacy tests, and intimidation of African Americans who want to exercise their voting rights.
discrimination in voting rights1
Discrimination in voting rights
  • Women did not win the right to vote until 1920 with the passage of the 19th Amendment
  • Gerrymandering: The redrawing of a voting district to ensure that a particular group of people is included in the same district. Usually oddly shaped and sometimes called “majority-minority districts”.
discrimination based on national origin and citizenship status
Discrimination based on National Origin and Citizenship Status
  • When we think about the civil rights struggle, we mostly remember cases in which African Americans brought lawsuits to end discriminatory practices.
  • During the 20th Century, the NAACP developed careful strategies to bring important cases before the U.S. Supreme Court.
discrimination based on national origin and citizenship status1
Discrimination based on National Origin and Citizenship Status
  • Also during this time, groups representing Latino and Asian plaintiffs brought cases to court as well.
  • Courts have not favored government laws and policies that discriminate based on national origin and citizenship status.
discrimination based on gender
Discrimination Based on Gender
  • Women have struggled for equality for many years.
  • The 19th Amendment in 1920 gave women full voting rights.
  • Women still suffer from being paid less than men for doing the same job (glass ceiling)
  • Women also suffer from more cases of sexual harassment in the workplace
discrimination based on age
Discrimination Based on Age
  • Age discrimination is against the law. You cannot be fired from your job because your boss wants to bring in someone younger.
  • The Age Discrimination in Employment Act protects workers aged 40 or older and forbids hiring, firing, paying, promoting and other aspects of employment. Applies to companies of 20 or more.
  • Age can be a factor in certain job qualifications (working in a bar, military, airlines, etc).