Great Awakening 1730s - 1740s
What was the Great Awakening? • Religious revival movement. • Evangelicalism-- “new birth” is the ultimate religious experience. • Followers accept that they are sinners and ask for salvation.
Before the Great Awakening • Before 1730s, most colonies had established religions: • Congregationalists in New England (basically Puritans) • Anglicans in New York and Southern Colonies (same as Church of England)
“Old Lights” vs. “New Lights” • Churches that grew as a result of the Great Awakening: Presbyterianism, Methodism, Baptism (“New Lights”) • Great Awakening challenged authority and hierarchy of established churches (“Old Lights:” Congregationalists and Anglicans). • Great Awakening said anyone could be converted or “born again”; you didn’t need traditional church leadership to decide whether or not you belong.
Leaders of the Great Awakening George Whitefield Jonathan Edwards
Today’s Question: Why was George Whitefield so popular?