The Great Awakening Chapter 5, Section 4 Key Terms: revivals Great Awakening
A Revival of Faith • 1730’s ministers tried to renew enthusiasm for religion through emotional and inspiring sermons • Began holding revivals - public church gatherings where masses of people came to hear a sermon, usually in open fields • Great Awakening - 1730’3 - 1740’s - unorganized and widespread movement of evangelical Christian sermons and church meetings.
Jonathan Edwards • Important leader of Great Awakening • Dramatic sermons emphasized that sinners must ask forgiveness for their sins.
George Whitefield • British minister came to America in 1738 • Began a series of revivals in Georgia and Virginia • Toured seven times through the South and New England • Revivals drew crowds of thousands • Inspired many to join new evangelical movement
Words of the Great Awakening • Salvation could only be gained through the acceptance of God’s grace and confession • Jonathan Edward’s 1741 sermon, “Sinners in the Hand of an Angry God” • All people were born sinners, no matter what social status • Whitefield - explained that everyone has an equal chance to be saved
New Beliefs • “Old Lights” - Charles Chauncy- did not think the Great Awakening could awaken one’s spirituality and was an inappropriate way to gain salvation • “New Lights” -Gilbert Tennet -published The Danger of an Unconverted Ministry - attacked the traditional “Old Lights” • Presbyterian Church split into two groups • Middle and Southern colonies tremendous growth
Faith on the Frontier • Great Awakening swept west - itinerant preachers took message to small communities • Few established churches - important to settlers • Conflict continued in the west
Great Awakening and Society • Attracted many classes and races • Poor and women frequently participated • African Americans-acceptance and spiritual equality appealing • Politics - ministers communicated with one another and started to trade • Large outdoor meetings place to discuss politics and social issues
Outcome of Great Awakening • Questioning church practices encouraged colonists to demand greater political equality.
Focus Questions • What was the message of the Great Awakening? • How did the colonists respond to the Great Awakening? • How did the Great Awakening help bring colonists together?