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The Great Awakening - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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The Great Awakening

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  1. The Great Awakening Chapter 5, Section 4 Key Terms: revivals Great Awakening

  2. A Revival of Faith • 1730’s ministers tried to renew enthusiasm for religion through emotional and inspiring sermons • Began holding revivals - public church gatherings where masses of people came to hear a sermon, usually in open fields • Great Awakening - 1730’3 - 1740’s - unorganized and widespread movement of evangelical Christian sermons and church meetings.

  3. Jonathan Edwards • Important leader of Great Awakening • Dramatic sermons emphasized that sinners must ask forgiveness for their sins.

  4. George Whitefield • British minister came to America in 1738 • Began a series of revivals in Georgia and Virginia • Toured seven times through the South and New England • Revivals drew crowds of thousands • Inspired many to join new evangelical movement

  5. Words of the Great Awakening • Salvation could only be gained through the acceptance of God’s grace and confession • Jonathan Edward’s 1741 sermon, “Sinners in the Hand of an Angry God” • All people were born sinners, no matter what social status • Whitefield - explained that everyone has an equal chance to be saved

  6. New Beliefs • “Old Lights” - Charles Chauncy- did not think the Great Awakening could awaken one’s spirituality and was an inappropriate way to gain salvation • “New Lights” -Gilbert Tennet -published The Danger of an Unconverted Ministry - attacked the traditional “Old Lights” • Presbyterian Church split into two groups • Middle and Southern colonies tremendous growth

  7. Faith on the Frontier • Great Awakening swept west - itinerant preachers took message to small communities • Few established churches - important to settlers • Conflict continued in the west

  8. Great Awakening and Society • Attracted many classes and races • Poor and women frequently participated • African Americans-acceptance and spiritual equality appealing • Politics - ministers communicated with one another and started to trade • Large outdoor meetings place to discuss politics and social issues

  9. Outcome of Great Awakening • Questioning church practices encouraged colonists to demand greater political equality.

  10. Focus Questions • What was the message of the Great Awakening? • How did the colonists respond to the Great Awakening? • How did the Great Awakening help bring colonists together?

  11. Student Presentations