Agenda • Bell Ringer: • Brief Lecture: Ottoman Empire • Video: Hagia Sophia • Safavid Empire • Life as a King, how would you run things? • Ottoman Empire/Safavid Map • Accomplishments of the Ottoman Timeline • Review of Test HW: Finish Vocabulary
Turks settle down (Othman) • Anatolian Turks similar to crusaders, and they kill “infidels”. • Built a State in Anatolia between 1300-1326. • Used cannons and gunpowder to take cities. • Conquered people were treated well, but were required to pay taxes.
Timur the Lame • Early 1400, Rebel from Samarkand. • Claimed to be descendant of Genghis Kahn. • Conquered Russia and Persia. • Pillaged Baghdad • Massacred population in Delhi. • He takes the Sultan, and violence breaks out among the brothers.
Expansion of the Empire • Mehmet I defeats his brothers and takes the throne. • Expansion continues through 1566. • Mehmet II takes Constantinople with 100,000 soldiers. (1453) • Pillaged the city for 3 days, ransacking the Hagia Sophia. • Inhabitants were made slaves. • Hagia Sophia turned into a Mosque.
Suleiman and the Height of the Empire • Controlled major trade routes on Eastern Med and throughout Continent. • Complex Military State • 20,000 slaves • Janissaries, took young boys and trained them in Islamic tradition, making them soldiers. • Allowed Freedom of Religion.
Cultural Achievements and Decline • Taxation simplified. • Mosque of Suleiman • Contained a hospital, library, and college. • Decline • Killed his ablest son, incompetent one took power in 1571. • Everyone scared of losing power, so they kill anyone they feel can take it. • Lack of modernization leads to end in 1924.
Safavid’s • Aligned themselves with Shi’a Islam. • Since they were attacked by the Ottomans, they built a large military. • Isma’il became a religious tyrant • Killed anyone of the Sunni sect. • Similar to the Ottomans, including its decline.