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THIS IS A STORY ABOUT…

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  1. THIS IS A STORY ABOUT…

  2. AGE OF EXPLORATION • Two societies, both wealthy and powerful. • Building Empires • Completely unknown to each other • Teaser: they were about to collide

  3. Quick Think • What are parts of Worldviews? • What is history? • Imagine the first contact between two groups who come from very different places with different histories and different worldviews. What would happen?

  4. FIRST CONTACT

  5. Aztecs and Spanish

  6. Societies

  7. AZTECS: GEOGRAPHY

  8. GEOGRAPHY CONTINUED • Can you say diverse? • Deserts • Mountains • Tropical Forests • Ranch Land • Rich Farm Land • Seacoasts (WEST/EAST) • PLATEAU – large raised area of mostly level land

  9. Rivers • Rio Grande • Usamacinta

  10. Usumacinta • Largest rivers

  11. Pre-Columbian Meso-America • Time in Americas before Columbus (1519) • Region stretching from central Mexico to Nicaragua

  12. GEOGRAPHY CONTINUED • Live in central basin aka VALLEY OF MEXICO • Lake Texcoco: largest of five lakes • CENTRE OF AZTEC CIVLIZATION

  13. GEOGRAPHY CONTINUED • Larger cities located around lakes • Increase of population of city dwellers • More reliance on farmers in the outer areas to meet their food needs • Variety of farming techniques, different kinds of food • abundance of corn, chili peppers, squash, tomatoes, beans, and other kinds of food

  14. IRRIGATION • Stop and think…

  15. Irrigation • Valleys  • For Farming • Dams divert water from natural springs to the fields • Why? • harvests on a regular basis

  16. Other Farming Techniques • Slash and burn

  17. GEOGRAPHY CONTINUED • Canals • Waterways • Transportation

  18. AZTECS: TIME • Temperature/Seasons • Arable Soil • Harvests • Spring-like in the valley • Why? • ALTITUDE!

  19. TIME CONTINUED • ANALOG OR DIGITAL?

  20. AZTECS: BELIEFS • Most cultures have stories and beliefs about the creation of the world and the origins of its people… what are some creation stories in Canada?

  21. AZTECS: BELIEFS • Huitzilopochtli: main god of the Aztec • Incarnation of the Sun • What did he tell his followers?

  22. BELIEFS CONTINUED

  23. Important Dates • ~ 1100: Leave Aztlan • ~ 1200: Arrive in Valley of Mexico • ~1250: Finally settle in Lake Texcoco • ~ 1300: First temple

  24. Tribe Reflections • Name two interesting things you learned today • Name something you’re confused about still

  25. HOMEWORK – use your notes to answer the following questions • What are the three important farming techniques used? • What was the key events in Aztec history that affected their worldview in • A) GEOGRAPHY • B) TIME • C) HISTORY • How long did they travel for?

  26. Teaser: Spanish Exploration

  27. http://www.schoolhistory.co.uk/games/fling/aztecs/