AGE OF EXPLORATION • Two societies, both wealthy and powerful. • Building Empires • Completely unknown to each other • Teaser: they were about to collide
Quick Think • What are parts of Worldviews? • What is history? • Imagine the first contact between two groups who come from very different places with different histories and different worldviews. What would happen?
GEOGRAPHY CONTINUED • Can you say diverse? • Deserts • Mountains • Tropical Forests • Ranch Land • Rich Farm Land • Seacoasts (WEST/EAST) • PLATEAU – large raised area of mostly level land
Rivers • Rio Grande • Usamacinta
Usumacinta • Largest rivers
Pre-Columbian Meso-America • Time in Americas before Columbus (1519) • Region stretching from central Mexico to Nicaragua
GEOGRAPHY CONTINUED • Live in central basin aka VALLEY OF MEXICO • Lake Texcoco: largest of five lakes • CENTRE OF AZTEC CIVLIZATION
GEOGRAPHY CONTINUED • Larger cities located around lakes • Increase of population of city dwellers • More reliance on farmers in the outer areas to meet their food needs • Variety of farming techniques, different kinds of food • abundance of corn, chili peppers, squash, tomatoes, beans, and other kinds of food
IRRIGATION • Stop and think…
Irrigation • Valleys • For Farming • Dams divert water from natural springs to the fields • Why? • harvests on a regular basis
Other Farming Techniques • Slash and burn
GEOGRAPHY CONTINUED • Canals • Waterways • Transportation
AZTECS: TIME • Temperature/Seasons • Arable Soil • Harvests • Spring-like in the valley • Why? • ALTITUDE!
TIME CONTINUED • ANALOG OR DIGITAL?
AZTECS: BELIEFS • Most cultures have stories and beliefs about the creation of the world and the origins of its people… what are some creation stories in Canada?
AZTECS: BELIEFS • Huitzilopochtli: main god of the Aztec • Incarnation of the Sun • What did he tell his followers?
Important Dates • ~ 1100: Leave Aztlan • ~ 1200: Arrive in Valley of Mexico • ~1250: Finally settle in Lake Texcoco • ~ 1300: First temple
Tribe Reflections • Name two interesting things you learned today • Name something you’re confused about still
HOMEWORK – use your notes to answer the following questions • What are the three important farming techniques used? • What was the key events in Aztec history that affected their worldview in • A) GEOGRAPHY • B) TIME • C) HISTORY • How long did they travel for?