Settlement and Colonization of North America - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Settlement and Colonization of North America

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  1. Settlement and Colonization of North America The Company of 100 Associates Nations around the Atlantic Coastline The 13 Colonies Jesuit Missions Seigneuries Coureur de bois Hurons Explorers Des Groseilliers and Pierre Radisson By: Lien, Anthony, Peter & Luke

  2. Nations Around Atlantic Coastline When the Europeans arrived in 1492 they started to make colonies These nations included England, France, Spain and Portugal There were also native Indians including the Iroquois The English took control in the end destroying the French and subdued the natives

  3. The Company of 100 Associates They were a French trading company supported by the king It was chartered in 1627 They were to support and expand the fur trade and New France They also had a monopoly on fur trade in that region of North America

  4. The Company of 100 Associates They explored the land of North America for resources They also set up trading posts and fishing ports along the Atlantic coastline They tried to create a settlement along the St. Lawrence River but failed because their leader lost monopoly on the area

  5. The13 colonies They were largely farming and fishing groups They made much of their own clothes and grow most of their own food All these colonies didn’t depend on other peoples and were self-sufficient They also used slaves

  6. The 13 Colonies Rhode Island Connecticut Maryland Delaware North Carolina South Carolina New Jersey Pennsylvania Georgia Virginia Massachusetts New York New Hampshire

  7. Jesuit Missions The Jesuit missions started in 16th century In 1604 the French explorer, Samuel de Champlain. He initiated the first two French involvements in north America, he founded Port royal near Florida in 1605 and the first establishment at Quebec in 1608

  8. Jesuit Missions First mission 1609 Second Mission 1611 The Jesuits established a mission on Penobscot bay in 1609 which was the French colony of Acadia On October 25,1604 the Jesuit Pierre coton asked the general of the company to sent 2 missionaries to Terre-Neuve The mission failed in 1613 because of a raid by people from Virginia

  9. Jesuit Missions The whole point of sending missionaries to native groups was to educate them in the ways of God Missions were sometimes abandoned because of French attacks on the villages Missionaries lived among the natives and taught them symbols and sign of the Catholic church (bells or candlelight)

  10. Hurons Hurons were one of the many Iroquois tribes Their population at that time numbered around 25,000 They grew crops They lived in bark houses that can hold 5-6 people

  11. Hurons The Hurons were mainly republic They had assemblies that discuss major questions by chiefs They believed in one great spirit therefore similar to Christianity When the Europeans arrived they sent missionaries among the Hurons some of them converted to Christianity

  12. Seigneuries Rich person In north America, a man who owned a large estate originally held by a feudal grant from the king of France They had properties of land called seigneuries Basically the same as feudalism

  13. Coureur des Bois They were people who went to north America without permission from the French government to engage in the fur trade They were usually good canoeists and were adventurers. Most were French but some were not and went there to make money

  14. Des Groseilliers and Pierre Radisson Des Groseilliers and Pierre Radisson were two partners that moved to North America They moved farther inland than most people They met people from Sioux and were told about all the beavers by Hudson bay When they came back to the colony their canoes were filled to the brim with pelts

  15. Des Groseilliers and Pierre Radisson Even with how many furs they had, they were not welcomed back They had gone off without getting a license to trade fur and had the furs taken away And so joined the English

  16. Des Groseilliers and Pierre Radisson King Charles II agreed to support them in their quest for furs They set sail on their ships but only Des Groseilliers made it to Canada Radisson had to turn back because of bad storms but he joined him later on In 1669, they returned to England with the fur they had collected.

  17. Robert de Salle He was born in France in Nov 22, 1643 He set sail on his ship Griffin to North America in August of 1679 He was granted a seigneur when he arrived

  18. Robert de Salle La Salle immediately began to issue land grants, set up a village and learns the languages of the native peoples. He heard from the Indians that there was Great River called the Ohio and he claimed the entire valley of Mississippi for France He died when 2 men shot him in the back of the back of the head

  19. Verendryes Family They consisted of a father and three sons They came from a Quebec family There were the first to search for details on the rest of the continent They extended the trade to Manitoba They built eight trading posts

  20. Richelieu He was consecrated as a bishop in 1608 and became a secretary of state He soon rose in both the Church and the French government and become an advisor to the king. He founded the Company of 100 associates He was the person who commissioned the Jesuit missions and introduced the seigneural system.

  21. Any Questions???

  22. Brain Recess